The Jazztet and John Lewis | Revolvy
Arthur Stewart Farmer (August 21, – October 4, ) was an American jazz trumpeter 3 Personality and family life; 4 Playing style; 5 Discography and filmography; 6 References; 7 External links . Farmer formed the Jazztet in , with the composer and tenor saxophonist Benny Golson, after each man. Intoxicants were then an expensive luxury, beyond the reach of the poorer classes.", "Strong's no.", "a country known for its good wines", "Excessive drinking was. Farmer formed the Jazztet in , with the composer and tenor . full season as a starter, Kaepernick helped the 49ers reach the NFC Championship Game. .. and a two-point conversion on the game-winning drive as the 49ers beat the Jason Birchmeier of AllMusic noted her reputation for using her.
As Duke Ellington, one of jazzs most famous figures, said, although jazz is considered highly difficult to define, at least in part because it contains so many varied subgenres, improvisation is consistently regarded as being one of its key elements 4. Drum kit — A drum kit consists of a mix of drums and idiophones most significantly cymbals but also including the woodblock and cowbell. In the s, some also include electronic instruments and both hybrid and entirely electronic kits are used.
If some or all of them are replaced by electronic drums, the drum kit is usually played while seated on a drum stool or throne. The drum kit differs from instruments that can be used to produce pitched melodies or chords, even though drums are often placed musically alongside others that do, such as the piano or guitar.
The drum kit is part of the rhythm section used in many types of popular and traditional music styles ranging from rock and pop to blues. Other standard instruments used in the section include the electric bass, electric guitar. Many drummers extend their kits from this pattern, adding more drums, more cymbals. Some performers, such as some rockabilly drummers, use small kits that omit elements from the basic setup, some drum kit players may have other roles in the band, such as providing backup vocals, or less commonly, lead vocals.
Thus, in an early s orchestra piece, if the called for bass drum, triangle and cymbals. In the s, percussionists began to experiment with foot pedals as a way to them to play more than one instrument.
In the s, percussionists started combining multiple drums into a set, the bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, and other percussion instruments were all played using hand-held drum sticks. Double-drumming was developed to one person to play the bass and snare with sticks.
With this approach, the drum was usually played on beats one. This resulted in a swing and dance feel. The drum set was referred to as a trap set. By the s, drummers were using an overhang pedal, most drummers in the s preferred to do double drumming without any pedal to play multiple drums, rather than use an overhang pedal.
Companies patented their pedal systems such as Dee Dee Chandler of New Orleans —05, liberating the hands for the first time, this evolution saw the bass drum played with the foot of a standing percussionist. The bass drum became the central piece around which every other percussion instrument would later revolve and it was the golden age of drum building for many famous drum companies, with Ludwig introducing 5. Marsalis has promoted the appreciation of classical and jazz music often to young audiences, Marsalis has been awarded nine Grammys in both genres, and his Blood on the Fields was the first jazz composition to win the Pulitzer Prize for Music.
Marsalis is the son of jazz musician Ellis Marsalis, Jr. At age 17, he was the youngest musician admitted to Tanglewoods Berkshire Music Center and he moved to New York City to attend Juilliard inand picked up gigs around town.
During this period, Marsalis received a grant from the National Endowment of the Arts to spend time and study with trumpet innovator Woody Shaw and he was also mentored by Herbie Hancock, who he often performed with.
In John McLaughlin described Marsalis as the best classical trumpet player and the best jazz trumpet player we have today, inMarsalis joined the Jazz Messengers led by Art Blakey. Also, inNational Public Radio aired the first of Marsalis week series and his radio and television series were awarded the George Foster Peabody Award.
There is a Language Arts study guide available for Moving to Higher Ground and it is aligned to the Common Core State Standards and has audio and visual supplemental materials. Marsalis has won nine Grammy Awards, in andhe became the only artist ever to win Grammy Awards for both jazz and classical records.
He is one of two artists to win Grammy Awards for five consecutive years of musical contributions. Trumpet — A trumpet is a musical instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.
Sahib Shihab | Credits | AllMusic
The trumpet group contains the instruments with the highest register in the brass family, trumpets are used in art music styles, for instance in orchestras, concert bands, and jazz ensembles, as well as in popular music. They are played by blowing air through almost-closed lips, producing a sound that starts a standing wave vibration in the air column inside the instrument.
Early trumpets did not provide means to change the length of tubing, most trumpets have valves of the piston type, while some have the rotary type. The use of rotary-valved trumpets is more common in orchestral settings, each valve, when engaged, increases the length of tubing, lowering the pitch of the instrument. A musician who plays the trumpet is called a trumpet player or trumpeter, the earliest trumpets date back to BC and earlier.
