Club Bulletin - January (Dec 31, )
The Caste. Column: Meet the men and women who really run the world. Share · Tweet . Mike Allen's Politico Playbook is their bulletin board. Leaving the dock, I stopped at the entrance to scan a bulletin board on which and asked me to meet him early next morning at the marina where he keeps his. Bulletin Board Displays, Classroom Decorations, Border Trim, Accents, Bulletin Board Letters, Bright Colorful Designs To frame Your Bulletin Board Displays.
Caste - Anthropology - Oxford Bibliographies
Caste then also defines mechanisms by which to claim power, create new alliances, articulate discontent, demand justice, critique dominant ideologies, and project the textured and multidimensional worldviews and experiences of the marginalized, thus compelling a rethinking of hierarchy while creating spaces for the articulation of difference. Citations in the following sections are organized to guide readers through the morphing meanings and understandings of caste, beginning with classic conceptualizations, the transformations of caste under colonialism and consequent waves of social reform, to the present day identitarian assertions of democratic selfhood.
It is important to note, however, that although section heads define broad areas of emphasis, there are at times overlaps, which are indicated where possible.
Classic Theories Classic theories of caste treat it as a phenomenon to be studied, documented, and understood as a more-or-less closed socioreligious system. The more sociological assessments of Max Weber and colonial administrators like H. Risley, too, saw the institution of caste as an impediment to individual progress and to capitalist and national development.
Not unlike the missionizing efforts of de Nobili and Dubois, Risley sought a reconstitution of caste—but this time with anthropometric tools, as an overarching logic of enumeration and classification that yielded a civil society amenable to colonial strategies of governance.
Column: Meet the men and women who really run the world
These early theories set the stage for later conceptualizations. Hutton drew on existing census reports as well as works by other British scholar-administrators to reflect on the origins and the functional basis of caste, and to document factors contributing to the emergence and development of caste; his work serves as much as an overview of caste as a historical document on colonial methods and conceptualizations.
Bailey and Marriott study the idea of caste in relation to that of tribes as usually distinguished, but here coexisting and mutually influencing social forms.
Marriott and Leach provide comparative descriptions of what Marriott calls the elaborateness of caste ranking in different regions of the subcontinent, covering interdependencies, variations, acceptance of hierarchy, occupational specialization, and so on; both are in a way concerned with establishing and substantiating the forms and functions of caste.
Srinivashowever, gives us the first vocabulary by which to understand mobility: Sanskritization is a process by which lower caste groups seek to emulate the behaviors of higher castes, many of which are associated with purity, thereby enabling a rise in position over a few generations. Dumont establishes a different and critical baseline: Mencher and Meillassouxon the other hand, critique caste by arguing, respectively, that it functions fundamentally as a system of economic exploitation, and that jajmani relations were in fact relations of labor exploitation—each therefore providing a basis to read caste as class.
Tribe and caste in India.
Meet the Dalits who are using online platforms to tell stories of their community
Contribution to Indian Sociology 5: Bailey distinguishes tribes from castes the former segmentary, the latter hierarchical but places both in a common, mutually constituting context that produces regional variations in form.
They exist on a continuum rather than being strictly distinguishable as types.
Demonstrates the relative insignificance of varna as a framework for understanding caste and the resurgence of jati-based identities and politics. Its nature, functions, and origins. Aspects of caste in South India, Ceylon and north-west Pakistan. Leach identifies five key elements that distinguish caste: Such unanimity of opinion is a defining group trait.
But of which group?
The populist Five Star Movement in Italy identifies itself as an opponent of what it calls "il casta": The caste that rules its country. Into this category the Five Star Movement places the establishments of the major Italian political parties and the electronic and periodical press, all of the elites who helped bring Italy to the brink on which it looms today. But the caste is not just an Italian phenomenon. The Fortune Global Forum shows it is a global one.
The financial crisis and Great Recession revealed how elites in finance, government, and media profit no matter the circumstances. Back ingovernments responded to an economic meltdown by rewarding the very institutions, public and private, behind the meltdown.
In Europe, statesmen and bureaucrats stuck with their twin policy of European integration and multiculturalism despite the human misery those policies have created. In America, the crisis was used to advance a program of government regulation of major corporations—banks, health insurers—while the creation of a global economy of mobile goods, capital, and labor proceeded as before. The growth of the state coincided with, and perhaps was dependent on, an increase in individual autonomy and emancipation from the strictures of orthodox religion.
What was significant was the way in which those left behind were politely ignored, handed government transfers that can never replace community or partnership. What was significant was the way in which the connections between globalization and liberalization and social stratification and inequality were overlooked or dismissed to accommodate modish political correctness.
What was significant was the lack of imaginative thinking among the men and women in government and politics, and the moral postures liberals assumed to assert their superiority over conservatives. Obama sits at the pinnacle of the American caste.
But he is not one of a kind. From strivers in the upper-middle class to billionaires who stalk the globe like Bloomberg, Gates, and Buffett, from Republicans who say their party must diversify and moderate in order to win, to Democrats who move from criticizing hedge funds in government to flacking for hedge funds when they are out, from reporters who fetishize the concept of "objectivity" on the one hand while making snarky and petty comments about social inferiors on the other, the caste is composed of all of the winners in the postmodern economic Powerball.
You see them in the coffee shops and chic restaurants, in the gentrifying neighborhoods of coastal cities, you hear them discuss their latest trips overseas, you read their food and politics blogs and oh so clever twitter feeds. They are the leaners in, the up-and-comers, the bright young things and a few dim old ones whose smarminess is like an ID badge.
Filled with in-jokes and Easter Eggs, self-promotion and self-congratulation, Playbook is a sort of Rosetta stone through which one learns the rhetoric of the caste. Life is difficult for the uninitiated. The Tea Party members and supporters of Ted Cruz, the opponents of immigration amnesty and same-sex marriage and abortion and taxpayer-subsidized contraception, the critics of trade agreements that open America to foreign products without opening foreign countries to American ones, the advocates of drilling and fracking and building pipelines and refineries, critics of multilateralism and global governance, pro-Israel and Second Amendment activists, members of the white working class and others who have not seen wages rise or incomes improve for years, for whom long term unemployment continues to persist—all these must endure the scorn and mockery and animus of the caste.
They are the low-skilled worker whom illegal immigration will price out of the market, the Tea Party organizer singled out by the IRS, the mother and father desperately trying to shield their children from what they see as a depraved culture. They do not go to Shangri-La, and unlike Mr. Smith they do not go to Washington, which they look upon with a jaundiced eye as the capital busies itself with issues—immigration reform, gun control, Obamacare—irrelevant or inimical to their everyday concerns.
Do we still need a reservation or quota system in India?
What observers of American politics tend to misunderstand is that the differences of opinion among the caste are differences of degree, not kind. One of its wings wants more government transfer payments and regulation, and the other wing wants less.
The caste will find a way to make a nice living either way. But if you took a poll of American attendees of the Fortune Global Forum, or attendees of the Davos World Forum, I seriously doubt you would find much disagreement at all on matters of sex and religion, immigration and trade, equality and diversity, environment and ecology. On such issues the consensus is ironclad.