U.S. Senate: Constitutional Qualifications for Senator
What three requirements must be met in order to be Senator? 1) The citizens of the U.S.A. with not less than 30 years of age can contest election to the senate. Why are these requirements for serving in the Senate more restrictive residency, or “inhabitancy” requirement should apply to the members of Congress. Meet the 5 Women Representing Republicans in the US Senate. In reality, there are few requirements insisted on by the Constitution. One must have U.S. citizenship for 9 years prior to running for Senate.
An exception to the two-year requirement may be made in a case where an individual is temporarily absent from the province or territory of vacancy for reasons of employment or education but can provide satisfactory proof he or she intends to return to his or her permanent residence in the province or territory of vacancy by the time of appointment to the Senate.
Merit-based criteria established by the Government Non-Partisanship Individuals must demonstrate to the Advisory Board that they have the ability to bring a perspective and contribution to the work of the Senate that is independent and non-partisan. They will also have to disclose any political involvement and activities. Past political activities would not disqualify an applicant. Personal Qualities Individuals must demonstrate outstanding personal qualities, including adhering to the principles and standards of public life, ethics, and integrity.
Individuals must demonstrate an ability to make an effective and significant contribution to the work of the Senate, not only in their chosen profession or area of expertise, but the wide range of other issues that come before the Senate. Qualifications Related to the Role of the Senate An individual must demonstrate one of the following criteria: Additional considerations Gender, Indigenous and Minority Representation Individuals will be considered with a view to achieving gender balance in the Senate.
Priority consideration will be given to applicants who represent Indigenous peoples and linguistic, minority and ethnic communities, with a view to ensuring representation of those communities in the Senate. Bilingualism Fluency in both official languages will be considered an asset.
Report a problem or mistake on this page Please select all that apply: All matters relating to banks, financial institutions, government and private currencies, capital markets, mutual funds, securitization, coinage and circulation of money.
All matters relating to the Civil Service and the status of officers and employees of the government including their appointment, discipline, retirement; their compensation privileges, benefits and incentives; implementation of the constitutional provisions on the rights of government workers to form and join labor organizations; public sector labor-management relations and collective negotiation agreements; reorganization of the government or any of its branches, agencies, subdivisions or instrumentalities; all human resource development programs pertaining to the government; and all other matters relating to the bureaucracy.
Committee on Cooperatives Jurisdiction: Committee on Cultural Communities Jurisdiction: All matters relating to cultural communities.
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Committee on Economic Affairs Jurisdiction: All matters relating to economic planning and programming; the planning of domestic and foreign indebtedness; general economic development; and coordination, regulation and diversification of industry and investments.
Committee on Education, Arts and Culture Jurisdiction: All matters relating to education, schools, colleges, universities; implementation of the provisions of the Constitution regarding the establishment of free public elementary and secondary education, scholarship grants, subsidies and incentives to deserving students; non-formal, informal, indigenous learning systems, and adult education; the preservation, enrichment and evolution of Filipino arts and culture; establishment and maintenance of libraries, museums, shrines, monuments, and other historical sites and edifices; training programs and cultural and artistic programs of international institutions and organizations operating in the Philippines, such as the UNESCO; and special commemorative events such as the observance of the centennial of Philippine Independence.
Committee on Energy Jurisdiction: All matters relating to the exploration, exploitation, development, extraction, importation, refining, transport, marketing, distribution, conservation, or storage of all forms of energy products and resources such as from fossil fuels like petroleum, coal, natural gas and gas liquids, nuclear fuel resources; geothermal resources and non-conventional, existing and potential forms of energy resources; and generation, transmission and distribution of electric power.
Committee on Environment and Natural Resources Jurisdiction: Committee on Ethics and Privileges Jurisdiction: All matters relating to the conduct, rights, privileges, safety, dignity, integrity and reputation of the Senate and its Members. Committee on Finance Jurisdiction: All matters relating to funds for the expenditures of the National Government and for the payment of public indebtedness; auditing of accounts and expenditures of the National Government; claims against the government; inter-governmental revenue sharing; and, in general, all matters relating to public expenditures.
Committee on Foreign Relations Jurisdiction: All matters relating to the relations of the Philippines with other nations generally; diplomatic and consular services; the Association of Southeast Asian Nations; the United Nations Organization and its agencies; multilateral organizations; all international agreements, obligations and contracts; and overseas Filipinos.
Committee on Games, Amusement and Sports Jurisdiction: All matters relating to games and amusement, such as lotteries, jai-alai, horse racing, dog racing, wrestling, boxing, basketball and all other sports, as well as matters relating to amateur sports development.
All questions affecting government corporations, including all amendments to their charters; the interests of the government in the different industrial and commercial enterprises; and privatization.
Committee on Health and Demography Jurisdiction: All matters relating to public health in general, medical, hospital and quarantine services; population issues, concerns, policies and programs affecting individuals and their families, their effects on national, social and economic conditions.