The bronze and silver trumpets from Tutankhamuns grave in Egypt, bronze lurs from Scandinavia, trumpets from the Oxus civilization of Central Asia have decorated swellings in the middle, yet are made out of one sheet of metal, which is considered a technical wonder.
The Shofar, made from a ram horn and the Hatzotzeroth and they were played in Solomons Temple around years ago. They were said to be used to blow down the walls of Jericho and they are still used on certain religious days.
The Salpinx was a straight trumpet 62 inches long, made of bone or bronze, Salpinx contests were a part of the original Olympic Games.
The Moche people of ancient Peru depicted trumpets in their art going back to AD, the earliest trumpets were signaling instruments used for military or religious purposes, rather than music in the modern sense, and the modern bugle continues this signaling tradition.
Improvements to instrument design and metal making in the late Middle Ages, the natural trumpets of this era consisted of a single coiled tube without valves and therefore could only produce the notes of a single overtone series. Changing keys required the player to change crooks of the instrument, the development of the upper, clarino register by specialist trumpeters—notably Cesare Bendinelli—would lend itself well to the Baroque era, also known as the Golden Age of the natural trumpet.
During this period, a vast body of music was written for virtuoso trumpeters, the art was revived in the midth century and natural trumpet playing is again a thriving art around the world. The melody-dominated homophony of the classical and romantic periods relegated the trumpet to a role by most major composers owing to the limitations of the natural trumpet. Berlioz wrote inNotwithstanding the real loftiness and distinguished nature of its quality of tone, there are few instruments that have been more degraded.
The attempt to give the trumpet more chromatic freedom in its range saw the development of the keyed trumpet, the symphonies of Mozart, Beethoven, and as late as Brahms, were still played on natural trumpets 7. Trombone — The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. Like all brass instruments, sound is produced when the players vibrating lips cause the air column inside the instrument to vibrate, nearly all trombones have a telescoping slide mechanism that varies the length of the instrument to change the pitch.
Many modern trombone models also utilize a rotary valve as a means to lower pitch of the instrument, variants such as the valve trombone and superbone have three valves like those on the trumpet. The word trombone derives from Italian tromba and -one, so the name means large trumpet, the trombone has a predominantly cylindrical bore like its valved counterpart the baritone and in contrast to its conical valved counterparts, the euphonium and the horn.
The most frequently encountered trombones are the trombone and bass trombone. A person who plays the trombone is called a trombonist or trombone player, the trombone is a predominantly cylindrical tube bent into an elongated S shape.
Rather than being completely cylindrical from end to end, the tube is a series of tapers with the smallest at the mouthpiece receiver. The design of these affects the intonation of the instrument. As with other instruments, sound is produced by blowing air through pursed lips producing a vibration that creates a standing wave in the instrument. The detachable cup-shaped mouthpiece is similar to that of the baritone horn and it has the venturi, a small constriction of the air column that adds resistance greatly affecting the tone of the instrument, and is inserted into the mouthpiece receiver in the slide section.
The slide section consists of a leadpipe, the inner and outer tubes. Modern stays are soldered, while sackbuts were made with loose, the slide, the most distinctive feature of the trombone, allows the player to extend the length of the air column, lowering the pitch.
To prevent friction from slowing the action of the slide, additional sleeves were developed during the Renaissance, and this part of the slide must be lubricated frequently. Additional tubing connects the slide to the bell of the instrument through a neckpipe, for example, second position A is not in exactly the same place on the slide as second position E. Many types of trombone also include one or more rotary valves used to increase the length of the instrument by directing the air flow through additional tubing.
This allows the instrument to reach notes that are not possible without the valve as well as play other notes in alternate positions. Like the trumpet, the trombone is considered a cylindrical bore instrument since it has sections of tubing, principally in the slide section 8. Piano — The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented around the yearin which the strings are struck by hammers. It is played using a keyboard, which is a row of keys that the performer presses down or strikes with the fingers and thumbs of both hands to cause the hammers to strike the strings.
The word piano is a form of pianoforte, the Italian term for the early s versions of the instrument. The first fortepianos in the s had a sound and smaller dynamic range. An acoustic piano usually has a wooden case surrounding the soundboard and metal strings. Pressing one or more keys on the keyboard causes a padded hammer to strike the strings. The hammer rebounds from the strings, and the continue to vibrate at their resonant frequency.
These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a soundboard that amplifies by more efficiently coupling the acoustic energy to the air, when the key is released, a damper stops the strings vibration, ending the sound. Notes can be sustained, even when the keys are released by the fingers and thumbs and this means that the piano can play 88 different pitches, going from the deepest bass range to the highest treble. The black keys are for the accidentals, which are needed to play in all twelve keys, more rarely, some pianos have additional keys.
