In , our only Souslik was joined by a pair from Edinburgh Zoo. After hibernation, in spring , we were saw the first litter born. Learn more about the European ground squirrel – with amazing European ground squirrel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Spermophilus citellus with the common name European souslik, belongs to the Mammals group.

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The European ground squirrel Spermophilus citellusalso known as the European souslikis a species from the squirrel family, Sciuridae. They reach maturity the following ejropean and may live for eight to ten years. Mexican ground squirrel I. Terms of Use – The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to Arkive’s online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only.

Following 25 days of development in the womb, the females give birth to a litter of 4 to 11 young which receive milk for around 30 days before being weaned.

Gale Group, Farmington Hills, Michigan. X Close Image credit. European sousliks mate only once a year. If you are able to help please contact: The ssouslik life cycle has a marked periodicity: The European ground squirrel aouslik endemic to central and southeastern Europe where its range is divided by the Carpathian Mountains.

Other species of the genus are found in Asia, but most of them in North America, where they range from Mexico to Alaska. European ground squirrel Spermophilus citellus.

European ground squirrel videos, photos and facts – Spermophilus citellus | Arkive

Soon after emerging there is a scramble amongst the males to eurropean access to the reproductively active females. Urbanisation, residential and commercial development as well as traffic development with subsequent problems such as the barrier effect, mortality due to collision with vehicles, pollution etc. Unlike many other ground squirrels, it does not stock-pile food but must rely on doubling its body mass to see it through the long winter 2 3.

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Franklin’s ground squirrel P. Find out more For more information on the conservation of European ground squirrels see: That the European souslik is the only European representative of the genus Spermophilus? It also makes various soft chirruping and growling soslik. At other places in the home range sousli digs unbranched bolt holes in which to hide if danger threatens. In common with all ground-dwelling squirrels, it is mostly active during the hours of sunlight, devoting most of its attention to foraging for food.

The females give birth to up to 7 young, rarely 9. This period of breeding lasts three to four weeks, with each female mating with only one male. Non-arable areas abandoned lands, pastures, meadows, etc. Each individual occupies a separate chamber and during this period, the souslikk temperature drops to 2. They reach sexual maturity in one year.

This research will provide crucial data in determining appropriate future conservation measures 1. The underside is pale with a sandy-coloured abdomen. The ears are short and the tail is relatively long mm. The legs are powerful with souslok claws well adapted for digging. European ground squirrel habitat An inhabitant of open landscape without dense vegetation cover, the European ground squirrel is normally found in short-grass habitats on light, well-drained soils 1 eurolean.

It finds this on the steppes and in pasture, in dry banks, on sports fields, parks and lawns.

European Souslik

Steppe Semi-arid grassland with few trees. CS1 Polish-language sources pl Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations Articles containing video clips.

Detailed mapping of the distribution, explanation of the intraspecific structure [7] and assessment of the state of the numbers of local populations and their habitats. Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesejropeanUSAWetlands sousoik, wildlife Monday 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Spermophilus citellus Linnaeus Cape hare Lepus capensis.

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European ground squirrel range The European ground squirrel is endemic to central and eastern Europe, from the Czech Republic in the northwest to Turkey in the southeast 1. The European souslik is endemic to Europe.

European ground squirrel

The European ground squirrel is endemic to central and eastern Europe, from the Czech Republic in the northwest to Turkey in the southeast 1. For instance if the payments in AES require late mowing of grasslands due to focus on some bird species, this can harm some species which need short grass throughout the vegetation season end of May and June — like European eurooean.

Arctic ground squirrel Spermophilus parryii. Effective application of the Biological Diversity Act for priority preservation of its habitats by working out regional management plans in the context of the programmes for the development of rural regions and, in particular, the implementation of traditional practices for pasture animal breeding.

In the short grass steppe habitat the species represents one of the main prey for several top predators listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive, such as the Imperial Eagle Aquila heliacaLesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarinaSaker Falcon Falco cherrug etc. Rather over half of the day was spent foraging but other activities observed included exploration, running, sitting, grooming, digging, scent marking and vigilance.

European ground squirrel threats The conversion of steppe grassland and pasture into cultivated farmland and forestry is chiefly responsible for a serious decline in the population of European ground squirrels europeqn 3.

A ground species with a diurnal activity. Citellus declared in that the species is threatened over most of its range. Uinta ground squirrel U. European ground squirrel Conservation status. Citellus is 3 to 5 years.