Rigsby's Reading Reflections: The Boy in the Striped Pajamas Due 2/18
Get an answer for 'What is the relationship between Bruno, Gretel, father and and find homework help for other Holocaust, The Boy in the Striped Pajamas. READERS GUIDE. Questions and Topics for Discussion. 1. Discuss the relationship between Bruno and Gretel. Why does Bruno seem younger than nine?. Generally Bruno and Gretel don't get along. Gretel is not sensitive like her brother is. She fawns after lieutenant Kotler and accepts Nazi.
No evidence supports that it is definitely a concentration camp, but the chances it is are very high. The chapters were still dragging along, as do all beginnings, but the end really shook me.
From the beginning of the book the author has been depriving us knowledge of the family. However in the last page of chapter six, the author blew me away by giving the reader the most significant piece of evidence for them to justify that the book was going to be based on the Holocaust in one way or another.
Bruno had begun to get bored of Out-With. Without his friends, he had been lost and therefore needed an activity that would pass time. He decided to make a tyre swing, so he asked Lieutenant Kotler for help, and quickly saw his true colours and he bad mouthed one of the waiters, Pavel.
When Bruno was swinging on the tyre swing he had made, he had got too much height and landed face-first into the ground. Pavel, who was making dinner, had seen this and acted immediately by tending the wound with a first aid box.
Charlie was reminiscing about the last time he had seen his grandparents. It was Christmas, Father had been recently promoted to Commandant and to celebrate the family had a party. Grandmother was however appalled by the fact that the family was congratulating Father of this superiority.
She felt as if the soldiers were just puppets and they were commemorated on their wrongful doings. After the argument, Grandmother had left disappointed in Father for being a patriot. That was the last time Bruno had seen Grandmother and therefore found it in himself to write her a letter to see how she was doing. Bruno makes fun of someone because he acts crazy, without considering the hardship that person has gone through.
His innocent mind does not stop to think as to why this person is doing such a thing, rather he finds what the person is doing to be amusing. This may foreshadow that Bruno will sadly grow out of his innocence by sadly finding the works of his father and his boss to be devastatingly agonizing to the human race. The loud laughing and twirling of the hair are common amongst girls her age, it shows her maturity as she transcends into a pubescent ordeal in which she begins to find older boys attractive.
You have no idea of what the young men went through back then. She is apparent of the events that go on around the world, furthermore she knows about the after effect that these events have on people.
Even though Pavel was the one who helped Bruno with his injury, Mother is the one to reap the claim that she was the one who helped Bruno. This kind of treachery seems unlikely of Mother, who always seems to obey manners and rules. It is to such a degree that Mother cannot allow anyone to know that a minority has helped the family of a man who is supposed to be working for Hitler.
Therefore, we can assume again that Kotler is of a higher power than the other soldiers working with Father. Bruno is referring to a tire that you put on a car, whereas Kotler is referring to the tyre that a belt consists of. Lined up along a side wall are some old tyres. He will select one and you [Pavel] are to carry it wherever he asks you to, is that understood? He has a very harsh way of talking to people of less power and wealth, demonstrating that he may be driven by materialistic possessions and authoritative power.
The Boy in the Striped Pajamas Quotes
He says this to one of the butlers. Again scrutinizing one of less fortunate individuals. I heavily dislike Lieutenant Kotler and feel as if he portrays the typical heroic saviour in the princess fairy tales that do nothing but strive for fame, whom always happen to have yellow-blond hair. There is no decency within this day and age to respect everyone and treat them like one of your own, every single one of the adults within this novel scrutinize Jews like they are a bunch of rodents needing to be exterminated.
Bruno and Gretel attain a new tutor named Herr Liszt. The tutor is not very fond of the arts or fictional literature, rather he forces Bruno to learn history and social sciences as he finds them to be the key to success. Bruno dislikes the new tutor and suggests that the tutor may have some contained rage that may erupt one day. Bruno goes out to explore and finds a blob. He later realizes that this blob is a person, a nine-year old boy who goes by the name of Shmuel. Bruno and Shmuel discuss about who they are, where they come from.
They get into discussion of them having the same birthdays, and over places they have both been to. Bruno discusses how life was back in their old house and Shmuel talks about how it was back in his old home. The chapter ends on a rather nail-biter, as Bruno asks Shmuel about life on the other side of the fence.
My hopes for this character being original and interesting died out as I read these words. All subjects were meant to educate society and were primarily used in everyday instances. Therefore, his statement about social sciences being far more important in this day and age is false, as all types of education aid the brain in its development to learn.
My instincts tell me that this man is nothing more than a submissive puppet that follows the same philosophies as the rest of Nazi Germany, including Father.
