Helen Fisher: The brain in love | TED Talk Subtitles and Transcript | TED
dan gus dur bdt amazon extreme measures online subtitulada i will see year skrillex equinox album m deakin estate suikervrije producten maken .. on video me ama como te amo translation derdo rapids hanna heartbreaker. austin st #6ar you can see me movie quotes raab himself wife cinema velletri tap solisa ltda colombia dommage translate saint bonnet le chateau camping .. dur youtube r10 overdrive rebuild all of me jah cure traducida drain to source wieder german meaning stacole company boca raton equinox rim size . In the middle of the day Let me give my love to you Let me take your hand As we walk in the dimming light Or darling understand That.
Environmental challenges fall into the same three categories, and most of what we think about are local environmental problems: But there are also regional environmental problems, like acid rain from the Midwest to the Northeast, and from Western Europe to the Arctic, and from the Midwest out the Mississippi into the dead zone of the Gulf of Mexico.
And there are lots of those. But the climate crisis is the rare but all-important global, or strategic, conflict.
And we have to organize our response appropriately. We need a worldwide, global mobilization for renewable energy, conservation, efficiency and a global transition to a low-carbon economy. We have work to do. And we can mobilize resources and political will. But the political will has to be mobilized, in order to mobilize the resources. Let me show you these slides here. I thought I would start with the logo.
What's missing here, of course, is the North Polar ice cap. Twenty-eight years ago, this is what the polar ice cap — the North Polar ice cap — looked like at the end of the summer, at the fall equinox. This is what's happened in the last 28 years.
To put it in perspective, was the previous record. Here's what happened last fall that has really unnerved the researchers. The North Polar ice cap is the same size geographically — doesn't look quite the same size — but it is exactly the same size as the United States, minus an area roughly equal to the state of Arizona. The amount that disappeared in was equivalent to everything east of the Mississippi. The extra amount that disappeared last fall was equivalent to this much.
It comes back in the winter, but not as permanent ice, as thin ice — vulnerable. The amount remaining could be completely gone in summer in as little as five years. That puts a lot of pressure on Greenland. Already, around the Arctic Circle — this is a famous village in Alaska. This is a town in Newfoundland. Latest studies from NASA. The amount of a moderate-to-severe snow melting of an area equivalent to the size of California.
I want to share briefly a tale of two planets. Earth and Venus are exactly the same size. Earth's diameter is about kilometers larger, but essentially the same size.
They have exactly the same amount of carbon. But the difference is, on Earth, most of the carbon has been leeched over time out of the atmosphere, deposited in the ground as coal, oil, natural gas, etc. On Venus, most of it is in the atmosphere. The difference is that our temperature is 59 degrees on average. On Venus, it's This is relevant to our current strategy of taking as much carbon out of the ground as quickly as possible, and putting it into the atmosphere.
It's not because Venus is slightly closer to the Sun. It's three times hotter than Mercury, which is right next to the Sun. Now, briefly, here's an image you've seen, as one of the only old images, but I show it because I want to briefly give you CSI: The global scientific community says: You all know that. If it's more being trapped on the way out, then you would expect it to be warmer here and cooler here.
Here is the lower atmosphere. Now, here's the good news. Sixty-eight percent of Americans now believe that human activity is responsible for global warming.
Sixty-nine percent believe that the Earth is heating up in a significant way. There has been progress, but here is the key: What is missing is a sense of urgency. If you agree with the factual analysis, but you don't feel the sense of urgency, where does that leave you? Well, the Alliance for Climate Protection, which I head in conjunction with Current TV — who did this pro bono — did a worldwide contest to do commercials on how to communicate this.
This is the winner. NBC — I'll show all of the networks here — the top journalists for NBC asked questions in of the presidential candidates: From laughs to tears — this is one of the older tobacco commercials.
So here's what we're doing. This is gasoline consumption in all of these countries. But it's not just the developed nations. The developing countries are now following us and accelerating their pace. And actually, their cumulative emissions this year are the equivalent to where we were in And they're catching up very dramatically.
If the wealthy countries were completely missing from the picture, we would still have this crisis. But we have given to the developing countries the technologies and the ways of thinking that are creating the crisis. This is in Bolivia — over thirty years. This is peak fishing in a few seconds. We have to stop this. And the good news is that we can. We have the technologies. We have to have a unified view of how to go about this: People say, "What's the solution?
Put a price on carbon. We need a CO2 tax, revenue neutral, to replace taxation on employment, which was invented by Bismarck — and some things have changed since the 19th century. In the poor world, we have to integrate the responses to poverty with the solutions to the climate crisis. Plans to fight poverty in Uganda are mooted, if we do not solve the climate crisis. But responses can actually make a huge difference in the poor countries.
This is a proposal that has been talked about a lot in Europe. This was from Nature magazine. These are concentrating solar, renewable energy plants, linked in a so-called "supergrid" to supply all of the electrical power to Europe, largely from developing countries — high-voltage DC currents. This is not pie in the sky; this can be done. We need to do it for our own economy. The latest figures show that the old model is not working. There are a lot of great investments that you can make.
If you are investing in tar sands or shale oil, then you have a portfolio that is crammed with sub-prime carbon assets. And it is based on an old model. Junkies find veins in their toes when the ones in their arms and their legs collapse. Developing tar sands and coal shale is the equivalent. Here are just a few of the investments that I personally think make sense.
I have a stake in these, so I'll have a disclaimer there. But geothermal, concentrating solar, advanced photovoltaics, efficiency and conservation.
You've seen this slide before, but there's a change. The only two countries that didn't ratify — and now there's only one. Australia had an election. And there was a campaign in Australia that involved television and Internet and radio commercials to lift the sense of urgency for the people there.
And we trained people to give the slide show in every town and village and city in Australia. Around the world, people love. They sing for love, they dance for love, they compose poems and stories about love. They tell myths and legends about love.
Meet Me on the Equinox - Wikipedia
They pine for love, they live for love, they kill for love, and they die for love. As Walt Whitman once said, "O I would stake all for you.
They've never found a society that did not have it. But love isn't always a happy experience. In one study of college students, they asked a lot of questions about love, but the two that stood out to me the most were: Almost nobody gets out of love alive.
So, before I start telling you about the brain, I want to read for you what I think is the most powerful love poem on Earth. There's other love poems that are, of course, just as good, but I don't think this one can be surpassed. It was told by an anonymous Kwakiutl Indian of southern Alaska to a missionary in And here it is. I've never had the opportunity to say it before.
Pain runs through my body with the fires of my love for you. Pain like a boil about to burst with my love for you, consumed by fire with my love for you. I remember what you said to me. I am thinking of your love for me. I am torn by your love for me. Pain and more pain — where are you going with my love? I am told you will go from here. I am told you will leave me here. My body is numb with grief. Remember what I said, my love. Goodbye, my love, goodbye. How many people around the world are dancing with elation at this very minute?
- Meet Me on the Equinox
Romantic love is one of the most powerful sensations on Earth. So, several years ago, I decided to look into the brain and study this madness. Our first study of people who were happily in love has been widely publicized, so I'm only going to say very little about it. We found activity in a tiny, little factory near the base of the brain called the ventral tegmental area. We found activity in some cells called the A10 cells, cells that actually make dopamine, a natural stimulant, and spray it to many brain regions.
Indeed, this part, the VTA, is part of the brain's reward system. It's way below your cognitive thinking process. It's below your emotions. It's part of what we call the reptilian core of the brain, associated with wanting, with motivation, with focus and with craving. In fact, the same brain region where we found activity becomes active also when you feel the rush of cocaine.
But romantic love is much more than a cocaine high — at least you come down from cocaine. Romantic love is an obsession, it possesses you. You lose your sense of self. You can't stop thinking about another human being. Somebody is camping in your head. As an eighth-century Japanese poet said, "My longing had no time when it ceases. And the obsession can get worse when you've been rejected.
So, right now, Lucy Brown and I, the neuroscientists on our project, are looking at the data of the people who were put into the machine after they had just been dumped. It was very difficult actually, putting these people in the machine, because they were in such bad shape. Laughter So anyway, we found activity in three brain regions.
We found activity in the brain region, in exactly the same brain region associated with intense romantic love. What a bad deal. You know, when you've been dumped, the one thing you love to do is just forget about this human being, and then go on with your life — but no, you just love them harder. As the poet Terence, the Roman poet once said, he said, "The less my hope, the hotter my love. Two thousand years later, we can explain this in the brain.
That brain system — the reward system for wanting, for motivation, for craving, for focus — becomes more active when you can't get what you want.
In this case, life's greatest prize: We found activity in other brain regions also — in a brain region associated with calculating gains and losses. You're lying there, you're looking at the picture, and you're in this machine, and you're calculating what went wrong. What have I lost?
As a matter of fact, Lucy and I have a little joke about this. It comes from a David Mamet play, and there's two con artists in the play, and the woman is conning the man, and the man looks at the woman and says, "Oh, you're a bad pony, I'm not going to bet on you. It's also the brain region that becomes active when you're willing to take enormous risks for huge gains and huge losses.
Last but not least, we found activity in a brain region associated with deep attachment to another individual. No wonder people suffer around the world, and we have so many crimes of passion. When you've been rejected in love, not only are you engulfed with feelings of romantic love, but you're feeling deep attachment to this individual. Moreover, this brain circuit for reward is working, and you're feeling intense energy, intense focus, intense motivation and the willingness to risk it all, to win life's greatest prize.
So, what have I learned from this experiment that I would like to tell the world? Foremost, I have come to think that romantic love is a drive, a basic mating drive. Not the sex drive — the sex drive gets you looking for a whole range of partners. Romantic love enables you to focus your mating energy on just one at a time, conserve your mating energy, and start the mating process with this single individual.
I think of all the poetry that I've read about romantic love, what sums it up best is something that is said by Plato over 2, years ago. He said, "The god of love lives in a state of need. It is a need, it is an urge, it is a homeostatic imbalance. Like hunger and thirst, it's almost impossible to stamp out.