In 10 states, girls still run shorter cross-country races than boys. Why?
The United States Electoral College is a body of electors established by the United States These electors meet in the state capitals in December to cast their electoral votes for that state. areas of the country; and that its allocation of Electoral College votes gives citizens in less populated rural states as much as four times. May 14, The senior won the Division 3 state meet handily, just weeks before she'd eventually be crowned as a who is the president of the Nebraska Cross Country Coaches Association, it's a "We have a lot of girls who want to run in college, and it's hard for those coaches to compare [runners] state to state when. Capistrano Valley Cross Country Team. A Tradition of Excellence. Girls Individual State Meet Qualifier Girls CIF #8 Boys CIF #15 Girls #4 CIF Finalist, State Finalist Girls State Finalist, CIF Finalist Boys CIF Prelims .. Voting will open throughout October 1 - 31,
Michele Bachmann participating, and Gary Johnson excluded. A total of thirteen debates were held before the Iowa caucuses.
The first major event of the campaign was the Ames Straw Pollwhich took place in Iowa on August 13, Michele Bachmann won the straw poll this ultimately proved to be the acme of her campaign. As a result, a number of potential "anti-Romney" candidates were put forward,   including future President Donald Trump Sarah Palin Chris Christie and Texas Governor Rick Perry the last of whom decided to run in August Perry did poorly in the debates, however, and Herman Cain and then Newt Gingrich came into the fore in October and November.
Due to a number of scandals, Cain withdrew just before the end of the year, after having gotten on the ballot in several states. A number of candidates dropped out at this point in the nomination process.
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Bachmann withdrew after finishing sixth in the Iowa caucuses,  Huntsman withdrew after coming in third in New Hampshire, and Perry withdrew when polls showed him drawing low numbers in South Carolina. He unexpectedly carried three states in a row on February 7 and overtook Romney in nationwide opinion polls, becoming the only candidate in the race to effectively challenge the notion that Romney was the inevitable nominee.
After the election, each state prepares seven Certificates of Ascertainment, each listing the candidates for president and vice president, their pledged electors, and the total votes each candidacy received. The Certificates of Ascertainment are mandated to carry the State Seal, and the signature of the Governor in the case of the District of Columbia, the Certificate is signed by the Mayor of the District of Columbia.
Hayes and William A. Electors meet in their respective state capitals electors for the District of Columbia meet within the District on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December, at which time they cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for president and vice president.
The meeting is opened by the election certification official — often that state's secretary of state or equivalent — who reads the Certificate of Ascertainment. This document sets forth who was chosen to cast the electoral votes. The attendance of the electors is taken and any vacancies are noted in writing. The next step is the selection of a president or chairman of the meeting, sometimes also with a vice chairman. The electors sometimes choose a secretary, often not himself an elector, to take the minutes of the meeting.
In many states, political officials give short speeches at this point in the proceedings.
When the time for balloting arrives, the electors choose one or two people to act as tellers. Some states provide for the placing in nomination of a candidate to receive the electoral votes the candidate for president of the political party of the electors.
Each elector submits a written ballot with the name of a candidate for president. In New Jerseythe electors cast ballots by checking the name of the candidate on a pre-printed card; in North Carolinathe electors write the name of the candidate on a blank card.
The tellers count the ballots and announce the result. The next step is the casting of the vote for vice president, which follows a similar pattern.
Each state's electors must complete six Certificates of Vote. Each Certificate of Vote must be signed by all of the electors and a Certificate of Ascertainment must be attached to each of the Certificates of Vote. Each Certificate of Vote must include the names of those who received an electoral vote for either the office of president or of vice president.
The electors certify the Certificates of Vote and copies of the Certificates are then sent in the following fashion: A staff member of the President of the Senate collects the Certificates of Vote as they arrive and prepares them for the joint session of the Congress. The Certificates are arranged — unopened — in alphabetical order and placed in two special mahogany boxes.
Alabama through Missouri including the District of Columbia are placed in one box and Montana through Wyoming are placed in the other box. Faithless elector An elector may vote for whomever he or she wishes for each office provided that at least one of their votes president or vice president is for a person who is not a resident of the same state as themselves.
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Twenty-nine states plus the District of Columbia have passed laws to punish faithless electors, although none have ever been enforced.
Many constitutional scholars claim that state restrictions would be struck down if challenged based on Article II and the Twelfth Amendment. BlairU. Some states, however, do have laws requiring that state's electors to vote for the candidate to whom they are pledged. Electors who break their pledge are called " faithless electors.
Over the course of 58 presidential elections sinceonly 0. As stated in the ruling, electors are acting as a functionary of the state, not the federal government. Therefore, states have the right to govern the process of choosing electors. The constitutionality of state laws punishing electors for actually casting a faithless vote, rather than refusing to pledge, has never been decided by the Supreme Court.
However, in his dissent in Ray v. Blair, Justice Robert Jackson wrote: Faithless electors have never changed the outcome of any presidential election.
Contingent election The Twelfth Amendment mandates Congress assemble in joint session to count the electoral votes and declare the winners of the election. The vice president and the Speaker of the House sit at the podium, with the vice president in the seat of the Speaker of the House.How the Electoral College Works
Senate pages bring in the two mahogany boxes containing each state's certified vote and place them on tables in front of the senators and representatives. Each house appoints two tellers to count the vote normally one member of each political party. Relevant portions of the Certificate of Vote are read for each state, in alphabetical order.
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Members of Congress can object to any state's vote count, provided objection is presented in writing and is signed by at least one member of each house of Congress. An objection supported by at least one senator and one representative will be followed by the suspension of the joint session and by separate debates and votes in each House of Congress; after both Houses deliberate on the objection, the joint session is resumed.
A state's certificate of vote can be rejected only if both Houses of Congress vote to accept the objection. In that case, the votes from the State in question are simply ignored. The votes of Arkansas and Louisiana were rejected in the presidential election of Gore, who as vice president was required to preside over his own Electoral College defeat by five electoral votesdenied the objections, all of which were raised by only several representatives and would have favored his candidacy, after no senators would agree to jointly object.
Objections were again raised in the vote count of the elections, and on that occasion the document was presented by one representative and one senator. Although the joint session was suspended, the objections were quickly disposed of and rejected by both Houses of Congress.