Committee on Justice and Human Rights Jurisdiction: All matters relating to the organization and administration of justice, civil courts, penitentiaries and reformatory schools; probation; impeachment proceedings against constitutional officers and other officers legally removable by impeachment; registration of land titles; immigration and naturalization; the implementation of the provisions of the Constitution on human rights; and all matters pertaining to the efficiency and reforms in the prosecution service.
Committee on Local Government Jurisdiction: All matters relating to autonomous regions, provinces, cities, special metropolitan political subdivisions, municipalities and barangays. Committee on National Defense and Security Jurisdiction: All matters relating to national defense and external and internal threats to national security; the Armed Forces of the Philippines; pension plans and fringe benefits of war veterans and military retirees; citizens army selective service; forts; arsenals; military bases, reservations and yards; coast, geodetic and meteorological surveys; civil defense; and military research and development.
Committee on Peace, Unification and Reconciliation Jurisdiction: All matters relating to peace, internal armed conflict resolution, political negotiation, cessation of hostilities, amnesty, rebel returnees, integration and development, national unification and reconciliation.
All matters relating to public information, mass communication and broadcast services; the implementation of the provisions of the Constitution regarding ownership and management of mass media and the advertising industry; the development and promotion of information technology; and all matters relating to the artistic standards and quality of the motion picture and television industry.
All matters relating to peace and order; the Philippine National Police; the Bureau of Jail Management; the BFP; private security agencies; the use, sale, acquisition, possession, cultivation, manufacture and distribution of prohibited and regulated drugs and other similar substances as provided for under pertinent laws, and the prosecution of offenders, rehabilitation of drug users and dependents, including the formulation of drug-related policies.
Committee on Public Services Jurisdiction: All matters affecting public services and utilities; communications; land, air, river and sea transportation including railroads, inter-island navigation, and lighthouses; and the grant or amendment of legislative franchises. Committee on Public Works Jurisdiction: All matters relating to planning, construction, maintenance, improvement and repair of public buildings, highways, bridges, roads, ports, airports, harbors and parks; drainage, flood control and protection; and irrigation and water utilities.
Committee on Rules Jurisdiction: All matters affecting the Rules of the Senate; the calendar as well as parliamentary rules and the order and manner of transacting business and the creation of committees.
Committee on Science and Technology Jurisdiction: All matters relating to science and technology, including scientific and technological research, development and advancement.
All matters relating to rural development and welfare, and the implementation of the provisions of the Constitution on social justice. Committee on Tourism Jurisdiction: All matters relating to tourism and the tourist industry. Committee on Trade and Commerce Jurisdiction: All matters relating to domestic and foreign trade and private corporations; patents, copyrights, trade names and trademarks; standards, weights, measures and designs; quality control; control and stabilization of prices of commodities; consumer protection; handicraft and cottage industries; and marketing of commodities.
All matters relating to urban land reform, planning, housing, resettlement and urban community development. Committee on Ways and Means Jurisdiction: All matters relating to revenue generally; taxes and fees; tariffs; loans and other sources and forms of revenue.
All matters relating to the youth, women and family relations. Though the latter is considered as its primary function, Congress has likewise performed other equally important functions, such as those flowing from its investigative and oversight powers.
Essentially, therefore, the process of legislation must be viewed as a dynamic process. Although theoretically associated with the operation of Congress, the legislative process likewise involves an elaborate network of external relations, linkages and coordination with other institutions, agencies, organizations and interest groups in society.
It has been said that the legislature is not an isolated institution. As one of the traditional branches of the government, Congress must continuously interact with both the executive and the judiciary. To gain strength and advantages, it must establish linkages with the various sectors of society including the academe, media, and other research-oriented groups. Likewise, to assert a more relevant role, the legislature must always be conscious of its role in checking the excesses of the administration, in educating the public about the issues of the day, as well as in overseeing the conduct, behavior and performance of government agencies and officials in the discharge of their official functions.
It is therefore in the context of the above roles and functions of Congress that lawmakers find it extremely necessary to rely upon their staff and support services who will help them not only in the gathering of needed basic information and relevant technical data, but also in building feedback mechanism, linkages and ties with the socio-economic and political environment. The significant and essential role assumed by legislative support services, moreover, can easily be seen through their active participation in the different stages of lawmaking.
Laws are enacted precisely to respond to or meet with a given societal problem - both actual and perceived. Legislation is therefore prompted by the necessity to address the needs and problems in society.
Thus, while legislators are charged with the task of making laws, a great deal of ideas, data and tools necessary in the initiation, formulation and preparation of legislative proposals are gathered and collected through the assistance and initiative of the legislative staff and support services. Thus, the nature and form of support service, as far as this is concerned, must indispensably be responsive to the needs of legislation.
The services to be rendered cannot always be routinary and constant but must be flexible in order to adapt, from time to time, to the ever-changing needs and requirements of the Senate. Of course, there are specific services which ought to be religiously complied with in accordance with the mandate of our Constitution, such as the preparation of journals and transcripts.
But, to a large extent, support services require a certain degree of procedural flexibility and adaptability, especially in the technical substance and content of legislation in the Philippine context.