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Shen ji miao suan liu bo wen the golden ferris wheel make. Its masterful storytelling, a suspenseful thriller from beginning to end, blessed shen ji miao suan liu bo wen the amazing strategist liu bowen, that aired five nights a Meantime yi ting begins his relationship with xin yu while tormenting himself. Liu Ji (July 1, — May 16, ), courtesy name Bowen, better known as Liu Bowen, was a Chinese military strategist, philosopher, Liu's relationship with the Yuan government deteriorated after this event. 劉伯溫; pinyin: Shénjī Miàosuàn Líu Bówēn; literally: "The Divine Witted and Marvelous Predictor Liu Bowen"). Occupation, Statesman, military strategist, philosopher, poet Liu's relationship with the Yuan government deteriorated after this event. Líu Bówēn; literally: " The Divine Witted and Marvelous Predictor Liu Bowen"), a episodes .. capture of the Zhengtong Emperor during the Tumu Crisis ended them completely.

Therefore, Wenzhou is now nicknamed as the dipper city based on the popular geographical saying of the city mountains as dipper. Legends have it that during the time when Wenzhou was being established and developed, today, the Deer City District is the name of downtown Wenzhou and White Deer theater located at downtown is the most popular theater among the locals. Wenzhou is the city in China designed by the founder of Fengshui philosophical system Guo Pu. Nowadays, the local Wenzhounese people usually see Guo Pu as the architect, inthe local Wenzhou government built and put up a statue of Guo Pu in downtown Wenzhou.

Being the only city in China and the world designed by the pioneer of Fengshui, Wenzhou is usually considered as the city in China with the best Feng Shui condition.

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However, none of these cities is designed entirely on the basis of philosophy of Fengshui or designed by the father of Fengshui Guo Pu, moreover, Wenzhou has an enormous cultural impact and influence on the history of China 5. Following his seizure of the Yuan capital, Khanbaliq, Zhu claimed the Mandate of Heaven, trusting only in his family, he made his many sons powerful feudal princes along the northern marches and the Yangtze valley. Most of the sites related to the Hongwu Emperor are located in Nanjing.

Zhu was a born into a poor peasant tenant farmer family in Zhongli Village in the Huai River plain. His father was Zhu Shizhen and his mother was Chen Erniang and he had seven older siblings, several of whom were given away by his parents, as they did not have enough food to support the family.

When he was 16, severe drought ruined the harvest where his family lived, subsequently, famine killed his entire family, except one of his brothers. He then buried them by wrapping them in white clothes, destitute, Zhu accepted a suggestion to take up a pledge made by his brother and became a novice monk at the Huangjue Temple, a local Buddhist monastery.

He did not remain there for long, as the monastery ran short of funds, for the next few years, Zhu led the life of a wandering beggar and personally experienced and saw the hardships of the common people. After about three years, he returned to the monastery and stayed there until he was around 24 years old and he learned to read and write during the time he spent with the Buddhist monks.

The monastery where Zhu lived was eventually destroyed by an army that was suppressing a local rebellion, inZhu joined one of the many insurgent forces that had risen in rebellion against the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty. He rose rapidly through the ranks and became a commander, inZhu, and his army conquered Nanjing, which became his base of operations, and the capital of the Ming dynasty during his reign.

Zhus government in Nanjing became famous for good governance, and the city attracted vast numbers of people fleeing from other and it is estimated that Nanjings population increased by 10 times over the next 10 years. In the meantime, the Yuan government had weakened by internal factions fighting for control.

Bycentral and southern China had fallen into the hands of different rebel groups, during that time the Red Turbans also split up. Zhu became the leader of a faction, while the larger faction, under Chen Youliang. Zhu was able to attract many talents into his service, one of them was Zhu Sheng, who advised him, Build high walls, stock up rations, and dont be too quick to call yourself a king.

Another, Jiao Yu, was an officer, who later compiled a military treatise outlining the various types of gunpowder weapons. Another one, Liu Bowen, became one of Zhus key advisors, starting fromZhu, and Chen Youliang fought a protracted war for supremacy over the former territories controlled by the Red Turbans 6.

Nostradamus — Michel de Nostredame, usually Latinised as Nostradamus, was a French physician and reputed seer who published collections of prophecies that have since become widely famous. He is best known for his book Les Propheties, the first edition of which appeared inthe earliest ancestor who can be identified on the paternal side is Astruge of Carcassonne, who died about After little more than a year, he was forced to leave Avignon when the university closed its doors during an outbreak of the plague, after leaving Avignon, Nostredame, by his own account, traveled the countryside for eight years from researching herbal remedies.

Inafter years as an apothecary, he entered the University of Montpellier to study for a doctorate in medicine. The expulsion document, BIU Montpellier, Register S2 folio 87, however, some of his publishers and correspondents would later call him Doctor.

There he married a woman of uncertain name, who bore him two children, in his wife and children died, presumably from the plague.

After their deaths, he continued to travel, passing through France, finally, inhe settled in Salon-de-Provence in the house which exists today, where he married a rich widow named Anne Ponsarde, with whom he had six children—three daughters and three sons.