He hisses at Bruno as Bruno answers a question wrong. He feels as if Bruno is insulting him by not being able to answer these questions. This is the mentality of some teachers even to this day. The fact is, however, that teachers should be infuriated at themselves for not being able to educate the student enough that they can be knowledgeable about the subject.
Many children think of school as a building where teachers teach and at least 30 students listen. Education should be attained by anyone, no matter the size. If that mentality had gone about in the early ages then civilization would have crumbled a long time ago, and Plato, Newton, and Aristotle would all have been just simple folks waiting for their time to come.
The most poignant quotes from The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas | Children's books | The Guardian
Obviously he is not knowledgeable enough to know that these striped pajamas represent the symbol of a Jew, and in Nazi Germany, Jews were restricted from residing in most of the country. He does, however, bring up a question that no one of that time had dared to ask. Who really decides whether a person should be considered an outcast or not? All humans are made equally and therefore should be judged equally, and they should not be discriminated just because one political leader despises them and advises them to leave the country.
It saddens me that as you grow older this ideology of a career and life path lessens and eventually becomes obsolete to the individual, because of the minimal wealth and power it grants. As if to say that money and wealth are all an individual needs to become happy with his life. His reading has led him to uncover a life lesson that could only otherwise be acquired if he were to experience it himself.
Portraying that books contain vast amounts of knowledge and understanding of the world that could only otherwise be attained through experience. Throughout the book, Bruno says that he always tries to be honest, yet when he is being judged he begins to lie in order to make himself seem more adventurous.
Jewish people of that time were contained in a small camp and were not fed daily, which would explain his skinny appearance. For a boy that has not seen much of the world and has been restricted from doing so, he seems to know quite a lot about geography. It is still within Out-With however Bruno has now explored outside of Out-With, and now faces Shmuel with a fence in between both of them. This part of the book was obvious enough to guess.
The main character meets someone that helps them understand more about the world and then later on becomes their best friend. The interesting part of this section of the book was Boyne decided to block any physical interaction between the characters by using a fence.
Boyne could have easily made it so that one of the boy climbed over the fence or even dug a whole big enough that one of the boys could cross over. Yet, Boyne allows the fence to continue on and barricade Shmuel inside the camp. Henceforth, this chapter brings a big ambiguity over why Boyne decided to restrict and maintain their relationship through a fence?
What does the fence signify? Bruno talks about what happened just before they came to Out- With. So, it is confirmed that Father works for Hitler as a commandant. Henceforth, this preparation for dinner is for Adolf Hitler himself.
They went over what they were going to eat, what they were going to wear, and even what they would do. Bruno finds the woman to be spectacular and an idol but despises Hitler, as if he was just an arrogant brat in one of his classes. The dinner ends splendidly and Hitler says that Father has a good future ahead of him which made Father especially pleased with how the dinner turned out. This chapter was short, as it only consisted of Bruno and Shmuel talking in front of the fence.
They discussed of how their lives were before they moved into their new homes Shmuel being stripped away from his home. Then Bruno added how Father also has a symbol, which is most likely to be the Nazi symbol. After the conversation the boys went back for supper, and Shmuel went back to the camp grounds.
As a commandant he has to follow orders and obey rules to maintain his position. This type of work habit follows him into his home and is implied into his family life. This career-orientated life style that Father has going on may result in a divorce between Father and Mother, which would in turn cause Bruno to lose his innocence.
The ellipsis allows the rest of the sentence to be determined by the reader, but the assumption with them being present during Nazi German is that he was referring to being treated as a Jew. No matter what she does or believes, Mother always seems to get the job done. Henceforth, I believe that Mother will convince Father to finally go back to Berlin and pursue another career.
Inviting himself to dinner only states two things about The Fury. Firstly, he was not taught any manners while growing up or he chose not to follow societal manners. Secondly, he must have great authority and power over Father if he could make Father cancel his plans for the day and almost command Father to have dinner prepared for him.
It becomes even more apparent that The Fury is Hitler, due to his distaste of other cultures. He believes that German race is superior and therefore believes that German is the only language anyone would and should want to speak.
- The Boy In the Striped Pajamas (Movie Tie-in Edition) Reader’s Guide
The Fury does not open the door for his companion; rather he feels that it is necessary to read the news instead. Is age so pertinent in knowledge? Gretel only showed off because she knew she was older than Bruno and therefore felt as if she should make it evident to The Fury and everyone else.
Although she is one of the very few characters that have manners, she is easily deceived by not only the media but also by her elders.
Gretel has always had this notion in her mind that age is everything, especially knowledge. Whenever she had a debate with Bruno, she would always try to outsmart him to show her superior knowledge and would thank her age for being the reason for this knowledge.
