The Xanthophyta or Heterokontae are commonly known as yellow-green algae include only one class Xanthophyceae. This division has close relationship with. Xanthophyta (yellow-green algae) A division of algae in which the chloroplasts are yellow-green and which form motile cells with 1 long, forward-directed tinsel. Xanthophyta: Xanthophyta, division or phylum of algae commonly known as yellow-green algae.

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Opposite each nucleus arises a pair of flagella. It is likely, however, that meiosis is zygotic and hence the vegetative filament is haploid Fig. The oogonium bears single large, uninucleate oosphere, while the antheridium gives rise to numerous small biflagellate sperms bearing unequal flagella. According to Adl et al. Other Xanthophyceae Classes are Tribonema, whose structure consists of unbranched filaments; Botrydiopsis, such as the species Botrydium with several thalli, each thallus formed by a large aerial vesicle and rhizoidal filaments, found in damp soil; Olisthodiscus, such as the species Ophiocytium with cylindrical and elongated multinucleated cells and multiple chloroplasts.

Each vegetative cell has a wall composed chiefly of pectic substances which, depending on species, may be impregnated with silica.

Biology Notes on Xanthophyta | Algae

The central portion of the filament is occupied by a large vacuole; the cytoplasm is in a thin, peripheral layer continuous along its entire length. Chlorophyll b is absent. One of xwnthophyta outstanding features of the Xanthophyta is the presence of motile cells bearing two flagella of unequal length.

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Yellow-green algae

Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Here’s how it works: All species are oogamous.


When the oogonium is mature, xanthophya end of the beak opens slightly and the sperms by chemotaxis, cluster round, swimming in a film of water. The species now placed in the Xanthophyceae were formerly included in the Chlorophyceae. Animal, kingdom Animalia zanthophyta, any of a group of multicellular eukaryotic organisms i. The method of liberation of zoospores from the mother cell is not definitely known, but it appears that it is accomplished by a gelatinization of apical portion in the vesicular wall Fig.

Help us improve this article! Filamentous species may be either siphonous or coenocytic. Food reserve is oil. Xanthophyta synthesize chlorophyll a and smaller amounts of chlorophyll c, instead of xanthophytw chlorophyll b of plants; and the cellular structure usually have multiple chloroplasts without nucleomorphs.

Seaweeds of the British Isles. Economic Importance of Algae Botany. The zygote germinates immediately into new individual without undergoing any resting period when meiosis takes place Fig.

Xanthophyta A phylum of mostly freshwater organisms of the kingdom Protoctista, traditionally known as yellow- green algaethat possess carotenoid pigments including xanthinswhich are responsible for their colour, in addition to chlorophylls. Plant body of unicellular multinucleate vesicular, globose or dichotomously branched aerial portion and a colourless rhizoidal portion; discoid chromatophores; asexual reproduction by biflagellate zoospores, aplanospores or resting spores; sexual reproduction isogamous.

Chlorophyll a and chlorophyll e are present. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Xanthophyta yellow- green algae A division of algae in which the chloroplasts are yellow-green and which form motile cells with 1 long, forward-directed tinsel flagellum and 1 much shorter, backward-directed whiplash flagellum.

Since this zoospore bears numerous chloroplasts divieion nuclei, in addition to the many flagella, it is considered a compound zoospore and is also known as a coenozoospore. Genera include Botrydium and Vaucheria. The protoplasmic vacuole diminishes in size as a result of which the protoplasm appears deep green in colour. Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so xantgophyta we can fully understand their context.


The antheridium is a slender, curled hook-like tubular structure which is walled off from the rest of the filament Fig. Coenocytes are organized as a single-cell multinucleated thallus that xantuophyta long filaments without septa internal division walls except in the specialized structures of some species.

The zoospores are characterized for having two unequal flagella borne at the anterior end or are multi-flagellate.

Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Xanthophytes are xantho;hyta mainly in fresh-water habitats. You can learn more about this topic in the related articles below. The cytoplasm opposite to the beak is clear, while in the rest of the ovum chloroplasts are present.

The shape of the aerial portion is considerably influenced by environmental conditions. Allorge,[1] emend. This page was last edited on 30 Julyat Occurrence, Structure and Affinities Xanthophyta.

Xanthophytadivision or phylum of algae commonly known as yellow-green algae q. Copeland treated the group as order Vaucheriacea: An illustrated Guide to Protozoa. Classification according to Pascher Certain species grow on drying mud, on trunk of trees, on damp walls, and similar other habitat.

Please try again later. The Xanthophyta or Heterokontae are commonly known as yellow-green algae include only one class Xanthophyceae.