History of Baalbek [Michel M. Alouf, Tedd St Rain] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. At one time, the worldwide fame of the ruins at Baalbek. Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is now modern day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa Valley. Inhabited as early. Author: Michel M. Alouf; Category: Voyages; Length: Pages; Year:

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What repression there was did not always target the Christian community per se. It is vacant since decades, having had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting ranks Archi- or Episcopal at the time: There is, however, tantalizing evidence to show that some of the earliest archaeologists and European travellers to visit Baalbek came away believing that the Great Platform was much older than the nearby Roman temples.

Yet family alliances of this type can go wrong, for according to the various ancient writers on this subject, 68 after the fall of the Tower of Babel and the dispersion of the tribes, a war broke out between Cronus and his brother Titan.

Many Roman emperors were of Syrian extraction, so it would not have been unusual for them to have promoted the worship of the country’s indigenous deities under their adopted Roman names. He says that the ‘auxiliaries’ or ‘allies’ of Cronus, presumably in battle, were the ‘Eloeim’ a misspelling of the term Elohim, the sons of whom the bene ha-elohim were said to have been a divine race that came unto the Daughters of Man who subsequently gave birth to giant offspring known as the Nephilimor so records to the Book of Genesis and various uncanonical works of Judaic origin.

On the other hand, a stone column drum originally intended for the Temple of Jupiter was apparently found among the foundation rubble placed beneath the podium wall.

Their progeny, the Nephilim, were half-mortalhalf-Watcherand there is tentative evidence in the writings of Sumer and Akkad to suggest that the accounts of great battles being fought between mythical kings and demons dressed as bird-men might well preserve the distorted memories of actual conflicts between mortal armies and Nephilim-led tribes.

Each night she takes on the form of a swallow to fly around the pillar. It is a sign of the times in the troubled Middle East.

History of Baalbek

Nowhere in extant Roman records does it mention anything alouuf all about the architects and engineers involved in the construction of the Great Platform. The tallest retaining wall, on the west, has a second course of monoliths containing the famous ” Three Stones ” Greek: Ragette suggests the ‘bury and re-excavate’ method, 33 where ramps of compacted earth would be constructed on a slight incline up to the top of the wall – which before the Trilithon was added stood at an estimated twenty-five feet high.


Camulodunum Lindum Colonia Londinium. Other classical temple complexes have been built upon much earlier megalithic structures. With correspondence to modern geography. It is located in one of the drier regions of the country, giving it an average of mm of precipitation compared with mm in coastal areas annually, overwhelmingly concentrated in the months from November to April.

Baalbek – Lebanon’s Sacred Fortress

And even if we alou that they did have the ability, then this cannot definitively date the various building phases ot Baalbek. Byblos is the clear name used in Plutarch’s account, but for some reason noted Egyptologists such as Sir E.

These plans were the most exact to be obtained at that time; the German Mission have provided us with more precise ones. Every year a human head floats from Egypt to Byblos’. The settlers of the Roman colony Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana may have arrived as early as the time of Caesar [4] [39] but were more probably the veterans of the 5th and 8th Legions under Augustus[31] [48] [18] during which time it hosted a Roman garrison.

According to Professor H. He was forced to relinquish it to Nur ad-Din in [19] after Ayyub had successfully intrigued against Abaq from his estates near Baalbek. It also extended north-eastwards to where a great court, an observation tower, an enclosed hexagonal court and a raised, open-air altar were incorporated into the overall design. In fact, the largest Roman temples ever built were not in Rome, but were found at Baalbek. This quarry was slightly higher than the temple complex, [] [] so no lifting was required to move the stones.

They have suggested that the Romans built upon an existing structure of immense antiquity. Yet incorporated into one of its courses are the three largest building blocks ever used in a man-made structure. New Dawn Magazine No. In the early 2nd century, Trajan added the temple’s forecourt, with porticos of pink granite shipped from Aswan at the southern end of Egypt.

Ultimately, the site vied with Praeneste in Italy as the two largest sanctuaries in the Western world. No one can rightly say whether or not the Romans really did have the knowledge and expertise to construct the Great Platform; certainly some of the Temple of Jupiter’s tall columns of Aswan granite, at sixty-five feet in height, are among the largest in the world.


Ayyub then administered the area from Damascus on Nur ad-Din’s behalf. And if we are to accept the baalbem explanation, then who exactly were these ‘ giants’, gigantes or Titans of Greek tradition?

So what was it that so convinced early archaeologists and travelers that the Trilithon was much older than the rest of the temple complex? His reasoning for this assertion was that, in the words of Ragette, he saw ‘no inherent relation between the Roman temple and this work’. Alouf Snippet baalbwk – The entrance to the Temple of Bacchus in the s. The ruins of Constantine ‘s basilica in It is pf by the waves until it finally reaches Byblos, where it comes to rest in the midst of a tamarisk bush, which immediately grows to become a magnificent tree of great size.

He in turn delivered them up to the priests and prophets until they came into the possession of one Isiris, ‘the inventor of the three letters, the brother of Chna who is called the first Phoenician. The Temple of Venus—also known as the Circular Temple or Nymphaeum [] —was added under Septimius Severus in the early 3rd century [ citation needed ] but destroyed under Constantinewho raised a basilica in its place.

History of Baalbek · | OUR Heritage

For instance, there is Sidon, the daughter of Pontus, who ‘by the excellence of her singing first invented the hymns of odes or praises’. Even more extraordinary is the fact that in a limestone quarry about one quarter of a mile away from the Baalbek complex is an even larger building block.

Riyaq—Homs”Al Mashriq: Some scholars look upon Sanchoniatho’s writings as spurious, but others see them as preserving archaic myths of the earliest Phoenicians. I refer to the almighty Temple of Jupiter, situated besides two smaller temples, one dedicated to Venus, the goddess of love, and the other dedicated to Bacchus, the god of fertility and good cheer although some argue this temple was dedicated to Mercury, the winged god of communication.

Yet an account of this same story given by a Chaldean writer named Thallusstates that instead of being banished to Tartarus, Gyges was ‘smitten, and fled to Tartessus’. Negroland by Charles H.