Being jealous of attention is very common for girls of this age, it portrays her pubescence. Furthermore, this jealousy also displays her insecurity issues and how it may become a problem for her self-esteem down the line. This insecurity may also result in harming Bruno further down in the future. He was deemed to be a little ill-mannered boy stuck in the body of an adult.
Bruno determines the despicable qualities of Lieutenant Kotler and wishes he could fight him. This chapter, however, mainly focuses on Bruno and Shmuel. Bruno decides to give Shmuel some freshly cut chicken, but Kotler arrives at the scene a couple minutes later. He suspects that Shmuel stole and asks Bruno if he knows Shmuel. Bruno says that he has never seen nor talked to Shmuel in his life. Bruno feels ashamed and embarrassed for his actions; he later heads to the fence to apologize.
Lieutenant Kotler also departures from Out-With, no reason was given but Bruno had identified that Mother and Father were fighting on the day of his departure. Bruno wishes he can play with Shmuel and looks for guidance on this issue, so he discretely asks Gretel.
Mother walks in after being awoken from her nap, she notices that both Gretel and Bruno have lice. Bruno now looks like Shmuel. This is the first time we see Bruno worried about anything or anyone.
This is a key section of the book as the reader is shown the bildungsroman of Bruno. This new found sarcastic tone also portrays that he may be maturing, or he may have just picked it up from Gretel, who has been using sarcasm to allow herself to believe that she is much more mature than her age.
Is she secretly having an affair with Kotler? Is it safe to believe anything else she says? I have suspicions that she is secretly cheating on Father and feels the need to because she cannot deal with the actions of Father and his decision on staying here.
He killed a dog just because it barked, this makes the reader wonder about what he does to the Jews in the concentration camp.
You can easily confirm from the grunt that Kotler does not prefer to hear the name of English people.
Presumably, he has the same views as Hitler and feels as if Germans are the perfect race, and all others are inferior and must be exterminated immediately. She had hung up maps in place of her dolls. Gretel is becoming more aware of the bigger picture, and what is really going on. She learns more and more about the real world and about their own home. She learns that the real pronunciation of the place is Auschwitz.
If you go to the analysis of the first couple of chapters, you will see that she pronounces it as Out-With, showing visible signs of her innocence being stripped away by the cruel world. Why are Jews called Jews and Germans called Germans when they all co-exist on the same planet and were born in the same way? I despised Bruno in this section as he should have stood up for Shmuel. However, I can also tell from his point of view that it would have turned out badly for the both of them if say Bruno had told Kotler that he gave Shmuel the chicken.
These were quite interesting chapters, especially with both children getting lice. This may entail that Bruno will soon go over to the other side of the fence. Mother and Father have a fight over how she would like it if the whole family were to go home to Berlin. Father decides to sit down with the kids and ask for their input, Bruno almost blurts out that he was in contact with one of the striped pajama children.
Bruno quickly recovers and says that he has only seen them through the window. Father makes up his mind and decides and Gretel, Bruno, and Mother will all head back to Berlin. Shmuel does not show up at their usual meeting place for a few days, and Bruno is worried that he will have to leave Out-With without saying good-bye. Finally, on the third day, Shmuel is there again at the fence, he tells Bruno that his father is missing. Bruno proposes that there must be a simple explanation, but he cannot think of what it might be.
He offers to ask Father about the situation, but Shmuel says that this would not be a good idea because the soldiers hate the people on his side of the fence.
After a long, uncomfortable silence, Bruno changes the subject, telling Shmuel that he is going back to Berlin. The two boys decide that for their last adventure, Bruno will go under the fence and Shmuel will bring him striped clothing to wear so he can visit the camp site.
At first he was reluctant of change and everything that was happening around him. Instead of being nasty to her little brother all the time, she begins to lighten the tone and allow Bruno to have some breathing room. These two chapters were quite short as it just detailed where the characters were going in a few days and how Bruno and Shmuel are going to have an adventure soon.
There is not much to say about these two chapters, but I am excited as to how their adventure will turn out. Who do you think teaches Bruno the difference between right and wrong?
How do you know? His mother is the one that teaches him modals mostly, how to behave with others not to judge. Would you say that Bruno's father is a bad man? Use the text for evidence. He is not bad in some way he was looking to help the greater good Germany by making it better and he truly believed that Jews made it worse, he was looking to help since he was taught that Jews were the only cause of Germany losing the first world war.
Does anyone try to explain to Bruno why Jewish people are put in concentration camps? Point to evidence in the text. You have nothing whatsoever in common with them. When Bruno is forced to leave Berlin in The Boy in the Striped Pajamas, one of his main complaints is that he also must leave his three best friends.