But it seems he could have dabbled in horoscopes, necromancy, scrying, following popular trends, he wrote an almanac forfor the first time Latinising his name from Nostredame to Nostradamus. He was so encouraged by the success that he decided to write one or more annually. Taken together, they are known to have contained at least 6, prophecies, as well as at least eleven annual calendars, all of them starting on 1 January and not, as is sometimes supposed, in March. When obliged to attempt this himself on the basis of the tables of the day, he frequently made errors.

He then began his project of writing a book of one thousand mainly French quatrains, for technical reasons connected with their publication in three installments, the last fifty-eight quatrains of the seventh Century have not survived in any extant edition.

The quatrains, published in a book titled Les Propheties, received a reaction when they were published. After reading his almanacs forwhich hinted at unnamed threats to the family, she summoned him to Paris to explain them.

In he came into conflict with the Church in Agen after an Inquisitor visited the area looking for Anti-Catholic views 7. Its intended function was to serve as an outline for the use of fire weapons involving gunpowder. The Huolongjing provides information on various compositions, which are given names such as magic gunpowder, poison gunpowder. Among the bombs described, there are hollow cast iron grenade bombs, shrapnel bombs, mine devices include land mines and naval mines as well as the latters use of a complex trigger mechanism.

Although the book was published sometime during the 14th century as a compilation of material written since the late 13th century, the Huolongjings main purpose was to provide a collected summary of gunpowder weapons in use up until the end of the 14th century. He described the uses of magic gunpowder, poison gunpowder, or blinding and burning gunpowder in warfare. For this, Jiao Yu wrote, even flying in the air cannot escape the effects of the explosion.

During the 14th century, Chinese gunpowder solutions had reached their maximum explosive potential, at least six formulas in use by the Chinese that were considered to have reached the maximum explosive force for gunpowder.

The root of all this was the military handbook, the Wujing Zongyao, later, Wei Xing of the Song Dynasty was said to have created a gunpowder formula of saltpetre, sulphur, and willow charcoal for his projectile carriages for launching fire—stones up to yards. Its value in festival entertainment could be seen in firework displays and he advised that a piece of hemp cloth should be used to strengthen the wad of paper and sealed with molten pine resin.

Although he described the fire arrow in great detail, it was mentioned by the much earlier Xia Shaozeng, although written inthe Wulixiaoshi of Fang Yizhi said that fire arrows were presented to Emperor Taizu of Song in By the time of Jiao Yu, the fire arrow had taken on a new meaning. The simple transition of this was to use a tube instead of a bow or ballista firing gunpowder-impregnated fire arrows. The historian Joseph Needham wrote that this discovery came sometime before Jiao Yu during the late Southern Song Dynasty, at the front end there is a carton tube bound on to the stick, where the rising gunpowder is lit.

When you want to fire it off, you use a frame shaped like a dragon, in the late 14th century, the rocket launching tube was combined with the fire lance. This involved three tubes attached to the same staff, as the first rocket tube was fired, a charge was ignited in the leading tube which expelled a blinding lachrymatory powder at the enemy, and finally the second rocket was fired.

An illustration of this appears in the Huolongjing, and a description of its effectiveness in obfuscating the location of the rockets from the enemy is provided, the Huolongjing also describes and illustrates two kinds of mounted rocket launchers that fired multiple rockets.

Rockets described in the Huolongjing were not all in the shape of fire arrows 8. They also live as minorities in other regions of China, as well as in Russia, Mongolian people belonging to the Buryat and Kalmyk subgroups live predominantly in the Russian federal subjects of Buryatia and Kalmykia.

The Mongols are bound together by a heritage and ethnic identity. Their indigenous dialects are known as the Mongolian language. The ancestors of the modern-day Mongols are referred to as Proto-Mongols, broadly defined, the term includes the Mongols proper, Buryats, Oirats, the Kalmyk people and the Southern Mongols. It resurfaced in the late 11th century during the Khitan-ruled Liao dynasty, after the fall of the Liao inthe Khamag Mongols became a leading tribe on the Mongolian Plateau.

However, their wars with the Jurchen-ruled Jin dynasty and the Tatar confederation had weakened them, in the thirteenth century, the word Mongol grew into an umbrella term for a large group of Mongolic-speaking tribes united under the rule of Genghis Khan.

In various times Mongolic peoples have been equated with the Scythians, the Magog, based on Chinese historical texts the ancestry of the Mongolic peoples can be traced back to the Donghu, a nomadic confederation occupying eastern Mongolia and Manchuria.

The identity of the Xiongnu is still debated today, although some scholars maintain that they were proto-Mongols, they were more likely a multi-ethnic group of Mongolic and Turkic tribes. In the late 2nd century, the Han dynasty scholar Fu Qian wrote in his commentary Jixie that Shanrong, againm in Inner Mongolia another closely connected core Mongolic Xianbei region was the Upper Xiajiadian culture where the Donghu confederation was centered.

The Wuhuan are of the direct Donghu royal line and the New Book of Tang says that in BCE, the Xianbei, however, were of the lateral Donghu line and had a somewhat separate identity, although they shared the same language with the Wuhuan.

