Dental caries is the most prevalent disease in humans, and the .. Similarly, in periodontitis no clear correlation has been shown between the. Data were collected between and All participants had Among those with severe periodontal disease, 44% had dental caries. Accordingly, in The relation was stronger when periodontal disease was severe. Copyright © Among those with severe periodontal disease, 44% had dental caries. Accordingly The relation was stronger when periodontal disease was severe. Previous.
There was no significant difference in caries experience in both groups. Conclusion Tobacco consumption, lack of dental visits and infrequent brushing are significantly associated with increased risk of oral cancer. There seems to be no association between dental caries and OSCC. However, periodontal disease experience is directly proportional to OSCC. Increased pathogenic flora may produce carcinogenic metabolites or post-operative infections. Oral cancer, Oral hygiene, Missing teeth, Dental caries, Periodontal disease, Microflora Introduction Oral cancer is an important health issue.
Periodontitis and dental caries occur together.
Globally, it is one of the 10 most common cancers [ 1 ]. Tobacco use and alcohol consumption are the major risk factors for the cancer of oral cavity, pharynx, larynx and esophagus [ 4 ]. Also, a small percentage of patients develop OSCC in the absence of exposure to tobacco and alcohol and without any obvious predisposing genetic defect, suggesting the existence of other risk factors in oral carcinogenesis, such as the presence of infectious agents [ 5 ].
Although viral infections have been associated with carcinogenesis, the evidence for a connection between bacterial infections and carcinogenesis is also convincing [ 6 ].
Besides tobacco and alcohol, little is known about the etiology of oral cancer. Oral cancer has been associated with both tooth loss and poor oral hygiene in a number of studies, independent of age, tobacco and alcohol consumption. Infections such as periodontal diseases may play a key role in the etiology of oral cancer. Several studies have reported associations between periodontal disease or tooth loss and risk of oral, upper gastrointestinal, lung, and pancreatic cancer in different populations.
The individuals with CP also showed high prevalence of periodontal alteration [ 1014151617 ], related to factors arising from the injury in the nervous system, such as mental deficiency [ 1617 ] and orofacial motor dysfunction [ 18 ], which may hinder daily oral hygiene and hence increase dental biofilm formation. The literature has studies conducted with CP individuals which analyze the association of dental caries and periodontal alteration with demographic [ 121520 ], socioeconomic [ 15 ], systemic [ 111218 ] and behavioral [ 4121520 ] factors, but no evaluation of aspects related to perception, dental service access and communication has been found.Perio Lecture Ch 6 Part 2 Oral Biofilms and Periodontal Infection
Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with dental caries and periodontal alterations in children and adolescents with CP. Materials and Method 2. This institution offers therapeutic and educational activities and social integration to these individuals.
The refusal to participate in the study and non-attendance for clinical examination after three successive attempts was considered a loss.
Eligibility Criteria The study included children and adolescents between two and 18 years old with CP and their caregivers.
All individuals included in present study had a clinical medical diagnosis of cerebral palsy—G80 International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th, ICD [ 22 ]. Caregivers were considered as individuals of 18 years old or above, who were responsible for making decisions and daily activities of these people with CP [ 11 ].
Children and adolescents whose caregivers had been in this occupation for less than three months were excluded. Calibration and Training Process The calibration process involved two stages: A dental surgeon and a gold standard specialized in Pediatric Dentistry participated in the process. During the theoretical activities, the diagnostic criteria for dental caries and periodontal alterations were discussed [ 23 ].
Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease in Brazilian Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy
Inclusion criterion Subjects who were willing to participate and completed 12 years of age were included in the study Children who have fully erupted permanent dentition. Exclusion criterion Subjects for whom consent was not obtained from the parents Subjects who are undergoing or undergone orthodontic treatment or having mixed or retained or supernumerary dentition.
Training and calibration of examiners All the clinical examinations were carried out by a single examiner who was accompanied by the recording clerk, trained and calibrated by "experienced staff" in the Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry prior to the study. The adequate numbers of instrument sets were carried to the survey site to ensure that all the instruments were used once only. Proper sterilization and infection control measures were taken.
Study area The study was carried in five schools in four different areas of Mathura city namely Chhatikara, Charora, Krishna Nagar and Goverdhan.
The school children were examined in the room of the school where sufficient natural daylight was available. The data were gathered using proforma and the examiner carried out clinical examination of the subjects and details were clearly recorded by the recorder.
- Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease in Brazilian Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy
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The proforma included the following sections: Statistical analysis The data collected were retrieved and entered in the Microsoft Word Excel Sheet version and the data obtained were analyzed using the SPSS This was done to test whether the statistical analysis will be amenable for the data or not.
Significance for all statistical tests was predetermined at a P value of 0. Results An epidemiological survey was conducted to assess the prevalence of dental caries, periodontitis and oral hygiene status in relation to normal occlusion and malocclusion of year-old school children in Mathura city.
Community Periodontal Index From a total of study subjects, 68 subjects were having healthy periodontium, 2 subjects were having bleeding on probing and 30 subjects were having calculus, respectively.