Essay on Relationship between Technology and Society – Technology and The industrial revolution, which produced enormous social change, was based to a great He even tried to explain specific social or historical events in terms of. which spring all other subsidiary issues: Does technology shape society or vice versa? What is the role of the social in the process of technological change?. Category: Sociology; Title: Technology and Social Change. Today, Americans are faced with the increasing change of technology in our everyday life. In this chapter, the author explores the relationship of changing technology to changes in both the environment and social institutions. What are social institutions?.
Technology and Social Change
F Ogburn says technology changes society by changing our environments to which we in turn adapt. This change is usually in the material environment and the adjustment that we make with these changes often modifies customs and social institutions.
Technology has contributed to the growth of industries or to the process of industrialization. Industrialization is a term covering in general terms the growth in a society hitherto mainly agrarian of modern industry with all its circumstances and problems, economic and social. It describes in general term the growth of a society in which a major role is played by manufacturing industry. The Industrial Revolution of 18th century led to the unprecedented growth of industries.
life, work, pleasure Relationship between technology and society
Industrialization is associated with the factory system of production. The family has lost its economic importance. The factories have brought down the prices of commodities, improved their quality and maximized their output.
The whole process of production is mechanized. Consequently the traditional skills have declined and good number of artisans has lost their work. Huge factories could provide employment opportunities to thousands of people. Hence men have become workers in a very large number. The process of industrialization has affected the nature, character and the growth of economy.
It has contributed to the growth of cities or to the process of urbanization.
In many countries the growth of industries has contributed to the growth of cities. Urbanization denotes a diffusion of the influence of urban centers to a rural hinterland. Urbanization can be described as a process of becoming urban moving to cities changing from agriculture to other pursuits common to cities and corresponding change of behavior patterns. Hence only when a large proportion of inhabitants in an area come to cities urbanization is said to occur.
Urbanization has become a world phenomenon today. An unprecedented growth has taken place not only in the number of great cities but also in their size.
As a result of industrialization people have started moving towards the industrial areas in search of employment. Due to this the industrial areas developed into towns and cities.
Modernization is a process that indicates the adoption of the modern ways of life and values. It refers to an attempt on the part of the people particularly those who are custom-bound to adapt themselves to the present-time, conditions, needs, styles and ways in general. It indicates a change in people's food habits, dress habits, speaking styles, tastes, choices, preferences, ideas, values, recreational activities and so on.
- Impact of Technology Change on Society
People in the process of getting modernized give more importance to science and technology. The scientific and technological inventions have modernized societies in various countries.
Tecnology and Society, Impact of Technology Change in Society
They have brought about remarkable changes in the whole system of social relationship and installed new ideologies in the place of traditional ones. Development of the means of transport and communication: Development of transport and communication has led to the national and international trade on a large scale.
The road transport, the train service, the ships and the airplanes have eased the movement of men and material goods. Post and telegraph, radio and television, newspapers and magazines, telephone and wireless and the like have developed a great deal.
The space research and the launching of the satellites for communication purposes have further added to these developments. They have helped the people belonging to different corners of the nation or the world to have regular contacts. Transformation in the economy and the evolution of the new social classes: The introduction of the factory system of production has turned the agricultural economy into industrial economy.
The industrial or the capitalist economy has divided the social organization into two predominant classes-the capitalist class and the working class. This procedure is useful when the woman has blocked fallopian tubes. In this procedure, fertilization takes place inside the woman's body rather than outside. To date, couples in the United States have produced over 20, babies using alternatives such as these. Some couples or individuals decide that adopting a child represents the best way of dealing with infertility.
Others elect to utilize the services of a surrogate mother—a woman who contracts with a couple to carry their fetus to full term, deliver it, and adopt it to the couple. A physician may artificially inseminate the surrogate with the man's sperm or implant an in vitro fertilized egg into her uterus.
Either way, the procedure remains controversial, given the many potential ethical, legal, and moral issues it raises. For example, questions of legal, moral, and biological parenthood can give rise to long and complicated custody proceedings. Similar to surrogate motherhood, and also controversial, is carrier implantation. The procedure involves implanting a fertilized egg into a relative's uterus. Because a relative carries the fetus to term, the woman or couple avoids the expense and hassle of hiring a surrogate mother.
Physicians have now successfully implanted embryos into women in their 50s, following hormone therapy to reverse the effects of menopause. Sex preselection techniques designed to help a couple choose the gender of their unborn child have also proven controversial.