Nursing Care Interpersonal Relationship Questionnaire: elaboration and validation
INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS AMONG HOSPITAL NURSES AND. THE USE OF . study at any time and we gave them consent forms to sign as a sign of . Individuals who are compatible with each other enter into an interpersonal relationship. Let us go through the different types of interpersonal relationships. Nursing can be very stressful. You need solid interpersonal skills to handle the tasks of everyday. Learn the best skills to deal with your daily situations.
Subsequent levels demonstrate qualitatively the points of effectiveness of the interpersonal relationship with the involvement of behaviors related to the concepts of transaction and interaction, followed by the concept of role.
Interpersonal Relation, Validation Studies, Nursing Care, Psychometrics, Dimensional Measurement Accuracy, Nursing Theory Introduction Interpersonal relationship in nursing care can be defined, based on a theory 1as the interaction between two or more people who communicate, transfer values and energy from their roles in society. Such interaction is continuing, ranging from a low to high effectiveness ratio in nursing care.
This subjective essence demands the search for support for its evaluation. In this sense, the measurements available in the literature refer to general interpersonal relationship and to instruments derived from psychology, such as: However, on the interpersonal relationship in nursing care, no instruments were found, which indicated lack of knowledge and lack of scales in this area.
In addition, in the United States, in the nursing scope, the instrument found was the Interpersonal Communication Assessment Scale 6used to measure communication between undergraduate and graduate students and also validated for Portugal 7.
This scale is restricted to the communication process and has students as the target audience. Given the above, the instruments used to measure the interpersonal relationship do not relate to nursing, have different conceptual directions, mostly from psychology, and only deal with parts of this construct, such as communication and empathy 48.
In turn, the scarcity of instruments measuring interpersonal relationship in nursing care makes it difficult to evaluate specific elements of the nursing work that make the interpersonal relationship effective. Therefore, the measurement of interpersonal relationship in nursing care remains an open field for research.
The development of an instrument in this area would not only identify the current stage of this interpersonal relationship in nursing care, but it would also provide parameters to improve it, favoring a humanitarian praxis, based on general health promotion, prevention of suffering and improvement of care by allowing a system to monitor the quality of interpersonal relationships.
Thus, the objective of this study was to elaborate an instrument for the measurement of the interpersonal relationship in nursing care through the Item Response Theory IRTand the validation thereof.
Method It is a methodological study, with a quantitative approach, delineated from the theoretical, empirical and analytical poles of Psychometrics 9 - In the theoretical pole, the theoretical dimensionality was defined and the constitutive and operational definitions were established.
The items were elaborated and content validation was carried out. The nurse is typically the person who reports the information to the doctor and the accuracy is necessary to determine immediate action and follow up care. Patience, patience and more patience is a necessary skill for a nurse to possess for several different reasons.
That information may not be available at that time, and it will be up to the nurse to remain calm and not react negatively to a demand of information. Personal Stress Management is necessary to cope with emergencies and human suffering. It is essential when dealing with situations that are dire and no matter what is done to ease suffering and improve health, there is nothing that can be done to prevent the inevitable.
A sense of humor is a must when working in the nursing industry.
Interpersonal Skills Needed for Nurses
It is the one outlet to relieve tension and stress that is part of being a nurse and humor serves as the vehicle to get over a speed bump disguised as tragedy. This involves overcoming certain attitudes and offering consistent, non-judgemental care to all patients.
Accepting the person for who they are regardless of diverse backgrounds and circumstances or differences in morals or beliefs. By exhibiting these attributes trust can grow between patient and nurse.
It includes nurses working with the client to create goals directed at improving their health status. A partnership is formed between nurse and client. The nurse empowers patient and families to get involved in their health.
Different Types of Interpersonal Relationships
To make this process successful the nurse must value, respect and listen to clients as individuals. Focus should be on the feelings, priorities, challenges, and ideas of the patient, with progressive aim of enhancing optimum physical, spiritual, and mental health. It is stated that it is the nurse's job to report abuse of their client to ensure that their client is safe from harm.
Nurses must intervene and report any abusive situations observed that might be seen as violent, threatening, or intended to inflict harm. Nurses must also report any health care provider's behaviors or remarks towards clients that are perceived as romantic, or sexually abusive. Interviews were done with participants from Southern Ontario, ten had been hospitalized for a psychiatric illness and four had experiences with nurses from community-based organizations, but were never hospitalized.
The participants were asked about experiences at different stages of the relationship.
The research described two relationships that formed the "bright side" and the "dark side". The "bright" relationship involved nurses who validated clients and their feelings. For example, one client tested his trust of the nurse by becoming angry with her and revealing his negative thoughts related to the hospitalization.
The client stated, "she's trying to be quite nice to me For example, one client stated, "The nurses' general feeling was when someone asks for help, they're being manipulative and attention seeking ". One patient reported, "the nurses all stayed in their central station.
They didn't mix with the patients The only interaction you have with them is medication time". One participant stated, "no one cares.
It's just, they don't want to hear it. They don't want to know it; they don't want to listen". These findings bring awareness about the importance of the nurse—client relationship.
Building trust[ edit ] Building trust is beneficial to how the relationship progresses. Wiesman used interviews with 15 participants who spent at least three days in intensive care to investigate the factors that helped develop trust in the nurse—client relationship.
Patients said nurses promoted trust through attentiveness, competence, comfort measures, personality traits, and provision of information. Every participant stated the attentiveness of the nurse was important to develop trust. One said the nurses "are with you all the time. Whenever anything comes up, they're in there caring for you". They took time to do little things and made sure they were done right and proper," stated one participant. One client stated, "they were there for the smallest need.
I remember one time where they repositioned me maybe five or six times in a matter of an hour". One said, "they were all friendly, and they make you feel like they've known you for a long time" Receiving adequate information was important to four participants.
One participant said, "they explained things. They followed it through, step by step". Emotional support[ edit ] Emotional Support is giving and receiving reassurance and encouragement done through understanding. Yamashita, Forchuk, and Mound conducted a study to examine the process of nurse case management involving clients with mental illness.
- Interpersonal Skills Needed for Nurses
- [Importance of interpersonal relationship of the nurse with the family of hospitalized children].
Nurses in inpatient, transitional, and community settings in four cities in Ontario Canada were interviewed. The interviews show the importance of providing emotional support to the patients. One nurse stated that if the client knows "Somebody really cares enough to see how they are doing once a week To them it means the world".