This week, U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis paid his first visit to Indonesia since joining the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump. During Jokowi's visit, defense ties got a boost with the inking of a joint statement The economic dimension of U.S.-Indonesia relations has traditionally lagged. As I have detailed before in these pages, the United States and Indonesia have a defense relationship that has included a range of interactions.
Through discussions, webchats, cultural performances, debates, competitions, and exhibitions, visitors can experience the best of America - its ideals, creativity, and diversity. The technology on display — a giant, supercharged version of Google Earth called Liquid Galaxyscores of iPads that are available to test, interactive monitors explaining Black History Month — thrilled the teenagers. Initial assistance focused on the most urgent needs of the new republic, including food aid, infrastructure rehabilitation, health care, and training.
For thirty years, between andUS aid to Indonesia was provided within the arrangements of, first, the Inter-Governmental Group on Indonesiaand later the Consultative Group on Indonesia. Through the s, a time of great economic growth in Indonesia, USAID played a major role in helping the country achieve self-sufficiency in rice production and in reducing the birth rate. Today, USAID assistance programs focus on basic education, democratic governance, rebuilding after the tsunami, economic growth, health, water, food, and the environment.
This initiative is a cornerstone of the U. Government assistance program in Indonesia, directly responding to Indonesia's priorities and reflecting a joint Indonesia-U.
MBE is also working with 10, educators to improve the quality of teaching and learning in grades through in-service teacher training, community participation, and the promotion of school-based management.
Through dissemination of good practices, teachers from 2, additional schools received training last year.
US-Indonesia defence ties at a turning point
Decentralized basic education DBE The Indonesia Education Initiative will increase the quality of basic education in primary and junior secondary schools, both public and private, and focus on three results: DBE1 Local governments and communities more effectively manage education services; DBE2 Enhance the quality of teaching and learning to improve student performance in key subjects such as math, science, and reading; and DBE3 Youth gain more relevant life and work skills to better compete for jobs in the future.
Opportunities for vulnerable children This program promotes inclusive education in Indonesia. Children with special needs such as visual impairment are provided the opportunity to be educated in public schools. Replicable models are being developed to expand the reach of the program. Millions of Indonesian children will be better equipped to start school. The first season is scheduled to air in mid Effective democracy and decentralized governance This objective aims to support democratic reforms by supporting effective and accountable local governance, addressing conflict and encouraging pluralismand consolidating national-level democratic reforms.
Mitigation of conflict and support for peace USAID remains a key donor working to mitigate conflict and support peace in conflict areas, such as AcehPapuaSulawesiand Ambon. Assistance activities focus on: Anti-trafficking in persons USAID's anti-trafficking programs work closely with the Ministry of Women's Empowerment and civil society groups in policy making, program development, victim support, and dissemination of information which will contribute to reducing the trafficking of women and children in Indonesia.
Legislative strengthening Technical assistance and training are provided to strengthen the legislative and legal drafting skills of parliamentarians as well as provide institutional support to the National House of Representatives, National Regional Representative Council, nine provincial legislative councils and 40 district-level legislative councils.
Activities include promoting constituency and media outreach; developing the capacity to draft and analyze legislation and operational budgets; creating inter-party coalitions; encouraging legislative commissions to carry out their functions, and perform strategic planning.
The local governance support program Currently assisting 60 local governments, this program works to increase governmental accountability and transparency, strengthen the local legislative process, promote citizen engagement and civil service reform, and improve the delivery of basic services.
The program assists local radio stations in North Sumatra, Aceh and Java, fostering dialogue on media regulations, and providing support for media and media education in Aceh.
Tsunami Reconstruction The U.
US-Indonesia defence ties at a turning point - Policy Forum
Government was one of the first donors to respond to the disaster, and remains one of the largest contributors to relief and reconstruction efforts in Indonesia. Through numerous grants to non-governmental organizations NGOsinternational organizations, and UN agencies, USAID has helped stabilize the humanitarian situation in Aceh, avert a public health crisis, and provide relief services to survivors. Rebuilding shelter and key infrastructure USAID is assisting communities by providing much needed shelter, working with the Indonesian Government to rebuild key infrastructure, and ensuring proper mapping and planning is considered through local cooperation.
Restoring livelihoods USAID enables communities to direct capacity building to benefit people at the local level. Strengthening capacity and governance USAID is providing assistance to restore local government services in Aceh, working to increase governmental accountability and transparency, strengthen the local legislative process, promote citizen engagement and civil service reform, and improve the delivery of basic services.
- Indonesia–United States relations
- U.S. Department of State
Economic growth strengthened and employment created Assistance to the Indonesian Government and private sector focuses on creating jobs by improving the business and investment climate, combating corruption, increasing competitiveness in key sectors, and improving the safety of the financial system. USAID is working with Indonesians to ensure that future generations enjoy an increasingly prosperous, democratic and stable country.
Business climate and enterprise development Efforts to promote a transparent and predictable legal and regulatory business climate aim to reduce the hidden costs of doing business, to reduce uncertainty, and to promote trade, investment and job creation.
USAID delivers technical assistance to leading industry sectors in an effort to fuel growth, exports, jobs, and prosperity.
These efforts drive increased productivity and national competitiveness by forging stronger coalitions of public, private, and civil society advocates for legal, regulatory, and policy change. Financial sector safety and soundness USAID is working to improve the oversight of bank and non-bank financial intermediaries in order to promote safety and soundness in the financial system and to improve transparency and governance.
Environmental services This program supports better health through improved water resources management and expanded access to clean water and sanitation services.
Although the Joko Widodo Jokowi government has been steadfast in its position that Indonesia is not a claimant in those disputes, it has its own conflict with China over the waters around the Natuna Islands, making territorial integrity a flashpoint in Indonesia-China relations. At one point, the leadership in Jakarta was so concerned about the dispute getting out of hand — seeing it as a matter of sovereignty and nationalistic pride — that it was prepared to countenance a name change of the waters to the North Natuna Sea.
These were imposed due to allegations of human rights abuses and have curtailed US-Indonesia defence cooperation. It is however unclear at this point whether any real progress can be made on this front.
Indonesia–United States relations - Wikipedia
Southeast Asia pins its hopes on US-Japan alliance The Mattis visit was meant to provide assurance to the defence establishment in Jakarta that existing defence cooperation between Indonesia and the US would continue. Included in this defence cooperation are visits by defence officials, exchanges of defence personnel, and joint military exercises such as between the Indonesian Navy and the US Marine Corps on marine tactical warfare.
Arms purchases by Jakarta such as Apache helicopters and Fs will also likely continue, if not increase, given the much larger defence budget passed under the Trump administration. Similarly, counterterrorism funding from Washington to Jakarta, which has amounted to hundreds of millions of dollars, is likely to continue.
However, expectations were mismatched between Washington and Jakarta on how to manage China.
Mattis appeared to be mistaken in his belief that Indonesia would support US efforts to contain China or welcome US assistance in the Natunas. Clashing with China in the Natunas does not equate to Jakarta distancing itself from Beijing and navigating closer to Washington.