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They were initially met with skepticism, especially from his first wife. The fact Mormons often said four-fifths of the world practiced polygamy. . I can see mother and aunty at the ranch at Greer, especially on wash days, two big If we were to say, 'Aunty slapped me', we would be apt to get another one, so we never tattled. A whole procession of women comes to meet me. They console . My love for him is pure and perfect, can he not see that? told me about the origin of polygamy. Why is I've been given a whip they call a scepter, to beat any unfortunate. Raymond Our Husband 21st century polygamy by Busisiwe Khumalo I watched how Sizwe would get so restless and protective at the mention of Mbali's name. “I'm sure you have not had anything to eat so let me whip up something to eat hopefully even meet her for a little chat,” Mbali said trying to hold back tears.
Smoot was chosen president, and D. A large congregation assembled, but the proceedings were interrupted by a mob headed by some of the leading men of the county; yet a candidate for elector was appointed by my friends. I preached at the Stand. The following synopsis was reported by Mr. Bullock, clerk of the steamer, Maid of Iowa.
President Joseph Smith read the 11th Chap. My object is to let you know that I am right here on the spot where I intend to stay. I, like Paul, have been in perils, and oftener than anyone in this generation.
As Paul boasted, I have suffered more than Paul did. I should be like a fish out of water, if I were out of persecutions. Perhaps my brethren think it requires all this to keep me humble. The Lord has constituted me so curiously that I glory in persecution. I am not nearly so humble as if I were not persecuted. If oppression will make a wise man mad, much more a fool. If they want a beardless boy to whip all the world, I will get on the top of a mountain and crow like a rooster; I shall always beat them.
When facts are proved, truth and innocence will prevail at last. My enemies are no philosophers: God is in the still small voice. In all these affidavits, indictments, it is all of the devil—all corruption.
All hell, boil over! Ye burning mountains, roll down your lava! I have more to boast of than ever any man had. I am the only man that has ever been able to keep a whole church together since the days of Adam.
A large majority of the whole have stood by me. Neither Paul, John, Peter, nor Jesus ever did it. I boast that no man ever did such a work as I. The followers of Jesus ran away from Him; but the Latter-day Saints never ran away from me yet. You know my daily walk and conversation.
I am in the bosom of a virtuous and good people. How I do love to hear the wolves howl! When they can get rid of me, the devil will also go. For the last three years I have a record of all my acts and proceedings, for I have kept several good, faithful, and efficient clerks in constant employ: They have got wonderful things in the land of Ham.
I think the grand jury have strained at a gnat and swallowed the camel. Simpson says I arrested him. I never arrested Mr. Simpson in my life. He says I made an affidavit against him, I never made an affidavit against him in my life. I will prove it in court. I will tell you how it was: Last winter I got ready with my children to go to the farm to kill hogs.
Rockwell was going to drive. An Englishman came in and wanted a private conversation with me. I told him I did not want any private conversations. Said he—"I want a warrant against the man who stabbed Brother Badham.
He said it was a man who boarded at Davis'. He said it was Mr. Simpson—it answered his description. I said I had no jurisdiction out of the city. He said—"The man must be arrested, or else he will go away.
Lytle stepped up and said—"I am a policeman.
When I came back I met Mr. He said—"You did wrong in arresting Mr. I went over and sat down, and related the circumstances. He turned round and said—"Mr. Smith, I have nothing against you; I am satisfied. He declared in the presence of witnesses, that he had nothing against me. I then said—I will go over to Esquire Johnson, and testify what the Englishman told me.
I don't want to swear that he is the man. Coolidge, Rockwell, Hatfield, and Hawes were present. Johnson made one [a complaint] out in due form: I said—"I can't swear to that affidavit; I don't believe it, tear up that paper.
Simpson agreed to come before Badham and make it up. I did not swear to it [i. Foster and others came in.
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They called me up to testify. I told it all the same as I do here. Simpson rose up, and asked—"Do you believe now that I am the man who stabbed Mr. Aaron Johnson went before the grand jury and swore I did not swear to it. Foster goes and swears that I swore to it, and that he was in the room when he was not in. Chauncey wanted me to stay and have a conversation. Foster asked Aaron Johnson for the writ and affidavit. He handed them to Dr.
Foster, who read them, and then threw them into the fire. I said—"Doctor, you ought not to have burned it; it was my paper.
Foster goes to the grand jury and swears he did not burn only one; but I say he burnt both. This is a fair sample of the swearing that is going on against me. The last discharge was the 40th; now the 41st, 42nd, 43rd; all through falsehood.
Matters of fact are as profitable as the Gospel, and which I can prove. You will then know who are liars, and who speak the truth I want to retain your friendship on holy grounds. Another indictment has been got up against me. It appears a holy prophet has arisen up, and he has testified against me; the reason is, he is so holy.
