The Supreme Court on Friday declared that its judgment in the case of Aruna Shanbaug is “flawed.”The Constitution Bench was. The case before us is a writ petition under Article 32 of the Constitution, .. Finally, we have given our opinion in the case of Aruna Shanbaug. Pinki Virani had filed a plea in seeking that Aruna Shanbaug, who lived in a vegetative state for decades after a brutal rape, be allowed.

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It may be clarified that foreign decisions have only persuasive value in our country, and are not binding authorities on our Courts.

Sohanlal was caught and convicted for assault and robbery, and he served two concurrent seven-year sentences. To demonstrate their compliance, the Act requires physicians to report euthanasia to a review committee. Pinky Virani has done. But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. Oak, all of us have visited her room time and again and have cared for her and seen her through her ups and downs. But it had opposed the concept of Living Will or advanced directive.

Pinky Virani claiming to be the next friend of Aruna Shanbaug that in fact Aruna Shanbaug is already dead and hence by not feeding her body any more we shall not be killing her. It is simply that the patient has, as he is entitled to do, judgemnt to consent to jidgement which might or would have the effect of prolonging his life, and the doctor has, in accordance with his duty, complied with his patient’s wishes.

The attack – The Aruna Shanbaug case which changed euthanasia laws in India | The Economic Times

Mashed food is put in her mouth, she is not able to chew or taste any food. This shanbsug to the situation where the person in anticipation of his entering into a condition such as PVS, gives clear instructions that in such an event he is not to be given medical care, including artificial feeding, designed to keep him alive.

This is known as the principle of self- determination or informed consent.

The law gives patients the right to receive ongoing treatment with painkillers — the authorities have to pay to ensure that poor or isolated patients do not ask to die because they do not iudgement money for such treatment. Active euthanasia means killing a person through the use of a lethal substance or force, and passive euthanasia means withdrawing or discontinuing medical support necessary for the continuation of life. Similarly, as per this, different definitions of death would apply to human and non-human organisms.

The Aruna Shanbaug case which changed euthanasia laws in India

Even when a person is incapable of any response, but is able to sustain respiration and circulation, he cannot be said to be dead. We have carefully considered paragraphs 24 and 25 in Gian Kaur’s case supra and we are of the opinion that all that has been said therein is that the view in Rathinam’s case supra that the right to life includes the right to die is not correct.


Thomas1 SCR at page Mr. The question now is whether her life support system which is done by feeding her should be withdrawn, and at whose instance? While initially, death could be defined as a cessation of breathing, or, more scientifically, a cessation of heart-beat, recent medical advances have made such definitions obsolete. We, therefore, request the doctors to submit a supplementary report by the next date of hearing by e-mailing copy of the same two days before the next date of hearing in which the meaning of these technical terms in the report is also explained.

They cannot produce a purposeful, co- ordinated, voluntary response in a sustained manner, although they may have primitive reflexive responses to light, sound, touch or pain.

Usually this is due to a low red blood cell count or low haemoglobin level in the blood. Common Cause A Regd. The police case was registered as a case of robbery and attempted murder because of the concealment of anal rape by the doctors under the instructions of the Dean of KEM, Dr.

Moreover the same principle applies where the patient’s refusal to give his consent has been expressed at an earlier date, before he became unconscious or otherwise incapable of communicating it; though in such circumstances especial care may be necessary to ensure that the prior refusal of consent is still properly to be regarded as applicable in the circumstances which have subsequently occurred see, e.

It is alleged that due to strangulation by the dog chain the supply of oxygen to the brain stopped and the shanbzug got damaged. While the trial Court granted the prayer, the State Aruja Court of Missouri reversed, holding that under a statute in the State of Missouri it was necessary to prove by clear and convincing evidence that the incompetent person had wanted, while competent, withdrawal of life support treatment in such an eventuality. Aduna three-doctor panel also reported that the patient was not brain dead and responded to some situations on her own.

However, Texas has not legalized euthanasia or physician assisted death. Inwhile working as a junior nurse at King Edward Memorial HospitalParelMumbaiShanbaug was sexually assaulted by a ward boy, Sohanlal Bhartha Walmiki, and remained in a vegetative state following the assault.

This is because the question is not whether it is in the best interests of the patient that he should die.

Aruna Shanbaug as under:. In the Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug case, the validity of passive euthanasia was upheld by the Supreme Court, but there is no elaborative procedure for doing the same as the court was under the influence of the Gian Kaur case ofin which it was held that the right to live with dignity under Article 21 was inclusive of the right to die with dignity.


Active euthanasia entails the use of lethal substances or forces to kill a person e. Perceptual abnormalities Abnormal sensory experiences, e. Pinki Virani who filed this petition. This is a very judgdment consideration in a PVS patient like Aruna who is not totally unconscious and has sensory conditions of pain etc.

Her only sustenance was mashed food that the nurses fed her. It is not necessary to refer in detail to all the decisions of the Courts in the world on the subject of euthanasia or physically assisted dead p. The top court in had recognised passive euthanasia in Aruna Shanbaug case by which it had permitted withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment from patients not in a position to make an informed decision. The landmark case to declare that the practice of euthanasia by doctors aruan help their patients shall not jufgement taken into cognizance was Gonzalez vs Oregon decided in I give my observations as a Clinician about Smt.

In England, in May a bill allowing physician assisted suicide, was blocked, and never became law. The procedures codified in the law had been a convention shanbauf the Dutch medical community for over twenty years. Pinki Virani has written a book about Aruna Shanbaug and has visited her a judgemwnt times, and we have great respect for her for the social causes she has espoused, but she cannot claim to have the extent of attachment or bonding with Aruna which the KEM hospital staff, which has been looking after her for years, claims to have.

We hold her in high esteem. We play devotional songs rendered by Sadguru Wamanrao Pai continuously in her room and she lies down on her bed listening to them. It all depends on the degree of damage. She died the morning of 18 May On this basis, it has been held that a patient of sound mind may, if properly informed, require that life support should be discontinued: On perusal of the report of the committee of doctors to us we have noted that there are many technical terms which have been used therein which a non-medical man would find it difficult to understand.

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