Grandparents and the extended family « Understanding Childhood
Most English speakers use “uncle” for any of four relationships: father's brother, mother's Therefore B2 and C2 are H and W's great-grandchildren. once wrote to Ann Landers, the advice columnist, describing this situation. Your mother's sister's husband is not your uncle by marriage. Son and daughter of your siblings and siblings-in-law. The child of your first cousin is also your first cousin once removed: your grandparent is that child's great- grandparent. . Learn which colors Joanna Gaines predicts will be big in , plus get tips and. RELATIONSHIP CHART. The phrase Great Great Grandfather or Great Great Grandmother. Grandfather or Grandmother. Great Uncle/Aunt Son or Daughter.
The thing is, the removals issue is complicated enough for most folks to deal with. The other definition is that they are second, third or fourth cousins, or cousins of a distant enough removal that it would be legal to marry them. First cousins are not allowed to marry. They may be a close family friend, or related to another family member but only by marriage.
I can offer an example from my own childhood.
Kinship chart | Cousin Marriage Resources
Within our family, to be silly, we pronounced it as 'kway-zee,' and ultimately, it became 'crazy. Luckily, my father worked for an airline, so we got discounted tickets; otherwise, I might not have even had that contact. Another Kind of "Kissing Cousin? There was no blood tie between this young lady and my aunt. However, my ten-year-old mind insisted otherwise: I was so upset that my dear grand aunt invented a very convoluted relationship, such as that I was her second step-cousin four times removed, or some other such nonsense.
Dear family friends like this who share in family events are often given the courtesy title of cousin, aunt or uncle. You have to be careful when researching to be sure. And Now Those Steps Most of us know what step-relations are. It happens when a couple marries, has children, and then for whatever reason, whether by the death of one or the other spouse, or by divorce, that marriage ends, and one or both persons marry someone else. The new spouse is the stepparent of the existing children.
Any new children they have together are the half-brothers or sisters of the existing children. Step is not the same as half. It reaches to grandchildren as well. As seen in the story about my quasi cousin, Casey, she was the step grandchild of my grand aunt.
In Laws and Outlaws I hope you have no outlaws in your family. But we all have in-laws.
At least, if we are married, we do. Our mother and father in-law are, of course, the parents of our spouse. And, in turn, we are their daughter or son in-law.
Likewise, their other children are our brothers and sisters in-law. Ah, we can enter the in-law club if a sibling of ours marries. We can then become brothers or sisters in-law to the siblings of their spouse, even if we ourselves are not married.
But, beware of a mighty trap in your research!
So be careful to check the parental lines before you accept the designation! That about wraps up the relationships aspect. If you just came in here, you can go back and pick up my article about how to get started with the search. Moving on from there, I've devoted an article as well to figuring out complex relationshipswhile the family group sheet shows how to keep track of each family unit of parents and their children. Then we advance to how to use census data for researching your history.
My aunt was married to my husband's uncle. We share the same first cousins, but we have no relationship outside marriage, correct? Okay, that's a possible tangle, but let's look at the possibilities. That would not be legal, just as first cousins are not allowed to marry. If the two families were acquainted back then, then yes, you would have this sort of situation arise, and that aunt would also be a blood relation to you.
I know that I ran into a weird situation in my own family history, in which the same set of parents showed up on both the mother's and father's side of the family. This resulted in a mother being a second cousin once removed from her own child! That apparently happened a fair amount back in the s, because people were not nearly as mobile as we are today; they were generally born and lived out their lives within about a mile radius. After a time, they ran out of people to marry besides their cousins!
Types of First Cousins please click to donate! Because this article helps you, please donate at OakRoadSystems. First cousins can be classified two ways: While ortho-cousins are children of two brothers or two sisters; cross-cousins are children of a sister and brother.
Note that these terms depend on the sexes of the parents, not of the cousins. A table and some examples should make the terms clear: What relation are they?
C2 is the child of C1, and C1 and B1 are first cousins. Therefore B1 and C2 are called first cousins once removed, the most common example of a relationship designated removed. For instance, B2 and C4 are second cousins twice removed, not fourth cousins twice removed. In the chart above, the first cousins B1 and C1 must be your mother and her cousin. You are then B2, the child of your mother. You B2 are second cousin to C2; Joe is twice removed, or two generations below C2.
My friend B2 and his relative C3 are second cousins once removed. Sometimes they are used interchangeably, but they have distinct and well-defined meanings. The key distinction is that half siblings have one parent in common but not both; stepsiblings have no parents in common. Mark and Sue died or the marriages ended in divorce. Harry met Sally; they married, and had a daughter named Amelia. The children from a previous marriage are stepsons and stepdaughters generically, stepchildren.
You are my stepbrother or stepsister if we have no parents in common but our parents have married each other. There are two ways you could be my stepsister: If my mother marries a second time, and her new husband my new stepfather already has a daughter from a previous marriage, that daughter is my stepsister because one of her parents is married to one of my parents.
If my father marries a second time, and his new wife already has a daughter, that daughter is again my stepsister. A similar rule gives the two ways for you to be my stepbrother. Amelia is not stepsister but half sister to both John and Amanda, because she shares one parent with each.
Half Relations You are my half brother or half sister if we have one parent in common but not both. For instance, if my parents divorce or my father dies and my mother remarries, her new husband is my stepfather. If she and my stepfather have a daughter, that daughter is my half sister because we have the same mother but different fathers. The same is true if my father remarries and has a daughter with his new wife: Similarly, Amelia and Amanda are half sisters through their common father Harry.
Do you see the difference? If you are the child of my stepparent, you will be either my stepsibling or my half sibling. Half siblings have one parent in common; stepsiblings have no parents in common. Consanguinity, or Degree of Kinship Degrees of consanguinity are used to compare the closeness of relationships in a legal context.
For instance, if a person dies without leaving a will, his estate will be divided according to a legally prescribed order. Also, incest taboos prevent people marrying who are too closely related. Consanguinity can be lineal, where one person is an ancestor of the other, or collateral, where the two people have a common ancestor but neither one is an ancestor of the other. Computing lineal consanguinity is easy: Thus a father and son are related in the first degree, a grandfather and grandson in the second degree, and so on.
The Roman method or civil law counts up from one person to the common ancestor, then down to the other person. B0 and C1 uncle and niece are related in the third degree.
The Germanic method was used by Catholic canon law until and also historically by English and American law. It simply counts the length of the longer branch. On this system uncle and niece such as B0 and C1 are related in the second degree, exactly the same as first cousins such as B1 and C1. Recent editions of the Britannica go into computation of consanguinity on the basis of shared DNA. Life Changes, Relationship Changes The terms given above have a long tradition behind them, but they came into use when society was a lot less mobile than it is today.
Professional genealogists do it with diagrams and symbols, but how do various life events change the terms the rest of us use for relationships? The rule here is simple: Whether your sister adopts a little girl or gives birth to one, that little girl is your niece. Whether or not little Jennifer knows she was adopted, you are her Aunt Helen and she is your niece.
Most adoptions occur when the children are very young. Their adoptive parents are most likely the only ones they know, and are usually referred to as mother and father. The woman who actually gave birth to the child is called, logically enough, the birth mother.
Almost everyone would agree that they are. This is the trickiest area.