Vantage points in Wroclaw | az-links.info
Erasmus forum Wroclaw: Welcome to the forum for Erasmus Wroclaw / I remember that I have a problem with sending goods form abroad to Poland. Anyone wants to meet up for beer, coffee or whatever or/and show me around. In good weather you may see the Karkonosze Mountains from Wroclaw. Check what spots Panorama of Wroclaw from the roof of the Sky Tower. Wrocław is a city in western Poland and the largest city in the historical region of Silesia. Wrocław: miasto spotkań (Polish "Wrocław – The Meeting Place") .. Up to the beginning of World War II, Breslau was the largest city in Germany east . In a report by French Respire organization from , Wrocław was named the.
The city council used Latin and Germanand "Breslau", the Germanized name of the city, appeared for the first time in written records. The city adopted Magdeburg rights in The Polish Piast dynasty  remained in control of the region, but the right of the city council to govern independently increased.
In the prince Henryk IV Probus gave the city the staple right.
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Between andtwo fires destroyed large parts of the city. The city joined the Hanseatic League in On June 5,the city was affected by an earthquake of the strength of at least 6 degrees on the Richter scalewhich destroyed or seriously damaged many buildings in the city.
From to it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary and the King of Hungary Matthias Corvinus even had a mistress from the city with whom he had a son. Inthe city left the Hanseatic League. Renaissance, Reformation and Counter-Reformation[ edit ] Map of the city fromwith its fortifications around the Oder River The Protestant Reformation reached the town in and the city became Protestant.
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However, from Silesia was ruled by the Catholic House of Habsburg. Init supported the Bohemian Revolt out of fear of losing the right to freedom of religious expression. During the ensuing Thirty Years' Warthe city was occupied by Saxon and Swedish troops, and lost 18, of 40, citizens to plague. The Austrian emperor brought in the Counter-Reformation by encouraging Catholic orders to settle in the city, starting in with the Franciscansfollowed by Jesuits Capuchinsand finally Ursulines in These orders erected buildings which shaped the city's appearance until At the end of the Thirty Years' War, however, it was one of only a few Silesian cities to stay Protestant.
It operated until The precise record keeping of births and deaths by the city led to the use of their data for analysis of mortality, first by John Graunt and then later by Edmond Halley.
Halley's tables and analysis, published inare considered to be the first true actuarial tables, and thus the foundation of modern actuarial science. During the Counter-Reformation, the intellectual life of the city flourished, as the Protestant bourgeoisie lost its role to the Catholic orders as the patron of the arts. The city became the centre of German Baroque literature and was home to the First and Second Silesian school of poets.
Habsburg empress Maria Theresa ceded the territory in the Treaty of Breslau in InGiacomo Casanova stayed in Breslau. The fortifications of the city were leveled  and monasteries and cloisters were secularised. The city became the centre of the German Liberation movement against Napoleon, and the gathering place for volunteers from all over Germany, with the Iron Cross military decoration founded by Frederick William III of Prussia in early March The city was the centre of Prussian mobilisation for the campaign which ended at Leipzig.
The levelled fortifications opened space for the city to grow beyond its old limits. Breslau became an important railway hub and industrial centre, notably of linen and cotton manufacture and metal industry. The reconstructed university served as a major centre of sciences, while the secularisation of life laid the base for a rich museum landscape.
Johannes Brahms wrote his Academic Festival Overture to thank the university for an honorary doctorate awarded in InArch Diocese of Breslau was disentangled from the Polish ecclesiastical province archbishopric in Gniezno and made Breslau an exempt bishopric.
On 10 Octoberthe Jewish Theological Seminary opened. The institution was the first modern rabbinical seminary in Central Europe. In the brothers Karl and Louis Stangen founded the travel agency Stangen, this was the second travel agency in the world. Its population more than tripled to over half a million between and The census listedresidents.
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Inconstruction began on the forts of Breslau Fortress. Feniks Department Storebuilt in the years — Inthe newly built Centennial Hall housed an exhibition commemorating the th anniversary of the historical German Wars of Liberation against Napoleon and the first award of the Iron Cross.
After the war the Polish community began holding masses in the Polish language at the Church of Saint Anne, and, as ofat St. Martin's and a Polish School was founded by Helena Adamczewska.
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The number of Poles as a percentage of the total population fell to just 0. Inthe Werkbund opened WuWa German: The Gothic temple was built at the beginning of the 14th century, in it was the first church in Silesia to be taken over by evangelicals. It was returned to Catholics in when it was established as a garrison church for Wroclaw. Parochial chronicles contain many descriptions of damage and cataclysms which the building has suffered.Sweater Weather TAG !
The church's tower has been reconstructed on several occasions. Massive damage was caused by a fire in which burnt the roof, part of the vault, organ and other wooden elements of the interior design. The church is actually still being reconstructed after that event. The scenic terrace in the tower is one of the most popular tourist sites near the Market Square. To get there you need to climb narrow spiral stairs. Watch out, the climb is quite exhaustive.
Tower of the Archcathedral of St. John the Baptist Archcathedral of St. Mon — Fri, hoursTickets: The most important church of the Wroclaw archdiocese in its present, Gothic shape was built in the 14th century. Archaeological works have proven though that a brick temples was already standing there in the 10th century.
The present building has undergone a number of renovations after being damaged, has been extended and had its interior rearranged.