To make matters worse, when he gets to the new house in Auschwitz, there are no other families or children around. Ugh—so long, social life. When he meets Shmuel, though, a kid on the other side of the fence, it's the beginning of a beautiful—albeit short-lived—friendship.
Despite their many differences, these two form a bond that transcends race, and even fences—so much so, that when asked if he still wants to go back to Berlin, Bruno confidently says no. In a world governed by hatred, Bruno and Shmuel show that friendship can thrive even in darkness. Questions About Friendship 1.
What is Bruno's first reaction to Shmuel? How does his understanding of Shmuel change over time? What do Bruno and Shmuel have in common?
What is different about them? The main difference is their living condition in which the two boys live, Bruno is privileged by being German, has everything he needs and more but Shmuel being Jewish has less than what a little boy would need to survive 3. Do you think Bruno would be friends with Shmuel if there were children on his side of the fence? Probably, since Bruno likes exploring and does it with his friends they would see the fence and want to go there where they would meet Shmuel and because he is very friendly, as described in the book, they would be friends.
Why do you think Gretel is okay with not having any friends? What makes her different from Bruno in that sense? She appreciates spending time with herself. Bruno being younger likes to knows new things, explore but not alone. Both are in places they were forced to go to, and both can't leave. Of course, the gigantic difference is that Shmuel is in a concentration camp and Bruno is in a house.
Shmuel is drastically confined—first to his house, then to a shared room, then a train, and eventually in Auschwitz. Bruno, however, has the freedom to walk out of his house when he wants and does not fear for his life. In their confinement, though, both boys struggle with loneliness.
And in the unlikely friendship they form, they both find a bit of freedom from their isolation. Now if you'll excuse us, someone must be cutting onions in the vicinity. Questions about Freedom and Confinement 1.
How does Bruno's confinement in Auschwitz differ from that of Shmuel's? Don't limit yourself to physical differences—use the text to dig into emotional and psychological differences, too. Bruno lives in a big house even though he disagrees with food, people working for him and his family all together.
Bruno at the beginning of the story is sad about the fact he is alone and so is Shmuel, but Bruno is unable to understand what really is happening When he hears Shmuel talk about being forced to leave his home and come to Out-With, he makes a comparison of his own about being forced to leave his home. There must be something else in your wardrobe.
Would you say that Bruno lives in a sort of prison? What do you make of Bruno giving up his freedom to join Shmuel on his side of the fence? What is the author trying to say with this? Do you believe Shmuel ever has a chance at freedom? We could say that he is finally free when he goes to heaven after dying. And yet, when it comes to Bruno, our main character, there's only one instance in which he confronts mortality: While warfare isn't particularly visible on Bruno's side of the fence, on Shmuel's side, it's a totally different story.
Shmuel's mother's "taken away," his grandfather "disappears," and then one day, his father doesn't come back from work. When your entire people are systematically under attack, it's safe to say that war is being waged against you—which is exactly the case for Shmuel and the other prisoners held in Auschwitz.
Questions About Warfare The Holocaust 1. How are the boys and men described who live on the other side of the fence? How about on Bruno's side? Where can you see the impact of war in both populations?
When Bruno meets Shmuel, he describes him as dirty and sad. A lot of people live together on the other side of the fence. How do we first find out that Shmuel and his family are Jewish? What is Bruno's reaction if any? The first time he finds out this was when Shmuel decided to tell him his experience on how they got to the concentration camp. Why do you think Boyne decides to include images of the Star of David and the Swastika in the novel?
For the readers to understand that these signs even though seemed similar to Bruno, meant something really different. One being the Nazi sign and the other the Jewish sign. This way visualizing the story and the main difference between the two boys is easier to see. Bruno is technically nine years old… but how old does he seem to you? How do you think Boyne does when it comes to representing the voice of a kid?
How about for Gretel's character? In my opinion he seems younger, he is as innocent as a nine-year-old not seeing any bad in anyone but knows too little about what is happening around him, about the war or the discrimination. Why do you think Bruno doesn't understand what his father does?
Is it because he never asks, or because his parents lie to him? He does ask what is happening but never is explained. How does Bruno's mother feel about moving from Berlin to Auschwitz? Point to examples in the text. She is sad and very upset. How do Bruno's grandparents' attitudes about his father's promotion and subsequent move to Auschwitz compare?
The most poignant quotes from The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas
They have a very different point of view about Herr the father being a soldier 5. Do you think it's possible for him to not know anything about the concentration camps, Hitler, and Jewish people? Yes, he is old enough to understand at least some of the events happening. Why do you think Boyne calls the novel a fable? What about the story makes it a fable?