KS3 > The Reformation > Parliaments > Edward VI 1st | History of Parliament Online
Edward's birth at Hampton Court on 12th October marked the end of became more radically Protestant, the relationship between Edward and that the king's will, or Letters Patent could overturn an Act of Parliament.). Edward VI (12 October – 6 July ) was King of England and Ireland from 28 January .. As a counter-move, Warwick convinced parliament to free Somerset, which it did on 14 January Lacking Somerset's blood- relationship with the king, he added members to the Council from his own faction in order to. Portrait of Edward VI in , in a pose reminiscent of his father . of delivering a male heir, Henry's relationship with Jane Seymour assumed a new importance. .. Attainder was passed on 4 March, approved by Parliament and King Edward.
The French also besieged Boulogne. The war was prohibitively expensive and forced further debasement of the coinage.
Edward VI of England
Religion Somerset was a moderate Protestant. He abolished the medieval laws against heresy and allowed the printing of Scripture in English. He also abolished the chantries endowments that paid stipends to priests to pray for the dead expressing Protestant opposition to belief in Purgatory and prayers for the dead, and seizing the proceeds. Inclerical marriage was permitted. In the same year, a new English prayer book was imposed by the Act of Uniformity. The prayer book introduced Protestant doctrine whilst retaining old ceremonies.
This softly, softly approach was devised by Somerset and Cranmer to minimize the appearance of innovation. Roman Catholic forces were victorious on the European Continent, and Protestants also feared conservative resistance at home.
InBonner was committed to Marshalsea prison, and remained there until Mary freed him on her accession. Social policy The s were a period of acute price inflation - the purchasing power of silver was falling at the same time as the silver content of English coins was decreasing. The population was increasing more quickly than agricultural production.
Anyone living on a fixed income suffered. Only large farmers profited. Debasement led to a fall in value of pound abroad. This should have helped English exports, but cloth exports remained sluggish - perhaps because of the disruption caused by war.
Sir Thomas Smith saw debasement as the main cause of inflation. But Somerset ignored his sound analysis and turned to John Hales, who blamed the selfish greed of enclosers.
Protestant moralizers such as Hugh Latimer also preached that economic problems resulted from moral failings. InSomerset established an ineffective commission to prevent the enclosure of land. The brief-lived poor law mandated slavery as a punishment for vagrants who refused employment.
In Sussex, the public appearance of a nobleman the Earl of Arundel was sufficient to subdue the rebels. In Oxfordshire, in order to quell the mob a number of rioters were hanged.
Resentment of the new Prayer Book was particularly pronounced in this region. Its date of introduction was 9 June, and the rebellion began on 10 June. The Prayer Book Rebellion The rebels intended to march on London, but the need to besiege government forces in Exeter delayed their advance. This gave Somerset the time to organize an army. The army under Lord Russell moved to Honiton while awaiting supplies from Bristol. He defeated the rebels around Exeter, 17 Augustand they fled in disorder towards Launceston.
Russell pursued and savage repression followed - many of the rebels were hanged. It had created serious tension between gentlemen and peasants. The Howard family's fall from power had also undermined central control over the region.
Tudor Times | Edward VI
The rebels were led by Rober Ket or Kett ; he was a tanner and yeoman farmer who wanted the government to introduce agrarian reform. He and the rebels believed that the central government would support them against the local nobles. Furthermore, they were Protestant in sympathy. The marriage was not a happy one, as Philip apparently found Mary disgusting.
This was a true political marriage and had nothing to do with love. After only four months into Mary's reign, the Parliament met to bring back the Catholic Church to England. The pope was, once again, recognized as the head of the church in England. Mary has gone down in history as "Bloody Mary. Many leading Protestants, including Thomas Cranmer, were burnt at the stake because they would not return to the Roman Catholic Church. However, inMary's half-sister, Elizabeth, a suspected Protestant, was released from the Tower of London.
In Philip became king of Spain, he left England for Spain, never to return. In the following year Philip convinced his wife Mary to declare war on France, an enemy of Spain.
It was a disaster for England because Calais, the last area of France controlled by the English, was lost in the war. InMary died of cancer. Her unhappy marriage was childless, and the next in line to the throne was her half-sister, Elizabeth.
Like Mary, Elizabeth ruled as queen regnant. Queen Elizabeth I One of the issues Elizabeth had to face was the question of the religion of the country.
Should England stay a Catholic nation, or move back to a Protestant nation? Inunder her reign, England was returned to a Protestant nation. Although some Catholics were persecuted, Elizabeth's reign was more tolerant to those of other religions, including Catholics. Elizabeth, like her father before, was declared the head of the Church of England.
Queen Elizabeth had a cousin, named Mary, who was once queen of France and Scotland, through her husband, Francis. Mary, Queen of Scots, a Catholic, would be a constant problem for queen Elizabeth. After a war with France, Elizabeth signed a peace treaty with England's constant rival in Elizabeth founded schools and promoted exploration and piracy by the English navy.
These English pirates preyed on Spanish ships carrying products back to Spain. Besides religion, another problem Elizabeth had was the issue of marriage.The English Reformation (Part II: Edward VI, Bloody Mary, Elizabeth I)
Like religion, Elizabeth was not interested in marriage. She had seen how unsuccessful her father was in marriage, and she wasn't interested in getting married herself. One of the responsibilities of a monarch is marriage, so that there would be an heir to the throne. However, as queen regnant, Elizabeth would most likely marry a foreigner, as her half-sister had, bringing England under the influence of a foreigner.
Many foreign rulers proposed marriage to Elizabeth, her answer was always the same In this way she kept her suitors at bay, never intending to marry any of them.
She would later say, "My husband is my country, England. Not knowing exactly what to do with her, Elizabeth placed Mary under house arrest.
Years later inwhile still under house arrest, a man named Babington started a plot to assassinate Elizabeth, and place Mary, Queen of Scots, a Catholic, on the throne of England.