Depression & Alcoholism: How to Treat Co-Occurring Issues
Jan 2, To examine whether excessive alcohol consumption is a risk factor for anxiety and Morbidity Among Adults Living in Private Households, survey. . alcohol use on the relationship between stress and depression. Objectives. We examined the association between moderate alcohol use and depressive mood among young adults before and after adjustment for. Alcohol abuse and depression are both serious You can also get help from Alcoholics.
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Accepted November 19, We examined the association between moderate alcohol use and depressive mood among young adults before and after adjustment for demographic, health, and socioeconomic factors that may act as confounders.
Alcohol Worsens Depression; Depression Worsens Alcohol Abuse
We analyzed 2 waves of interview data collected from young adults who participated in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to compare frequency of depressive symptoms in moderate drinkers with frequency of symptoms in young adults in other alcohol use categories.
Moderate alcohol use may have no effect on depression in young adults relative to abstinence from alcohol use. A growing number of population-based studies suggest that moderate alcohol use may have beneficial effects on mental health, including lowering levels of depression and anxiety and raising levels of positive mood, sociability, and subjective health.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans as no more than 1 standard drink per day for healthy nonpregnant women and no more than 2 standard drinks per day for healthy men. These inconsistent findings may have resulted from not separating lifetime abstainers from ex-drinkers. For example, in a study on moderate alcohol use and depressive mood among adults who participated in the Los Angeles Catchment Area Study, Lipton 5 classified individuals as abstainers if they reported no alcohol use in the prior 6 months.
This definition may have led to misleading results, because ex-drinkers who were classified as abstainers may have experienced previous drinking and mental health problems that led to their decision to stop drinking.
Therefore, depression levels may be higher among ex-drinkers relative to lifetime abstainers and moderate drinkers. In addition, different levels of moderate and heavy drinking have not adequately been considered in the majority of previous studies, raising questions about whether heavier moderate alcohol use e. Environmental factors, especially those early in life, can also play a major role in the development of depression.
Many people can exhibit all risk factors and not experience any depression. People can be drawn to the sedative effects of alcohol as a kind of medication, helping to distract from persistent feelings of sadness.
While alcohol may temporarily relieve some of the symptoms of depression, it ultimately serves to worsen depression on a long-term basis. Alcohol abuse brings with it a bevy of negative effects on virtually every aspect of life.
As a person begins to experience financial and career consequences as a result of alcohol abuse, and their relationships begin to suffer, their depression worsens. This often leads to a damaging cycle of abusing alcohol in an effort to self-medicate symptoms of depression, and the depression worsening due to the continued alcohol abuse. Once a person regularly abuses alcohol, physical dependence and addiction can quickly follow.
Some people have overlapping genetic predispositions that make them more vulnerable to both alcohol issues and depression, and the onset of one condition can trigger the onset of the other. Hangovers are often accompanied by feelings of depression, and continued alcohol abuse can lead to longer periods of depression.
Those who have been diagnosed with depression and take antidepressants to manage the condition can experience additional ill effects due to alcohol abuse.
Alcohol makes antidepressants less effective, and the depressant effects of the alcohol will further worsen the now unmanaged, or less managed, depression.
Alcohol Abuse Leading to Depression While depression can put a person at greater risk to develop an alcohol problem, the inverse is even more common. This increase in depression can then lead to more drinking, thus perpetuating this cycle from the other angle.
Moderate Alcohol Use and Depression in Young Adults: Findings From a National Longitudinal Study
Medical supervision is required. According to a study published in Addictionindividuals dealing with alcohol use disorder or depression are at double the risk of developing the other condition. This was not simply a correlation, as the study concluded that alcohol use disorders and depression have a causal relationship.
The study found that alcohol abuse is more likely to cause major depression than the other way around, though the causality could go in either direction.
An Examination of Depressive Symptoms and Drinking Patterns in First Year College Students
There were links found between the neurophysiological and metabolic changes brought about by alcohol abuse and the mechanisms for depression to occur.
The study concluded that abuse of alcohol puts an individual at a significantly greater risk to develop depression than that of a person who is not abusing the substance.
Therefore, it is clear that alcohol abuse can induce depression, and depression can also induce alcohol abuse.
This relationship can be cyclical as well, and an individual can get caught going back and forth between abusing alcohol and then using alcohol to try to quell the resulting depression. It can be an extremely challenging set of co-occurring disorders to address, and professional help is needed.