The Lord knows I do not care how many churches are in the world. As many as believe me, may. If the doctrine that I preach is true, the tree must be good. I have prophesied things that have come to pass, and can still. Inasmuch as there is a new church, this must be old, and of course we ought to be set down as orthodox. From henceforth let all the churches now no longer persecute orthodoxy. I never built upon any other man's ground.
I never told the old Catholic that he was a fallen true prophet God knows, then, that the charges against me are false. I had not been married scarcely five minutes, and made one proclamation of the Gospel, before it was reported that I had seven wives.
I mean to live and proclaim the truth as long as I can. This new holy prophet [William Law] has gone to Carthage and swore that I had told him that I was guilty of adultery.
Why, a man dares not speak or wink, for fear of being accused of this. William Law testified before forty policemen, and the assembly room full of witnesses, that he testified under oath that he never had heard or seen or knew anything immoral or criminal against me.
He testified under oath that he was my friend, and not the "Brutus. He swore under oath that he was satisfied that he was ready to lay down his life for me, and he swears that I have committed adultery.
I am quite tired of the fools asking me. A man asked me whether the commandment was given that a man may have seven wives; and now the new prophet has charged me with adultery. I never had any fuss with these men until that Female Relief Society brought out the paper against adulterers and adulteresses.
Goforth was invited into the Laws' clique, and Dr. Foster and the clique were dissatisfied with that document, and they rush away and leave the Church, and conspire to take away my life; and because I will not countenance such wickedness, they proclaim that I have been a true prophet, but that I am now a fallen prophet. Jackson has committed murder, robbery, and perjury; and I can prove it by half-a-dozen witnesses. Jackson got up and said—"By God, he is innocent," and now swears that I am guilty.
He threatened my life. There is another Law, not the prophet, who was cashiered for dishonesty and robbing the government. Wilson Law also swears that I told him I was guilty of adultery.
Brother Jonathan Dunham can swear to the contrary. I have been chained. I have rattled chains before in a dungeon for the truth's sake. I am innocent of all these charges, and you can bear witness of my innocence, for you know me yourselves. When I love the poor, I ask no favors of the rich. I can go to the cross—I can lay down my life; but don't forsake me. I want the friendship of my brethren. Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a downfall.
Be meek and lowly, upright and pure; render good for evil. If you bring on yourselves your own destruction, I will complain. It is not right for a man to bare down his neck to the oppressor always.
Be humble and patient in all circumstances of life; we shall then triumph more gloriously. What a thing it is for a man to be accused of committing adultery, and having seven wives, when I can only find one. I am the same man, and as innocent as I was fourteen years ago; and I can prove them all perjurers.
I labored with these apostates myself until I was out of all manner of patience; and then I sent my brother Hyrum, whom they virtually kicked out of doors. I then sent Mr. And polygamy was anathema in the societies of Europe and their extensions into the Americas.
Marx and Engels said monogamy grew up in early Greek societies as men sought to ensure paternity of the children who would inherit their property. Others have pointed to the importance of monogamy in upholding the status of the woman and the status of her kin who had contracted the first marriage. Monogamy had been sanctified for more than a millennium before the advent of Christianity and, with few exceptions, had been enforced during years of Christian culture in Europe.
Monogamy was so well established in America that anything else was treated with revulsion. Before polygamy brought Mormonism into another conflict with the United States, it was to have some positive effects on the expansion of Mormon settlements. Nearly all Mormon women found themselves involved in a productive role in a family, having children and working to increase the family wealth. So Polygamy tended to strengthen the extremely patriarchal nature of Mormonism, which says women cannot get into heaven unless they are married to a man who has obtained the priesthood, and is willing to pull them into heaven after death.
Still, most Mormons — approximately 80 percent — remained monogamous. The practice of polygamy was usually limited to the affluent.
Awarding additional wives became a method of binding prosperous men into the church hierarchy. In its classic form, a man rising within the church would take a wife in her late teens once every five to ten years, until he had accumulated five or more.
Polygamy was not universally condemned by the non-Mormon world. In Elijah Was a Valiant Man, Arvin Palmer says George Bernard Shaw approved because there were more Mormon women than men, and a frontier society could not cope with a large number of single women. It took awhile for the idea of polygamy to germinate in the heart of one man who would later settle in the White Mountains. The Life of Delbert L. Penrod recreates the words of the pioneer. One day, a family moved to Escalante Utah from Panguitch.
The oldest girl in this family was a beautiful, dark haired maiden with very black eyes. For some time I spent considerable time trying to meet her. Without seeming too bold, but from that time on, I thought that a second wife was what all men should have. We were married in the St. George Temple the 14th of March, That same summer we received a call to go to Arizona to help settle new country and to build new homes. We were very skeptical about this trip as we had heard some very unfavorable reports about Arizona from some that had been out here and come back.
Polygamy left some young Mormon men without brides while a few older men accumulated many wives.
