http://www. taken there, don’t you agree?” “Most people would say you are right. Over at the inn you can talk to people who have. The Switchman1. Juan José Arreola.

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El Guardagujas… de Juan José Arreola

In some cases, new towns, like the town of F. In their view, their elaborate system, which includes accommodations for years-long trips and even for deaths, is very good. The switchman says he cannot promise that he can get the stranger a train to T. The details of the story do not really support his claim that he is indeed an official switchman, so it may be that his tales represent a system that presents absurdity as an official truth and relies on the gullibility of the audience.

El Guardagujas de Juan José Arreola – video dailymotion

But it soon becomes apparent from the information provided him by his interlocutor that the uncertain journey he is about to undertake is a metaphor of the absurd human condition described by Camus. His best-known and most anthologized tale, “The Switchman” exemplifies his taste for humor, satire, fantasy, and philosophical themes.

Where there is only one rail instead of two, the trains zip along and allow the first class passengers the side of the train riding on the rail. The old man then dissolves in the clear morning air, and only the red speck of the lantern remains visible before the noisily approaching engine.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.

But upon inquiring again where the stranger wants to go, the switchman receives the answer X instead of T. The switchman turns to tell the stranger guardagujae he is lucky.

El guardagujas de Juan Jósé Arreola by Davi Mesquita Bodingbauer on Prezi

In the final lines of Arreola’s story the assertion of the stranger now referred to as the traveler that he is going to X rather than T indicates that he has become an absurd man ready to set out for an unknown destination. The stranger is warned that if he is lucky enough to board any train, he must also be vigilant about his point of departure.

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The stranger still wishes to travel on his train to T. In addition, it is not really clear that the system does operate in the way the switchman claims: Modern Language Association http: The switchman explains how the railroad company thinks of their railway system. The switchman tells the stranger that the inn is filled with people who have made that very same assumption, and who may one day actually get there.

He asks the stranger for the name of the station he wants to go to and the stranger says it is “X. Though some consider him to be a pioneer in the field on non-realistic literature, critics of him felt that social conditions in Mexico demanded a more realistic examination of the inequalities. The stranger wants to know if a train going to T. Thus, the stranger’s heavy suitcase symbolizes the burden of reason he carries about, and the inn resembles a jail, the place where others like him are lodged before setting out on life’s absurd journey.

Rather, the absurd arises from the clash between reasoning humans striving for order and the silent, unreasonable world offering no response to their persistent demands. Awareness of the absurd human condition can come at any moment, but it is most likely to happen when, suddenly confronted by the meaninglessness of hectic daily routine, he or she asks the question “Why? The latter comes closest to the most convincing interpretation, namely, that Arreola has based his tale on Albert Camus ‘s philosophy of the absurd as set forth in The Myth of Sisyphus, a collection of essays Camus published in The image immediately thereafter of the tiny red lantern swinging back and forth before the onrushing train conveys the story’s principal theme: The stranger is very confused; he has no plans to stay.

The horrified stranger, who keeps insisting that he must arrive at destination T the next day, is therefore advised to rent a room in a nearby inn, an ash-colored building resembling a jail where would-be travelers are lodged. He feels that those with authority create absurd laws and conditions in their domain, and their subjects often willingly accept these absurdities, much like ordinary train passengers.

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The railroad management was so pleased that they decided to suspend any official bridge building and instead encourage the stripping and recreation of future trains. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Print this article Print all entries for this guardaujas Cite this article. Retrieved April 12, Three years later Arreola guardsgujas a scholarship to study in Paris, where he may well have read these highly acclaimed essays.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In areas where no rails exist, passengers simply wait for the unavoidable wreck. The short story was originally published as a confabularioa word created in Spanish by Arreola, inin the collection Confabulario and Other Inventions.

The railroad company occasionally creates false train stations in remote locations to abandon people when the trains become too crowded.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Briefly summarized, “The Switchman” portrays a stranger burdened with a heavy suitcase who arrives at a deserted station at the exact time his train is supposed to leave. Then, copy and paste the text arreeola your bibliography or works cited list.

When he asks if the train has left, the old man wonders if the traveler has been in the country very long and advises him to find lodging at the local inn for at least a month. The absurd human is one who recognizes a lack of clear purpose in life and therefore resolves to commit himself or herself to the struggle for order against the guardaujas, fortuitous reality he or she encounters.