Open relationship - Wikipedia
Open marriage is a form of non-monogamy in which the partners of a dyadic marriage agree For example, Hunt defined open marriage specifically as swinging couples difference in the risk of divorce for couples in open marriages and couples in .. Nikah Ijtimah · Polygamy in Christianity · Polygamy in North America. Polygamy. Alongside (and even predating) monogamy, cultures throughout the The most common form of open relationship is that of a married or long-term A couple practicing this relationship type might engage in sexual activity with the it is difficult to pin down an exact definition of relationship anarchy (RA), but two. Open relationships are one of those concepts that can inspire confusion. To start, they are not the same thing as polygamy (that's when you have in a range of ways: Some couples only have sex with other people, others.
Swinging is motivated by a desire for physical gratification by engaging in sexual activities with extramarital partners. The distinction between polyamory and swinging applies to open marriages.
Delineation of polyamory and swinging has appeared in academic literature,     popular media,   and Web sites devoted respectively to polyamory   and to swinging.
A polyamorous style of open marriage emphasizes the expansion of loving relationships by developing emotional attachments to extramarital partners. A swinging style of open marriage emphasizes physical gratification by engaging in recreational sex with extramarital partners.
Psychological basis[ edit ] The preference for a polyamorous versus a swinging style of open marriage may depend on many psychological factors. One factor may be sociosexuality an individual's willingness to engage in sexual behavior without having emotional ties to the sex partner. Individuals who are very willing to engage in sexual behavior without emotional ties are said to have unrestricted sociosexuality.
Individuals who are very unwilling to engage in sexual behavior without emotional ties are said to have restricted sociosexuality. Individuals can vary along a continuum from unrestricted to restricted sociosexuality. Community implications[ edit ] Couples with different styles of open marriage tend to self-segregate in order to find others who share similar philosophies and interests, which has likely contributed to the development of separate polyamory and swinging communities.
These offer informational resources and support, even if a given couple in an open marriage cannot see themselves joining either community. Some couples may not have a strong preference for either style of open marriage, feeling equally at home either community. The partners within a couple may differ in their respective preferences.
One partner may prefer a polyamorous style of open marriage and participate in the Polyamory community, while the other partner may prefer a swinging style of open marriage and participate in the swinging community.
Terminology within polyamory - Wikipedia
Variations in couple preferences and individual preferences thus can result in overlap between the polyamory and swinging communities. Acceptance[ edit ] Evidence of disapproval[ edit ] Surveys show consistently high disapproval of extramarital sex. Hunt briefly mentions three surveys conducted in the s in which large majorities disapproved of extramarital sex under any conditions see page of his book Sexual Behavior in the s.
Widmer, Treas, and Newcomb surveyed over 33, people in 24 nations and found 85 percent of people believed extramarital sex was "always" or "nearly always" wrong. Much of that disapproval is attributed to "religious and moral reasons. In a national study of several hundred women and men, Hunt reported that around 75 percent of women and over 60 percent of men agreed with the statement "Mate-swapping is wrong. The evidence thus shows strong social disapproval of open marriage.
Very large majorities of people in Western societies disapprove of extramarital sex in general, and substantial majorities feel open marriage is wrong even when the spouses agree to it.
Nine out of ten people say they would never consider open marriage for themselves. Religious objections[ edit ] Some critics object to open marriages on the ground that open marriages violate religious principles. Generally, non-monogamous people tend not to be very religious. A review observed that, across the various studies, most swingers approximately two-thirds claimed to have no religious affiliation. A study found that 33 percent of male swingers and 10 percent of female swingers claimed to actively fear this risk.
Open marriage - Wikipedia
However, the percentage of people in open marriages who practice safer sex remains disputed. Anecdotal observations range from claiming no one at a swing event practiced safer sex to claiming everyone at an event practiced safer sex. The two most frequently mentioned changes were being more selective with whom they swung and practicing safer sex e. Finally, one third said that they had not changed any of their habits, and, of these respondents, more than a third said nothing, not even AIDS, would get them to change.
Many people are not aware they are infected, and no outwards signs of infection may be visible. One psychological study suggests people may not be particularly good at detecting lies about HIV status.
These concerns do not apply to open marriage alone, which would affect only 1 to 6 percent of the married population. Though most Westerners claim to be monogamousa it is more precise to say that they are serially monogamous.
Psychological concerns[ edit ] Several authors consider open marriages to be psychologically damaging. They claim sexual non-monogamy proves too difficult for most couples to manage, and their relationships suffer as a consequence. This disrupts couples' sense of security in their relationships and interferes with their sense of intimacy. Consequently, these authors view open marriage as a "failed" lifestyle. In fact, the impact of open marriage varies across couples.
Some couples report high levels of satisfaction and enjoy long-lasting open marriages. These couples may continue to view open marriage as a valid lifestyle for others, but not for themselves.
