Heterodoxus spiniger (Enderlein, ) on domestic dogs (Canis familiaris, L. ) from the city of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. Heterodoxus spiniger Enderlein, G. Usage: valid. Reference: Anopluren ( Siphunculaten) und Mallophagen 79 – Authors: Enderlein, G. Number: 2. Pages. Trop Biomed. Jun;29(2) The dog louse Heterodoxus spiniger from stray cats in Penang, Malaysia. Norhidayu S(1), Mohd Zain SN, Jeffery J, Lewis.

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This species is the most damaging of the bird lice [7]. Vegetation is typically sparse, though spectacular blooms may occur following rain. In dune areas vegetation is also sparse and conditions are dry. Biting-stress leads to loss of production from heavy infestations. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends.

The lice may penetrate the blood vessels at base of feathers, leading to anemia. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as heterodxus highlands of central Mexico.

Heterodoxus spiniger | Dog louse, the enemy of your dog´s ha… | Vexthorm | Flickr

Like all lice, Heterodoxus spiniger experiences a gradual metamorphosis, starting with an egg nit. Infestations with the actively mobile M. Note that in comparison to an infestation of sheep with psoroptic scab mites Bovicola lice do not directly cause the skin to form moist scabs, the surface of the skin will appear intact, although with heavy infestations self-grooming may damage the skin. This is because sand does not hold water well so little is available to plants.


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The dog louse Heterodoxus spiniger from stray cats in Penang, Malaysia.

Heterodoxus spiniger feeds on the skin of canines. Journal of Medical Entomology Spniger other members of the family Boopiidaethese lice have two claws on each pretarsus, unlike species in the Ischnoceran family Trichodectidae which may parasitize domestic animals.

Canine filariasis on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands. Parasitic Insects, Mites and Ticks: No information is available on how these lice communicate with one another. Heterodoxus spiniger is found on canines on all continents except Antarctica and Europe. There are spiracles on the lateral edges of the body through which breathing occurs. Colless, ; Price and Graham, ; von Keler, Key Behaviors parasite motile Communication and Perception Lice have short antennae, which are presumably used for chemoreception as well as for “feeling” their way around.

The ischnoceran lice that infest domestic animals are in two families.

Such infestations lead to the hair-coat having a lousy appearance: It is usually found at the very proximal end of the hair shaft, close to the skin, often in the posterior dorsal region of the body Price and Graham, ; Roberts and Janovy, Informal report to the th meeting of the Helminthological society of Washington, May 17, Young birds are particularly harmed by these lice; infestations can build up rapidly, leaving the birds weak and even killing them.

Savannas heterosoxus grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy.

Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: Bovicola bovis feeding activity can cause damage to the appearance of jeterodoxus hides. Australian Journal of ZoologySupplement Heterodoxus spiniger has also been reported infesting domestic cats but where the cats were close to heavily infested dogs [6].


A large change in the shape or structure of an animal that happens as the animal grows. They also retain vestiges of eyes on the lateral sides of the head Price and Graham, heterdooxus Appendix 2 to Keler, S. Heterodoxus spiniger infests domestic dogs and other canids, also marsupial mammals.

Heterodoxus spiniger

Dipetalonema reconditum Grassi, from the dog with a note on its development in the flea, Ctenocephalides felisand the louse, Heterodoxus spiniger. Pathological effects are only likely if the host is already in poor condition from other parasites or malnutrition.

In other languages Add links. Cuclotogaster heterographus Head-louse infests chickens on the skin and feathers of their head; sometimes extending onto the neck [5]. The dog becomes infected when it ingests infected lice that it has groomed off [3].

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Journal of Medical Entomology6: Heterodoxus spiniger was originally identified in Australia on the wallaby, but typically infests only canines. Boopidae from cats in Singapore.

The dog louse Heterodoxus spiniger from stray cats in Penang, Malaysia.

Goniocotes gallinae Fluff-louse commonly infests poultry, amongst the down feathers over most of the body. Journal of Helminthology Heterodoxus spiniger is an obligate ectoparasite of canids. Infestations are particularly dense on the breast, thighs, and around the vent.