ASTM D Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish- Coated Flooring Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine. Jan 5, The ASTM E slip resistance test standard defines the British pendulum . ASTM D is the basis of the testing of floor “waxes” (floor. Oct 31, ABIC Testing Laboratories, Inc. was authorized to test the following samples of metal floor panels for static coefficient of friction (SCOF).

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Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

This method is not capable of x2047 pedestrian safety testing under wet conditions. Static friction and Dynamic or Kinetic friction are the two types of coefficient of friction that are used to determine how safe a floor can be. This test is often conducted and interpreted by people who have a vested interest in their tribometer having sstm the test, and it should not be solely relied upon in deciding whether a slip tester is trustworthy in predicting human traction.

Because the HPS is so heavy, it makes it rather difficult to test in the field. Test results are usually quoted as Pendulum Test Values to avoid the confusion that results when different devices are used to give different values of coefficient of friction. ASTM is an international standards organization that develops and publishes technical standards for a various range of items. The Tortus digital tribometer slip resistance test method is based on a proprietary or patented device, which makes it ineligible to become an ASTM standard.

Both hard and soft rubbers are specified for the pendulum, with soft rubber being applied primarily to barefoot situations such as showers, qstm floors, and swimming pool decks. Skip to main content. The James machine was designed to measure the static coefficient of friction of an interface of a dried polish film in contact with a specification leather sensor.

The Technical Products Model 80 is a static slip tester as well and therefore is not suitable for wet testing to assess anti-slip pedestrian safety. ASTM E is used for road and paving standards.

Static Coefficient of Friction Measurements

The British Pendulum is used in both laboratory tests and tests completed in the field. There are several reasons: Dry testing — particularly before the alleged accident and on a periodic monitoring basis traction auditing — can help establish that the floor was safe or anti-slip when dry. This is now part of the International Building Code. The Brungraber Mark uses an angle that is set to a certain degree and a 10 pound weight is released.


The colored UV coating is filled with complex silicates, calcium sulfate, and carbonate fine particles which provide a shorter-range roughness for this walking surface. We provide XPS analysis of surfaces so that the elemental and chemical composition of the surface in immediate contact with the sensor or opposing material is well-characterized. See a video demonstration of the BOTE.

ASTM Standards/Tests for Coefficient of Friction | SlipNOT®

However, the three slip test devices listed above allow the user ample capability for prevention and analysis of astmm and fall accidents in almost any situation.

The advantage of the Tortus, compared to the pendulum, is that it can perform many slip tests in a short period of time, dry and wet, using both hard and soft rubbers.

The meter has three feet which are Neolite for d247 slippage testing purposes. Walkway materials which are occasionally wet or normally wet are to have a wet surface SCOF greater than or equal to 0.

Click here to see a SlipAlert Video Demonstration.

xstm SlipAlert left is a roller-coaster type tribometer that is designed to mimic the readings of the modern pendulum. The method applies only to the HPS and not to any other device. Some materials also become more pliant when wet satm this may cause an increase in the SCOF value.

This is the static coefficient of friction SCOF. Further, this test method also establishes a compliance criterion to meet the requirement for a nonhazardous polished walkway surface.

Testing the Safety of Polished Floors | ASTM Standardization News

ASTM is a type of test that is approved for both wet and dry testing. Again, the reasons included poor precision, which made it impossible to present an acceptable and reasonable precision statement as required by ASTM. Despite the fact that the ADA never truly endorsed this test method, a great deal of confusion has resulted and misinformation abounds amongst d204 and construction professionals about this poor test method.


The roots of D can be traced to the late s and Sidney James of Asrm Laboratories, the inventor of the machine used in this standard. Because the test method uses a dry leather pad, it gives lower COF results awtm if a Neolite or rubber pad were used. Although it is necessary for a tribometer to pass this test, it is not sufficient in validating a scientific slip test instrument.

Slip Resistance Testing Standards in 2018

D is the only currently used and accepted standard that has a numerical value that polished floors must meet or exceed in order to be in compliance. The static coefficient of friction is greater than the dynamic coefficient of friction and is the initial barrier against slippage.

The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. These features help establish courtroom credibility.

We do not perform this measurement.

Whether in an office building or on a basketball court, the safety of a polished floor is crucial to those walking, running or playing on it.

AME is able to investigate these surface properties in detail so that insight is gained into the reasons that given surface combinations have the friction properties they have and so that improvements in those properties may be achieved. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. The compliance criterion is based on a correlation of polish friction data from D with the pedestrian experience of billions of passes over millions and millions of square feet of polished floors from through the mids.

Federal Trade Commission congressionally mandated to resolve conflicting advertising claims for “slip resistant” polishes ruled that only polishes that passed the compliance criterion of D could be termed as slip resistant. ASTM C for the Horizontal Pull Dynamometer has now officially been withdrawn as a test method in and was intended for quality assurance testing of ceramic tile in and out of the factory.

This device is not patented. The Sigler was invented in the midth century by Percy Sigler of the U.