Air pressure to temperature relationship

Pressure and Temperature - Geography for Kids

air pressure to temperature relationship

If you increase the temperature, either the volume, the pressure or both must the confining atmospheric pressure and temperature decreases. The gas laws were developed at the end of the 18th century, when scientists began to realize that relationships between pressure, volume and temperature of a. A sealed cylinder with no leaks contains a fixed mass. The volume of the gas is kept constant by using a cylinder with a fixed roof capable of withstanding high.

Air pressure is the weight of air molecules pressing down on you.

Quick derivation

At higher altitudes, air pressure decreases because there are fewer air molecules pressing down from above compared with the air pressure at sea level. Measuring Air Pressure Barometric pressure is measured in millibars mb but is often given in inches because older style of barometers measured the height of a column of mercury to indicate air pressure.

air pressure to temperature relationship

Normal air pressure at sea level is An aneroid barometer measures air pressure by the expansion or contraction of springs, housed in a partial vacuum, in response to changes in air pressure. In older mercury barometers, a column of mercury would rise or fall in response to changes in air pressure. Air pressure is constantly changing due to fluctuations in temperature, which is related to air density.

Pressure and Temperature

Warm Temperatures Warm air causes air pressure to rise. When air molecules collide, they exert force on each other. When gas molecules are heated, the molecules move more quickly, and the increased velocity causes more collisions.

air pressure to temperature relationship

As a result, more force is exerted on each molecule and air pressure increases. Temperature affects air pressure at different altitudes due to a disparity in air density.

air pressure to temperature relationship

Given two columns of air at different temperatures, the column of warmer air will experience the same air pressure at a higher altitude that is measured at a lower altitude in the cooler column of air.

Outside of the can the volume is not held constant. Thus the contents are free to expand when they move from the high pressure in the can to the low pressure outside of the can.

Expansional cooling causes the contents coming out of the can to cool.

This effect can be noticed in spray-on deodorants. In the second example, a compressor is shown.


This is used in appliances such as refrigerators. The refrigerant air is pressurized into the compressor meaning the pressure increases as more air is squeezed into the same volume. This causes a temperature increase. With time, this heat is lost to the environment through coils. Additional heat is given off as the refrigerant releases latent heat by turning from a gas to a liquid as it cools.

The compressor will be location is a position such as the back of the refrigerator. Thus, the outside portion of the refrigerator can give off heat to the air due to this process.