listopad BRANDEJS, Michal. UNIX-Linux: praktický průvodce (UNIX-Linux). 1. vyd. Praha : Grada, pp. ISBN Other formats. Linus Benedict Torvalds is a Finnish–American software engineer who is the creator, and historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which became. Unix – Linux: Praktický průvodce. Front Cover. Michal Brandejs. Grada Publishing , – pages Bibliographic information. QR code for Unix – Linux.
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He also created the distributed version control system Git and the diving logging and planning software Subsurface. He was honored, along with Shinya Yamanakabrandeks the Millennium Technology Prize by the Technology Academy Finland “in recognition of his creation of a new open source operating system for computers leading to the widely used Linux kernel”. Torvalds was born in HelsinkiFinland in Both of his parents were campus radicals at the University of Helsinki in the s.
Linus Torvalds – Wikipedia
His family belongs to the Swedish-speaking minority. Linux and the Open Source RevolutionTorvalds is quoted as saying, “I think I was named equally for Linus the Peanuts cartoon character”, noting that this makes him half “Nobel Prize-winning chemist” brabdejs half “blanket-carrying cartoon character”. Torvalds attended the University of Helsinki between and graduating with a master’s degree in computer science from the NODES research group.
In the army he held the rank of Second Lieutenantwith the role of a ballistic calculation officer. A Portable Brsndejs System. He did not make use of assembly language. The first prototypes of Linux were publicly released later that year Torvalds first encountered the GNU Project inafter another Swedish-speaking computer science student, Lars Wirzenius, took him to the University of Technology to listen to free software-guru Richard Stallman ‘s speech.
After a visit to Transmeta in late Torvalds accepted a position at the company in Californiawhere he would work from February until June He then moved to the Open Source Development Labswhich has since merged with the Free Standards Group to become the Linux Foundationunder whose auspices he continues to work.
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From bramdejshe was involved in 86open helping to choose the standard binary format for Linux and Unix. InRed Hat and VA Linuxboth leading developers of Linux-based software, presented Torvalds with stock options in gratitude for his creation.
His personal mascot is a penguin nicknamed Tux which has been widely adopted by the Linux community as the mascot of the Linux kernel. Although Torvalds believes ” open source is the only right way to do brabdejs, he also has said that he uses the “best tool for the brandejw, even if that includes proprietary software.
Torvalds subsequently wrote a free-software replacement for BitKeeper called Git. InTorvalds stated that he used the Fedora distribution of Linux because it had fairly good support for the PowerPC processor architecture, which he had favored at the time. Currently, brandeis Linux Foundation sponsors Torvalds so he can work full-time on improving Linux.
Linus Torvalds is known for disagreeing with other developers on the Linux kernel mailing list. I’m sorry — I tried, it’s just not in me. Shortly thereafter, in the release notes for Linux 4.
Ray-tracing with Concept of Explorers
It soon transpired that these events followed The New Yorker approaching Linus with a series of questions critical of his conduct. Initially, Torvalds wanted to call the kernel he developed Freax a combination of “free”, “freak”, and the letter X to indicate that it is a Unix-like systembut his friend Ari Lemmkewho administered the FTP server where the kernel was first hosted for download, named Torvalds’s directory linux.
As ofapproximately two percent of the Linux kernel was written by Torvalds himself. However, he stated in that his own personal contribution is now mostly merging code written by others, with little programming.
Torvalds holds the “Linux” trademark  and monitors the use of it,  chiefly through the Linux Mark Institute. Linus was running introductory computer laboratory exercises for students and instructed the course attendees to send him an e-mail as a test, linhx which Tove responded with an e-mail asking for a date. Torvalds has described himself as “completely a-religious — atheist “, adding that “I find that people seem to think religion brings morals and appreciation of nature.
I brnadejs think it detracts from both. It gives people the excuse to say, ‘Oh, nature was just created,’ and so the act of creation is seen to be something miraculous. I appreciate the fact that, ‘Wow, it’s incredible that something like this could have happened in the first place. When discussing the issue of church and state separationTorvalds also said, “Yeah, it’s kind of ironic that in many European countries, there is actually a kind of legal binding between the state and the state religion.
One is ‘Do unto others as you would want them to do unto you. I’m not a Christian. The other rule is ‘Be proud of what you do.
He is unaffiliated with any U. Linus developed an interest in scuba diving in the early s and went on to achieve numerous certifications, which later led to him creating the Subsurface project. University of Helsinki has named an auditorium after Torvalds and his computer is on display at the Department of Computer Science. Time magazine has recognized Torvalds multiple times:. InfoWorld presented him with the Award for Industry Achievement. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Archived from the original on Retrieved July 8, A sort of anti-celebrity, he is plainly ambivalent about fame and content to stay nestled at home in a tony cluster of million-dollar houses atop the densely forested hills of the Dunthorpe neighborhood. Archived from the original on July 9, Archived from the original on June 26, Retrieved March 13, Retrieved September 16, Archived from the original on January 17, Retrieved April 24, Archived from the original PDF on Linux and the Open Source Revolution.
Archived from the original on April 19, I’m doing a free operating system just a hobby, won’t be big and professional like gnu for AT clones.
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Retrieved August 9, Linus Torvalds at Wikipedia’s sister projects. Developers The Linux Programming Interface kernel. Desktop Embedded Gaming Thin client: Category Commons Book Wikiversity Portal.