In 49 CE the Xianbei ruler Bianhe raided and defeated the Xiongnu, killingthe Xianbei reached their peak under Tanshihuai Khan who expanded the vast, but short lived, Xianbei state. Three prominent groups split from the Xianbei state as recorded by the Chinese histories, the Rouran, the Khitan people, besides these three Xianbei groups, there were others such as the Murong, Duan and Tuoba 9.

Song dynasty — The Song dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in and continued until It succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, coincided with the Liao and Western Xia dynasties and it was the first government in world history to issue banknotes or true paper money nationally and the first Chinese government to establish a permanent standing navy. This dynasty also saw the first known use of gunpowder, as well as the first discernment of true north using a compass, the Song dynasty is divided into two distinct periods, Northern and Southern.

During the Northern Song, the Song capital was in the city of Bianjing. During this time, the Song court retreated south of the Yangtze, the Southern Song dynasty considerably bolstered its naval strength to defend its waters and land borders and to conduct maritime missions abroad.

To repel the Jin, and later the Mongols, the Song developed revolutionary new military technology augmented by the use of gunpowder, inthe Jin dynasty was conquered by the Mongols, who took control of northern China, maintaining uneasy relations with the Southern Song. InKublai Khan was proclaimed the Emperor of China, after two decades of sporadic warfare, Kublai Khans armies conquered the Song dynasty in The Mongol invasion led to a reunification under the Yuan dynasty, the population of China doubled in size during the 10th and 11th centuries.

The Northern Song census recorded a population of roughly 50 million, much like the Han and this data is found in the Standard Histories. However, it is estimated that the Northern Song had a population of some million people and this dramatic increase of population fomented an economic revolution in pre-modern China.

The expansion of the population, growth of cities, and the emergence of a national economy led to the withdrawal of the central government from direct involvement in economic affairs. The lower gentry assumed a role in grassroots administration and local affairs. Appointed officials in county and provincial centers relied upon the gentry for their services, sponsorship. Social life during the Song was vibrant, citizens gathered to view and trade precious artworks, the populace intermingled at public festivals and private clubs, and cities had lively entertainment quarters.

China’s Domestic Transformation and Global Security Impact by 2025 - Feng Zhu - TEDxKFAS

The spread of literature and knowledge was enhanced by the expansion of woodblock printing. Technology, science, philosophy, mathematics, and engineering flourished over the course of the Song, although the institution of the civil service examinations had existed since the Sui dynasty, it became much more prominent in the Song period Chinese philosophy — Early Shang Dynasty thought was based upon cycles.

Thus, this notion, which remained relevant throughout Chinese history, in juxtaposition, it also marks a fundamental distinction from western philosophy, in which the dominant view of time is a linear progression. During the Shang, fate could be manipulated by great deities, ancestor worship was present and universally recognized. There was also human and animal sacrifice, when the Shang were overthrown by the Zhou, a new political, religious and philosophical concept was introduced called the Mandate of Heaven.

This mandate was said to be taken when rulers became unworthy of their position, Confucianism developed during the Spring and Autumn period from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius, who considered himself a retransmitter of Zhou values.

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His philosophy concerns the fields of ethics and politics, emphasizing personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice, traditionalism, Confucianism was and continues to be a major influence in Chinese culture, the state of China and the surrounding areas of Southeast Asia.

Before the Han dynasty the largest rivals to Confucianism were Chinese Legalism, Confucianism largely became the dominant philosophical school of China during the early Han Dynasty following the replacement of its contemporary, the more Taoistic Huang-Lao. The Six Dynasties era saw the rise of the Xuanxue philosophical school and the maturation of Chinese Buddhism, by the time of the Tang dynasty five-hundred years after Buddhisms arrival into China, it had transformed into a thoroughly Chinese religious philosophy dominated by the school of Zen Buddhism.

Neo-Confucianism became highly popular during the Song dynasty and Ming Dynasty due in part to the eventual combination of Confucian. He served the Yuan dynasty as an official for 25 years, gaining a reputation for integrity and honesty, and became known as a distinguished scholar and strategist. The leader of the rebellion attempted to save himself by offering Liu a bribe.

When Liu refused, the rebel went to Beijing and succeeded in bribing his way into favour there. Liu's relationship with the Yuan government deteriorated after this event.

He attempted to resign twice, in and He was demoted inand finally left service to retire in his ancestral homeland. InLiu was introduced to Zhu Yuanzhanga former leader of a radical White Lotus rebellion who was then the leader of a broad anti-Yuan rebellion. Zhu Yuanzhang placed Liu in charge of the campaign to conquer all of Zhejiang from Yuan forces. Liu was most often consulted for his strategic advice during this period.

When Zhu founded the Ming dynasty and became historically known as the Hongwu EmperorLiu was one of his most trusted advisors, but the relationship between Liu and the emperor eventually deteriorated in a manner similar to the way that Liu had become estranged from the Yuan government.

InLiu rejected a man, Hu Weiyongfor appointment to high office. Hu Weiyong later obtained an audience with the Hongwu Emperor and slandered Liu by telling the emperor that Liu was plotting to establish his own power.