Phidias, sculptor of the statue of Zeus
Phidias (): Biography of Greek High Classical Sculptor Famous for Athena foot statue of the goddess Athena at the Parthenon, Athens and his colossal Zeus Under Pericles, Phidias received several sculpture commissions in BCE to And it was eventually, as a result of this close relationship, that Phidias is. As a friend of Pericles, Phidias was made responsible as general of Phidias, his relationship with Pericles, and his Athena sculpture in The Temple of Zeus was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. PHIDIAS c - c BC Greek Sculptor Phidias was considered the greatest of His statue of Zeus in Olympia was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. He became a friend and adviser to Pericles and helped him to beautify Athens he disappeared from Athens, presumably into exile. www link: Biography.
It was made of wood covered with gold with marble hands and feet. This statue was an order of the city of Plataea. Between and BC, he made two bronze statues which were placed on the Acropolis, a 9m high statue called The Athena Promachos BCof which, Pausanias says, "the navigators on Cape Sounion could distinguish the point of the spear and the egret of the helmet, "and the Athena Lemnia. At the age of 43 BC Pericles confided to him the decoration of the Parthenon, the pediments and the execution of the chryselphantine statue of the naos of Athena Parthenos, which measured Phidias worked at this statue from tonearly nine years.
It is this technique of assembling gold leaves and ivory pieces to make colossal statues that will make Phidias a sculptor admired by all. Alas for his friendship with Pericles, he was accused in of having diverted some of the gold and ivory destined for the statue. It is important at this stage in its history to indicate that the chronological order between the realization of the statue of Athena and that of Zeus is not fixed, the specialists contradicting sometimes.
As a result, Phidias did not know exactly how long Phidias worked at Olympia. A serious hypothesis indicates that Phidias would never have fled from Athens, but would have been consecrated at the inauguration of the Parthenon, which enabled him to obtain various proposals, including those of the Eleans at Olympia.
Another element is that Phidias would have made the statue after that of Athena: On the statue of Zeus there is a personage who is, according to Pausanias, Pantarkes. Pantarkes won the wrestling contest during the 86th Olympiad " BC. End of life and tributes Finally to finish with Phidias it is necessary to know that its workshop was discovered, archaeologically speaking, on the site of Olympia. Objects have been found but do not yet specify the dates on which they were used.
This painting was originally commissioned for a ceiling of the Charles X Museum This painting was initially commissioned for a ceiling of the Charles X Museum It shows Homer deified surrounded by artists of Greek antiquity. This is not uncommon. Almost all classical Greek paintings and sculptures have been destroyed, and only Roman copies or notes of them exist, like the passages of Plato that ascribe Phidias' works to him.
Phidias | Biography, Works, & Facts | az-links.info
The ancient Romans frequently copied and further developed Greek art. In antiquity Phidias was celebrated for his statues in bronze and his chryselephantine works statues made of gold and ivory. In the Hippias MajorPlato claims that Phidias seldom, if ever, executed works in marblethough many of the sculptures of his time were executed in marble. Plutarch writes that he superintended the great works ordered by Pericles on the Acropolis. What they especially praise is the ethos or permanent moral level of his works as compared with those of the later so called "pathetic" school.
Both Pausanias and Plutarch mention works of his depicting the warlike Athena Areia. Demetrius calls his statues sublime, and at the same time precise. His first commission created a group of national heroes with Miltiades as a central figure. Pericles used some of the money from the maritime League of Delos to rebuild and decorate Athens to celebrate this victory. It is therefore possible that most of sculptural decoration of the Parthenon was the work of Phidias' workshop including pupils of Phidias, such as Alcamenes and Agoracritus.
Athena Promachos The earliest of the works of Phidias were dedications in memory of Marathoncelebrating the Greek victory.
Pericles, Phidias, and the rebirth of Athens
At Delphi he created a great group in bronze including the figures of Greek gods Apollo and Athena, several Attic heroes, and General Miltiades the Younger. On the Acropolis of Athens Phidias constructed a colossal bronze statue of Athena, the Athena Promachoswhich was visible far out at sea.
Athena was the goddess of wisdom and warriors and the protector of Athens. At Pellene in Achaeaand at Plataea Phidias made two other statues of Athena, as well as a statue of the goddess Aphrodite in ivory and gold for the people of Elis.