Chinese art - Wikipedia
The difference is that art is now firmly recognized as high culture, . The importance of mass art and mass culture today is based upon this technology. .. As has a similar tradition in Japan, and most probably in China and. Chinese art is visual art that, whether ancient or modern, originated in or is practiced in China or by Chinese artists. The Chinese art in the Republic of China (Taiwan) and that of overseas .. Early forms of art in China are found in the Neolithic Yangshao culture, which dates back to the 6th millennium BC. Archeological. The Culture of China (Chinese: 中國文化) is home to one of the world's oldest . is a reminder of the connection between real-life and the next-life. . Chinese art encompasses all facets of fine art, folk art and performance art.
The Chinese painter uses essentially the same materials as the calligrapher—brush, inkand silk or paper —and the Chinese judge his work by the same criteria they use for the calligrapher, basically the vitality and expressiveness of the brush stroke itself and the harmonious rhythm of the whole composition.
Painting in China is, therefore, essentially a linear art. The painters of most periods were not concerned with striving for originality or conveying a sense of reality and three-dimensional mass through aids such as shading and perspective ; rather, they focused on using silk or paper to transmit, through the rhythmic movement of the brush stroke, an awareness of the inner life of things.
The aesthetics of line in calligraphy and painting have had a significant influence on the other arts in China. For more information about Chinese calligraphy, see Chinese calligraphy. Characteristic themes and symbols In early times Chinese art often served as a means to submit to the will of heaven through ritual and sacrifice.
Archaic bronze vessels were made for sacrifices to heaven and to the spirits of clan ancestors, who were believed to influence the living for good if the rites were properly and regularly performed. For more information on ritual bronzes, see metalwork ; Chinese bronzes. Chinese society, basically agricultural, has always laid great stress on understanding the pattern of nature and living in accordance with it.
It was considered to be variously a covetous man banished to guard a corner of heaven against evil monsters; or a monster equipped with only a head which tries to devour men but hurts only itself. The function and appearance of bronzes changed gradually from the Shang to the Zhou. They shifted from been used in religious rites to more practical purposes.
By the Warring States periodbronze vessels had become objects of aesthetic enjoyment.
Chinese culture - Wikipedia
Some were decorated with social scenes, such as from a banquet or hunt; whilst others displayed abstract patterns inlaid with gold, silver, or precious and semiprecious stones. Bronze artifacts also have significant meaning and roles in Han Dynasty as well.
People used them for funerary purposes which reflect the aesthetic and artistic qualities of Han Dynasty. Many novels such as Four Great Classical Novels spawned countless fictional stories. By the end of the Qing Dynasty, Chinese culture would embark on a new era with Vernacular Chinese for the common citizens. Hu Shih and Lu Xun would be pioneers in modern literature.
Arts A Tang Dynasty tri-color Chinese glazed horse c. Different forms of art have swayed under the influence of great philosophers, teachers, religious figures and even political figures. Chinese art encompasses all facets of fine art, folk art and performance art. Porcelain pottery was one of the first form of art in the Palaeolithic period. Chinese painting became a highly appreciated art in court circles encompassing a wide variety of Shan shui with specialized styles such as Ming Dynasty painting.
Early Chinese music was based on percussion instruments, which later gave away to string and reed instruments.
By the Han dynasty paper cutting became a new art form after the invention of paper. Chinese opera would also be introduced and branched regionally in additional to other performance formats such as variety arts.
Chinese martial arts and List of Chinese martial arts China is the original birth place of Eastern martial arts. The names of martial arts were called Kung Fu or its first name Wushu.
China also includes the home to the well-respected Shaolin Monastery and Wudang Mountains. The first generation of art started more for the purpose of survival and warfare than art. Overtime, some art forms have branched off, while others have retained a distinct Chinese flavor.
Regardless, China has brewed some of the most renowned martial artists including Wong Fei Hung and many others. The art have also co-existed with a variety of weapons including the more standard 18 arms.
Legendary and controversial moves like Dim Mak are also praised and talked about within the culture. Fashion Different social class in different time eras boast different fashion trends.
China's fashion history covers thousands of years with some of the most colorful and diverse arrangements. Fashionable but questionable practices such as footbinding have also been part of the culture.
Many symbols such as phoenix have been used for decorative as well as political purposes. Chinese architecture Chinese architecture, examples of which can be found from over 2, years ago, has long been a hallmark of the culture.
There are certain features common to Chinese architecture, regardless of specific region or use. The most important is its emphasis on width, as the wide halls of the Forbidden City serve as an example. In contrast, western architecture emphasize on height, though there are exceptions such as pagodas. Another important feature is symmetry, which connotes a sense of grandeur as it applies to everything from palaces to farmhouses.
One notable exception is in the design of gardens, which tends to be as asymmetrical as possible. Like Chinese scroll paintings, the principle underlying the garden's composition is to create enduring flow, to let the patron wander and enjoy the garden without prescription, as in nature herself.
Feng shui has played an important part in structural development. Cuisine Chinese meal in Suzhou with rice, shrimpeggplantfermented tofu, vegetable stir-fry, vegetarian duck with meat and bamboo The overwhelmingly large variety mainly comes from the emperors hosting a banquet of dishes each meal  Countless number of imperial kitchen staff and concubines were involved in the food preparation process.
Over time, many dishes became part of the everyday citizen culture. Some of the highest quality restaurants with recipes close to the dynastic periods include Fangshan restaurant in Beihai Park Beijing and the Oriole Pavilion . Arguably all branches of Hong Kong eastern style or even American Chinese food are in some ways rooted from the original dynastic cuisines.
Leisure A number of games and past-times are popular within Chinese culture. The most common game is Mah Jong. The same pieces are used for other styled games such as Shanghai Solitaire. Others include Pai Gow, Pai gow poker, and other bone domino games.