Discuss and resolve this issue before removing this message. Bennett responded by saying that her party is "open" to discussion on the idea of civil partnership or marriages between three people.
While openly polyamorous relationships are relatively rare Rubin,there are indications that private polyamorous arrangements within relationships are actually quite common.
The first sample was of exclusively monogamous individuals who were not told the nature of what was being studied, and found that those with greater discomfort with emotional closeness tended to view CNM more positively as well as being more willing to engage in it but had not actually engaged in it. The authors theorized this was "because these relationships promote distance from their partners and support their accepting attitudes toward uncommitted and casual sex". Individuals with high attachment anxiety tended to view CNM negatively, but no correlation was found regarding willingness to engage in it.
The second sample was a targeted recruitment of individuals currently engaged in CNM relationships. This sample showed low levels of attachment avoidance, and no correlation related to attachment anxiety. The lack of correlation with anxiety in either sample with regards to willingness or actual engagement suggested it may have little impact on the matter.
The large disparity in attachment avoidance between those willing to engage in CNM and those that actually engage in it could not be fully explained within the context of the study, but the authors offer several hypotheses. Why is it important that we talk about alternatives to monogamy now? How can therapists prepare to work with people who are exploring polyamory? What basic understandings about polyamory are needed? What key issues do therapists need to watch for in the course of working with polyamorous clients?
Its conclusions were that "Sweeping changes are occurring in the sexual and relational landscape" including "dissatisfaction with limitations of serial monogamy, i. The paper also states that the configurations a therapist would be "most likely to see in practice" are individuals involved in primary-plus arrangements, monogamous couples wishing to explore non-monogamy for the first time, and "poly singles".
The couple has an established reservoir of good will. There is a minimum of lingering resentments from past hurts and betrayals. The partners are feeling similarly powerful and autonomous. Green and Mitchell stated that direct discussion of the following issues can provide the basis for honest and important conversations: According to Shernoff,  if the matter is discussed with a third party, such as a therapist, the task of the therapist is to "engage couples in conversations that let them decide for themselves whether sexual exclusivity or nonexclusivity is functional or dysfunctional for the relationship.
Morin and Fleckenstein noted that certain conditions are favorable to good experiences with polyamory, but that these differ from the general population.
Unequal power dynamics, such as financial dependence, can also inappropriately influence a person to agree to a polyamorous relationship against their true desires. Even in more equal power dynamic relationships, the reluctant partner may feel coerced into a proposed non-monogamous arrangement due to the implication that if they refuse, the proposer will pursue other partners anyway, will break off the relationship, or that the one refusing will be accused of intolerance.
A significant number of studies rely on small samplesoften recruited from referrals, snowball samplingand websites devoted to polyamory. Individuals recruited this way tend to be relative homogeneous in terms of values, beliefs and demographics, which limits the generalizability of the findings. Generally, self-reports of the degree of well-being and relationship satisfaction over time are flawed, and are often based on belief rather than actual experience. One common complaint from participants is time management, as more partners means one must divide one's time and attention up between them, leaving less for each.
These include a parrot a pun, as "Polly" is a common name for domesticated parrots    and the infinity heart.
The "infinity heart" symbol has appeared on pins, T-shirts, bumper stickers and other media. In the center of the flag is a gold Greek lowercase letter 'pi', as the first letter of 'polyamory'. Gold represents "the value that we place on the emotional attachment to others Even though having a serious commitment with one partner is common, negotiating the time spent among all partners is still important.
Although the desire to give an unlimited amount of love, energy, and emotion to others is common, the limited amount of time in a day limits the actual time spent with each partner. Some find that if they cannot evenly distribute their time, they forego a partner. Swinging sexual practice Swinging is a form of open relationship in which the partners in a committed relationship engage in sexual activities with others at the same time.
Swingers may regard the practice as a recreational or social activity   that adds variety or excitement into their otherwise conventional sex lives or for curiosity.
Swingers who engage in casual sex maintain that sex among swingers is often more frank and deliberative and therefore more honest than infidelity. Some couples see swinging as a healthy outlet and means to strengthen their relationship.
Swinging can take place in various contexts, including spontaneous sexual activity involving partner swapping at an informal social gathering of friends, a formal swinger party or partner-swapping party, and a regular gathering in a sex club or swinger club or residence. Polyamory Polyamory is the practice, desire, or acceptance of having more than one intimate relationship at a time with the knowledge and consent of everyone involved.
While "open relationship" is sometimes used as a synonym for "polyamory" or "polyamorous relationship", the terms are not synonymous. The "open" in "open relationship" refers to the sexual aspect of a relationship, whereas "polyamory" refers to allowing bonds to form which may be sexual or otherwise as additional long-term relationships.