Common Name(s): Common sea fan. Colony Form: Monoplanar fan to at least 1 m across. Axis: Cylindrical or slightly compressed in plane of fan on small. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Gorgonia ventalina – Common sea fan. Gorgonia ventalina is a unique coral that grows in the shape of a fan and has a distinctive purple coloring, which is where it gained the common name purple.

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The polyps of the G. Trotonia hamnerorum is a specialized predator on G. This results in damaged patches, gallspurpling of the tissues, and even coral death. The branches are round or slightly compressed in the plane of the fan.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Synapomorphy of the Anthozoa. Cary, May 15, ; Colin, Cyphoma gibbosum feeds on gorgonian polyps by crawling slowly over the skeleton.

There have been studies into the role that sea fans, including G. Some Anthozoans show a sensitivity to light. Gorgonia ventalinathe purple sea fanis a species of sea fan, an octocoral in the family Gorgoniidae. Corals Sponges Soft Corals and other groups. Neotropical living in the southern part of the New World.


Both may exceed 1.

Linnaeus[1]. Coral Reefs11 3: A passive feeder, Gorgonia ventalina orients itself in the path of the sea current, so that the current flows past the fan and the zooplankton in the current are caught and eaten.

Marine Invertebrates of Bermuda. Certain organisms, such as the brittle star and the basket starfish, use the tall G.

Cary, May 15, ; Druffel, August 5, Colin, ; Kester, ; Sterrer, This coral is sometimes attacked by the fungus Aspergillus sydowii which causes aspergillosis. The cause of death is attributed to the lack of food gorgobia oxygen to the polyp. Once a planulae polyp is settled on a hard surface, the young polyp creates a horizonatal layer of aragonite called the basal disk.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Coralpedia – Gorgonia ventalina

Marine Invertebrates and Plants of the Living Reef. The main branches of G. It is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific Ocean. This needs close -up observation to distinguish; otherwise, the presence of side growths on G.


They form the basis for rich communities of other invertebrates, plants, fish, and protists. However, it is not found in the Gulf of Mexico.

World Register of Vnetalina Species. These and other sturctures called septa form the skeletal boundaries found at the bottom of the coral polyps, which are left behind as a result of the upward growth of the polyp.


gorgoina Colonies can be 1 m in height and can be almost as broad. Seashore life of Florida and the Carribbean. Limnology and Oceanography17 2: The skeleton is composed of calcite and gorgonion, a collagen -like compound.

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Gorgonia ventalina

Coral reefs are found in warm, shallow oceans with low nutrient availability. It also contains certain secondary metabolites in its tissues which are distasteful.

Gorgonia ventalina has several ecosystem roles, primarily by serving as a substrate for many other organisms. The fans can be large, 1.