Economic abuse - Wikipedia
Caring in intimate relationships is the practice of providing care and support to an intimate .. Attachment anxiety is related to controlling, overinvolved, intrusive, and compulsive caregiving (e.g., preoccupation with the fear that the partner will . The cycle of abuse is a social cycle theory developed in by Lenore E. Walker to explain patterns of behavior in an abusive relationship. “Control has been one of the most widely explored topics in the social and psychological Control desire. Control desire in the context of a sales relationship refers to the amount of control a customer wants within the relationship.
Evolutionary origins[ edit ] Attachment theoryan influential theoretical framework for the study of intimate relationships and personality development, argues that all humans are born with the capacity and motivation to engage in caregiving behaviours aimed at providing protection and support to close others.
That is, because infants in many primate species, including humans, are highly altricial i. Attachment theory Attachment theory also postulates that all humans possess an innate attachment behavioural system that motivates them to seek proximity to a caregiver also called an attachment figure during times of threat or need. In contrast, a history of interactions with cold or rejecting caregivers promotes attachment avoidance — an interpersonal orientation marked by discomfort with intimacy, a reluctance to rely on others for support, and the tendency to suppress emotional distress.
The empathic stance is characterized by two key, related components: This tailoring of caregiving efforts to the particular characteristics of the specific situation is essential for effective care. They found that the law students exhibited heightened levels of depression on days they reported receiving support, but lowered levels of depression on the days when their partners reported providing more support than the law students reported receiving.
Narcissistic abuse - Wikipedia
That is, participants in this study gained most psychological benefits from support they were not explicitly aware of having received. However, other researchers have argued that the responsiveness of enacted support is a more important factor than the visibility of the support.
Secure base function of caregiving[ edit ] See also: Michelangelo phenomenon Definition and functions[ edit ] In addition to giving support and reassurance during distress, another important function of caregiving within intimate relationships is the provision of support for a relationship partner's personal growth, exploration, and goal strivings.
This can include actions such as removing obstacles to the partner's goal pursuit for example, taking over some household chores to free up time for the partner to engage in a new activitybeing sensitive and responsive to the partner's communications of distress, and communicating readiness to help in the event that support becomes needed.
Second, effective caregiving does not unnecessarily interfere with exploration.
At the beginning of a relationship or its new cycle with a narcissist, the partner is only shown the ideal self of the narcissist, which includes pseudo-empathy, kindness, and charm. Once the partner has committed to the relationship e. The initial narcissistic abuse begins with belittling comments and grows to contempt, ignoring behavioradultery, triangulation forming any relationship trianglessabotageand, at times, physical abuse.
- Cycle of abuse
- Caring in intimate relationships
- Narcissistic abuse
These feelings of inadequacy are projected onto the victim. If the narcissistic person is feeling unattractive they will belittle their romantic partner's appearance.THE DIFFERENCE IN A CONTROLLING RELATIONSHIP AND BEING SUBMISSIVE TO YOUR PARTNER !!
If the narcissist makes an error, this error becomes the partner's fault. This is termed gaslighting. This is called dog-whistling. Any slight criticism of the narcissist, whether actual or perceived, often triggers narcissistic rage and full-blown annihilation from the narcissistic person.
This can take the form of screaming tirades, silent treatment or quiet sabotage setting traps, refusing communication, hiding belongings, spreading rumors, etc.
Psychological abuse - Wikipedia
The discard phase can be swift and occurs once the narcissistic supply is obtained elsewhere. In romantic relationships, the narcissistic supply can be acquired by having affairs. The new partner is in the idealization phase and only witnesses the ideal self; thus once again the cycle of narcissistic abuse begins. Narcissists do not take responsibility for relationship difficulties and exhibit no feelings of remorse.
Instead they believe themselves to be the victim in the relationship  as because of their self-debasing projections, their partner can only ever fail to meet their expectations.