WASHINGTON — On Monday, people will meet to determine who state and the District of Columbia just shy of six weeks after Election Day, Do electors have to vote according to popular vote results in their states?. The Congress meets in joint session to count the electoral votes (unless Congress If any Electors are unable to carry out their duties on the day of the Electoral. Read about the Electoral College, how it works and state legislation to Please Note: NCSL does not have the names of the individual presidential 8, Election Day, when voters in each state will select their presidential electors. The electors meet in each state and cast their ballots for president and vice president.
Deadline for Resolving Election Disputes. All state recounts and court contests over presidential election results must be completed by this date.
Meeting of the Electors. The electors meet in each state and cast their ballots for president and vice president. Each elector votes on his or her own ballot and signs it.
The Electoral College
The ballots are immediately transmitted to various people: Senate who is also the vice president of the United States ; this is the copy that will be officially counted later. Other copies go to the state's secretary of state, the National Archives and Records Administration, and the presiding judge in the district where the electors meet this serves as a backup copy that would replace the official copy sent to the president of the Senate if it is lost or destroyed.
Deadline for Receipt of Ballots. The electors' ballots from all states must be received by the president of the Senate by this date. There is no penalty for missing this deadline. Counting of the Electoral Ballots. Congress meets in joint session to count the electoral votes. The president-elect becomes the president of the United States.
United States Electoral College - Wikipedia
Nomination of Electors The U. Constitution does not specify procedures for the nomination of candidates for presidential elector. The two most common methods the states have adopted are nomination by state party convention and by state party committee. Generally, the parties select members known for their loyalty and service to the party, such as party leaders, state and local elected officials and party activists.
However, in most states, electors' names are not printed on the ballot. Awarding Electoral Votes All 50 states and the District of Columbia use one of two methods for awarding their electoral votes: The Winner-Take-All System In 48 states and the District of Columbia, when a candidate for president wins a state's popular vote, that party's slate of electors will be the ones to cast the vote for president of the United States in December.
For example, Florida has 29 electoral votes. These 29 people will gather on Dec. The District System Maine and Nebraska are the only states that do not use a winner-take-all system.
Instead, in these two states, one electoral vote is awarded to the presidential candidate who wins the popular vote in each congressional district, and the remaining two electoral votes are awarded to the candidates receiving the most votes statewide.
This is known as the district system. It is possible under the district system to split the electoral vote for the state. This happened in in Nebraska: Barack Obama won the electoral vote in the congressional district including Omaha, while John McCain won in the state's other two districts and won the statewide vote as well, securing the state's two at-large votes.
Thus, when the Nebraska presidential electors met in Decemberthere were four Republican electors and one Democrat. That election was the first time Nebraska's electoral vote was split.
Reforming the Electoral College In the years since the highly controversial presidential election, bills have been introduced in every state in the country to change the process for selecting electors.
During the period ofmost Electoral College reform bills proposed switching to the district system. None of these bills passed. This is an idea that would allow states to bypass the Electoral College without amending the U.
Electoral College Fast Facts
When voters go to the polls in a Presidential election, they actually are voting for the slate of electors vowing to cast their ballots for that ticket in the Electoral College. Electors Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the plurality in that state. After state election officials certify the popular vote of each state, the winning slate of electors meet in the state capital and cast two ballots—one for Vice President and one for President.
House of Representatives About this object The contested Presidential election brought Senators, and the electoral certificates under investigation, into the House Chamber. In the modern era, very rarely have electors voted for someone other than for whom they pledged.
United States Electoral College
Though still rare, electors more commonly changed their vote in the 19th century—particularly on the vote for Vice President. There has been one faithless elector in each of the following elections: A blank ballot was cast in Inseven electors broke with their state on the presidential ballot and six did so on the vice presidential ballot. Procedure Since the midth century, on January 6 at 1: He passes the votes to four tellers—two from the House and two from the Senate—who announce the results.
House tellers include one Representative from each party and are appointed by the Speaker. At the end of the count, the Vice President then declares the name of the next President. The date of the count was changed in,and Sitting Vice Presidents John C. BreckinridgeRichard NixonHubert Humphreyand Al Gore all announced that they had lost their own bid for the Presidency.
Objections Since3 U. During the Joint Session, Members of Congress may object to individual electoral votes or to state returns as a whole. An objection must be declared in writing and signed by at least one Representative and one Senator.
In the case of an objection, the Joint Session recesses and each chamber considers the objection separately in a session which cannot last more than two hours with each Member speaking for no more than five minutes. After each house votes on whether or not to accept the objection, the Joint Session reconvenes and both chambers disclose their decisions.