Most notes have three strings, except for the bass that graduates from one to two, the strings are sounded when keys are pressed or struck, and silenced by dampers when the hands are lifted from the keyboard. There are two types of piano, the grand piano and the upright piano. The grand piano is used for Classical solos, chamber music and art song and it is used in jazz. The upright piano, which is compact, is the most popular type, as they are a better size for use in private homes for domestic music-making.
During the nineteenth century, music publishers produced many works in arrangements for piano, so that music lovers could play. The piano is widely employed in classical, jazz, traditional and popular music for solo and ensemble performances, accompaniment, with technological advances, amplified electric pianos, electronic pianos, and digital pianos have also been developed. The electric piano became an instrument in the s and s genres of jazz fusion, funk music.
The piano was founded on earlier technological innovations in keyboard instruments, pipe organs have been used since Antiquity, and as such, the development of pipe organs enabled instrument builders to learn about creating keyboard mechanisms for sounding pitches 9. His mother, Vera Eubanks, is a gospel and classical pianist and organist and his uncle, Ray Bryant, was a jazz pianist.
His older brother, Robin Eubanks, is a trombonist, two cousins are also musicians, the late bassist David Eubanks and the pianist Charles Eubanks.
Kevin studied violin and trumpet before settling on the guitar, as an elementary school student, Eubanks was trained in violin, trumpet, and piano at the Settlement Music School in Philadelphia. He later attended Berklee College of Music in Boston and then moved to New York to begin his professional career, Eubanks is a pescetarian and maintains a diet of fresh fruits, vegetables, grains, egg whites, and fish.
He is also a fan of Philadelphia sports teams. He once lost a bet on the Philadelphia 76ers, and he was forced to eat a dog when he lost. Like his brother Robin, he has played on record with double bassist Dave Holland. Inwhile continuing to perform with others, he formed his own quartet, playing gigs in Jordan, Pakistan and his first recording as a leader, Guitarist, was released on the Elektra label when Eubanks was 25 years old.
In total, Eubanks has appeared on over albums, inhe founded the label Insoul Music on which he has released six albums. He served in capacity from to Electric guitar — The vibrations of the strings are sensed by a pickup, of which the most common type is the magnetic pickup, which uses the principle of direct electromagnetic induction.
The signal generated by a guitar is too weak to drive a loudspeaker, so it is plugged into a guitar amplifier before being sent to a loudspeaker. Art moved with his grandfather, grandmother, mother, brother and sister to Phoenix, Arizona when he was still four. He started to play the piano while in elementary school, then moved on to bass tuba and violin before settling on cornet and then trumpet at the age of thirteen.
His family was musical: He taught himself to read music and practiced his new main instrument, the trumpet. The brothers earned money by working in a cold-storage warehouse and by playing professionally. Art started playing trumpet professionally at the age of 16, performing in the bands of Horace Henderson, Jimmy Mundy, and Floyd Ray, among others. These opportunities came about through a combination of his ability and the absence of numerous older musicians, who were still in the armed forces following World War II.
Around this time in Los Angeles, there were abundant opportunities for musical development, according to Farmer: Farmer left high school early but persuaded the principal to give him a diploma, which he did not collect until a visit to the school in Performing for long periods seven days a week for this job put great pressure on his technique, which was insufficiently developed to cope with such physical demands.
His lip eventually became lacerated, and he could no longer play. He then received technique training in New York, where he worked for a time as a janitor and played as a freelance musician during and Club and studio work was hard to get in Los Angeles from the late s and into the s, as it was dominated by white musicians. The latter session produced six tracks that were released as singles.
Farmer relocated to New York and, on July 2,had his first recording session as leader. One of the others was pianist Thelonious Monk, who led a sextet that included Farmer on its performances on a version of the Steve Allen Show, broadcast on television on June 10, Feuds between the label bosses ruled out extensive cross-label collaboration.
At this time, Farmer also rented his trumpet on a nightly basis to Miles Davis, who had pawned his own due to his drug dependency. From the middle of the s, Farmer featured in recordings by leading arrangers of the day, including George Russell, Quincy Jones and Oliver Nelson, being in demand because of his reputation for being able to play anything. Nine out of ten modern trumpeters are true copies of Dizzy Gillespie or Miles Davis. Farmer formed the Jazztet inwith the composer and tenor saxophonist Benny Golson, after each man independently came to the conclusion that the other should be a member of his new sextet.
Hall left the second tour while the quartet, which included Swallow and drummer Pete La Roca, was engaged in Berlin, and a pianist replaced him; this was ultimately Steve Kuhn. These bands played laid back, melodious music during a period when avant-garde jazz was becoming more common.
Work opportunities, however, were diminishing as rock became more popular in the mids, so Farmer joined the pit orchestra of Elliot Lawrence for the production ofThe Apple Tree on Broadway, for six months. Career after permanent move to Europe The visits to Europe continued.