With disappointment in love added to extremely difficult times, Joe got on his horse one day and retraced his path to Utah where he would remain a bachelor throughout his lifetime. She was to spend most of her married life alone. He acquired the fifth only 10 months after his marriage to Rhoda. Kent Lightfoot, the anthropologist, writes that polygamy was part of a marriage practice that stratified the communities. While as many as 80 percent of Mormons married within their communities, the more prominent men would marry women from other Mormon towns.
However, the means to support several wives and their respective children was an important factor limiting the rate of [polygamy]. It is clear that poorer men were often hardly able to support one wife, let alone several spouses and numerous children.
This was before there was any law against it. Mother thought it right, so with her full and free consent, he sought the hand of Prudence J. Kartchner, who lived on the Muddy southwest Utah. On October 10,they were sealed husband and wife in the endowment house, Salt Lake City. Snow asked her if she was willing. Sister Snow then gave her a blessing, and said that she would retain her beauty and never grow old.
Up until she passed away more than thirty years later, she was an exceptionally fine looking woman. The two women lived in the same house, or in close proximity and often helped each other when their work permitted. A number of years before she died, she suffered with asthma until life was a burden to her. She rarely left the house for months at a time, because of that disease. I remember her suffering from the time we came to Arizona; for months she could not leave her bed.
She was the mother of four girls living and one girl and two boys had passed away in infancy. The girls did a noble part by their mother. Butler as his plural wife. Her story is told by one of the children in the Penrod manuscripts. We always felt bad when someone would say, your half brother or sister; to us there was no half.
I can see mother and aunty at the ranch at Greer, especially on wash days, two big wooden tubs, set on a bench and two washboards. One would wash the clothes and put them in the other tub … on the fire to boil them. Then they would take them out and put them through two clear waters, then starch them and hang them out. The starch was made out of flour and water. Both of them would hang out. Not only did they wash together, but anything that had to be done was done in unity, no arguing or waiting for the other one to do it.
They always worked together. Aunty did most of the sewing for both families, mother did the cooking and Daddy always worked hard to support his big family and our mothers were very saving and took care of all that was fetched in, so we always had plenty. We were corrected by the one that was with us.
We thought it was what should be done and took it for granted without complaining. Johns with his wife Eliza Ella Stewart. After Udall proposed to her, Ida returned to Snowflake and wrote to Ella. George for the wedding. Some Mormons remember that polygamy did not always result in perfect harmony.
Latter-day Saints considered the law unconstitutional, and fought it until the U. Supreme Court upheld the law in Then inCongress passed the Edmunds Act, making polygamy a felony punishable by five years in prison. Polygamy was a convenient club for opponents of the Mormons.
Johns Stake history says. Some followed the lead of Bishop Udall and sent their extra families back to Utah to live with relatives and some took their families with them and moved to Mexico. A few decided to stay and ride it out by playing a kind of cat and mouse game with So many of these substantial citizens left that their hurried withdrawals of capital from the co-op store system left it on the verge of collapse.
One early settler in Round Valley who was a polygamist left by foot for Old Mexico, where his family later joined him. He only had one team and his boys would need that to harvest their crop and haul wood for the family. He had no money to buy another outfit so could William lend him one.
Well, a wagon, cover, water barrels and a span of our best horses were rigged up for him. The horses were harnessed up, hitched to the wagon and driven up to his door after nightfall. He and his plural wives slipped away. In about a year he returned the outfit, with thanks. That was all that was necessary. If he had never brought them back, it would have been the same.
Some of those from Snowflake who left were Jesse N. Roundy and James Palmer. A few others who were not polygamists joined them. This sudden flight of so many of the principle men of the community left things in quite a bad spiritual and temporal condition. He immediately returned to Snowflake. He had two other wives, Aunt Ellen and Aunt Lottie.
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He was 12 years old. The excited children sang: They arrived in Colonia Dublan the last week in August. It was very hot, but crops were lush and at their peak.
There were plenty of ripe watermelons. The newspaper story, making some obvious comparisons to Masons, lamented that its agent had only one wife and might have gotten more good stuff if he had been able to work into higher degrees through the attainment of more wives.
A part of the body which I do not care to mention was specially anointed The graphic looks a little like the base of a lamp, but probably helped sell papers. Powers, of Michigan, one of Mr. Johns Herald reported in Judge Powers says the President is determined to wage as fierce a war as possible against the Mormons, and has instructed the judicial officers to carry out the law most vigorously. A large number of leading Mormons are now under indictment, among them being John Taylor and George Q.
Cannon, the two being at the present fugitives from justice. Judge Powers says the Mormons generally are rapidly recognizing the fact that the Government is in dead earnest, and that they only preach and practice polygamy when they are out of sight of the officers of the law. He was living in Sunset near present-day Winslow under an assumed name, according to the St.
He later became church president and eventually abolished the doctrine of polygamy. The crackdown soon came to Arizona, according to this account in the Snowflake Stake history: