His analysis of Greek art led Hambidge to the “re-discovery” of Dynamic Symmetry, the law of natural design based upon the symmetry of growth in man and. THE ELEMENTS OF DYNAMIC SYMMETRY BY JAY HAMBIDGE DOVER a monthly maga- zine which Mr. Hambidge published while he was in Europe. He found his answer in dynamic symmetry, one of the most provocative and stimulating theories in art history. Hambidge’s study of Greek art convinced him that.

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Newer Post Older Post Home. In the former, given a reasonable equipment for a journey, we ad- vance freely in the direction of our goal. According to Vitruvius the Greeks learned symmetry from the human figure and were most particular in symmetdy it to their works of art, especially to their temples. Refresh and try again. Draw GE a diagonal to the whole. The simplest and most direct method for this purpose is that of constructing the required figure, minus a square, hzmbidge a square, and then drawing a diagonal to the entire area.

We find other points on this curve by the process described above.

The Elements of Dynamic Symmetry by Jay Hambidge

The static symmetry used by the Greeks, before they obtained knowledge of dynamic symmetry, depended upon an area being divided into even multiple parts, such as a square and a half, three-quarters, one-quarter, one- third, two-thirds, etc.

Lesson 5 35 2 By a right-angled triangle, one side of which is the diagonal of the rectangle, Fig. For the arithmetical constructions the scale is used. Rectilineal figures contained by three sides are called triangles.


Are there basic rules governing design that, when learned, will facilitate the creative process? But still it is almost always static. Indeed, this is the distinction between the Greek and the barbarian. Thus, we have grounds for the final conclusions.

Jay Hambidge – Illustration History

The elementary principles in Part I will give the student a working use of the idea. From the corners GB of Fig. The point of intersection of the diagonal of a reciprocal with the diagonal of the rectangle is the pole or eye of a rectangular spiral, Fig. Preserving the square is the first interesting feature of parallelogram dynamic transformation. The skeleton, however, is the source par excellence for the artist.

A httle practice will enable the student to construct any rectangle from its ratio with great rapidity. This complement balance is well understood by color authorities.

It is clear that now it is composed of a square plus some other area which may be composed of either a square or squares or some fractional part of a square. Thus, the peculiarity of natural phyllotaxis lattices to renew their conforming characteristics at any stage of symmetrical development is taken into account. It is apparent that this shape is equal to the root-five rectangle minus one of the small rectangles FC or BE of Fig.

The sides of parallelogram hamvidge 4 at the fourth stage appear to be equal the sections 00′ 2 and 00′ 3.

We may reverse the process and select orange, crimson or violet. Mark Brewer October 7, at 1: In the coordinate system X0Y the formulae of the coordinates of the arbitrary point look like hyperbolic functions: Also used for flower cluster itself.


Therefore the square on its hypotenuse equals 1 -f 2, or 3; and the side of this square or the diagonal of the root-two rectangle equals V3- Thus the linear proportion 1: In geometry a mean proportional line is equivalent to a square root. In the case under consideration, Fig.

Jay Hambidge

Static symmetry, as the name implies, is a symmetry which has a sort of fixed entity or state. Different features of logarithmic and natural lattices are explained by different mathematical nature of these two curves. This, however, is not more reliable than ha,bidge Vitruvian statements.

In Fig, 2d the diagonal of the root-three rectangle is used as the base of a rectangle with sides of the lengths i and V4- This is called a root-four rectangle.

The mean is the side of a square equal in area to the area of a rectangle made by the extremes or 2 as end and 8 as side. The area ED, represented by the ratio 1.

The Greeks obtained knowledge of dynamic symmetry from the Egyptians some time during the 6th century B. When this root-five area is placed hambirge a square it becomes necessary to define the nature of the area of the square in excess of the root-five shape.