Acronym: CCA. Sometimes referred to as warehouse moth or tropical warehouse moth; scientific references may use Ephestia cautella. The reduction in mating of Ephestia cautella caused by permeation of the atmosphere with synthetic sex pheromone components was investigated in the. Adults of Ephestia cautella (Wlk.) were exposed to pressures of , , , and mm Hg at 26 ± 1 °C and 70 ± 5% r.h., in a specially designed.
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The tropical warehouse moth is a major pest of a range of stored foods, especially cereals maize, rice, wheat, sorghum, millet, oats flours and other cereal products, dried cassava, groundnuts, cocoa beans, dried mango, dates, nutmeg, mace, cowpeas and other dried stored products.
Almond moth larvae are mostly gray with darker heads. Braconidae and Trichogramma pretiosum Hymenoptera: Talwana, Makerere University; John R.
Retrieved from ” https: Adults are dull greyish-brown moths with faint markings on fore wings, mm long.
Eventually, the male will make a complete rotation so that they are facing in opposite directions with only their genitalia in contact.
Larval period is days after which pupation takes place in the corners and crevices in a dull whitish cocoon. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cadra cautella. Adults avoid strong light and rest in dark places with wings folded over the abdomen.
Forewings epphestia grey-brown and banded with lighter and darker colours. Larval growth and rate of development depends on temperature. When pupation draws near, they generally migrate away from the foodstuff, and climb walls in search of crevices to pupate safely away from the food source.
Mortality tended to be increased with the increasing of temperature and exposure time. Xylocoris flavipes is a type of beetle which feeds preferentially on the eggs and early larval stages of the almond moth.
Almond moth – Wikipedia
Fronting-up involves the male positioning himself first in front of the female and rapidly flapping his wings, which contain many scent scales. This, in addition to other mechanical barriers to insemination, make copulation rare. Journal of Pest Science The purpose of the epjestia was to verify the efficacy of a mating-disruption system MD applied in a confectionary factory infested by almond moths, Ephestia cautella Walkerusing pheromone traps and the presence of spermatophores in females caught with water traps.
Image source unknown Larva of the tropical warehouse moth, Cadra cautella. Larva of the tropical warehouse moth, Cadra cautella.
Hexapoda Insecta ; Order: The Tropical warehouse moth is often confused with the Indian meal moth Plodia interpunctella. Journal of Economic Entomology. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata.
Ephestia cautella, Tropical Warehouse Moth – The Fig moth
In heavy infestation the surface of the entire stock can be covered by silken webs left behind by the wandering larvae. Stored Products Management, 2nd Ed. Views Read Edit View history. Caterpillars produce a lot of webbed galleries and join the grains together and also contaminate food items with faecal matter.
In an integrated pest management programme, the combined use of MD and water traps eliminates large numbers of male and female almond moths. Cosmopolitan in the tropical and warmer temperate areas of the world. The almond moth is commonly regarded as a pest because it can be found in various kinds of dry food products including, but not limited to: Like the raisin moth, the almond moth has achieved an essentially cosmopolitan distribution due to inadvertent transport with food products in its larval form.
The tropical warehouse moth infests dried fruit and nuts, cereals, oil seeds, cakes and chocolate products.
Ephestia Cautella, Warehouse Almond Moth – Russell IPM – SPI
Crop Protection Compendium, Edition. Zeitschrift des Wiener Entomologen-Vereins Previous tab Next tab. Eggs are laid anywhere on the grains or on any surface near the grains. Caterpillar below and pupa above in peanut husks. This information will be useful in developing strategies for suppressing E.
Incubation period is days only. The prespermatophoric ejaculate also likely contains nutritive compounds, which contribute to the health of future offspring and the female herself. Fumigation of grain stocks with phosphine will control existing infestations but will not protect against re-infestation. The larvae of tropical warehouse moths commonly attack grains, nuts, dried fruits and a great variety of other stored products. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 55 4: The wing span is mm and both fore- and hind-wings have broadly rounded tips and short fringes of hairs.
The almond moth often takes part in courtship with other species, especially with the Indian mealmoth Plodia interpunctella. Adults The adult forewings are greyish-brown with scattered darker patches.