Yoon Joo-hee | Revolvy
The Smart quizzes approach proposes an automatic scoring for the student, structuring .. and in relation to national and international humanitarian responders. Yoo-jin Super Action Drama Special "Our Slightly Risque Relationship" KBS2 I God's Quiz) is a South Korean television series broadcast on cable channel OCN . . Kim Ji-hoon as Han Joon-hee / Jang Min-jae Nam Da-reum as young Jang .. Yoon Joo-hee Ryu Seung-soo as Seo Jin-ki / Lee Ki-soo Park Hae-joon as. Congenital Nodule on the Ear in a Two-year-old Boy: A Quiz . Ji Hyun Lee, Yeong Ho Kim, Kyung Do Han, Young Min Park, Jun Young Lee, Risk of Non- melanoma Skin Cancer in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and its Relationship to Uraemic Pruritus Dae Suk Kim, Dong Jin Ryu, Sang Ho Oh, Min-Geol Lee.
However, evidence based on prospective study is very limited. Our purpose was to investigate whether visceral fat promotes a decrease in skeletal muscle mass and vice versa. Methods We observed changes in anthropometric and body composition data during a follow-up period of Appendicular lean soft tissue ALST mass was calculated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and visceral fat area VFA was measured using computed tomography at baseline and follow-up examination.
Results ALST mass significantly decreased, whereas trunk and total fat mass increased in both men and women despite no significant change in weight and body mass index.
Conclusions This longitudinal study showed that visceral obesity was associated with future loss of skeletal muscle mass in Korean adults. These results may provide novel insight into sarcopenic obesity in an aging society. Introduction Aging is often accompanied by changes in body composition that lead to a shift toward decreased muscle mass and increased fat mass, even in relatively weight-stable, healthy individuals .
Both obesity and sarcopenia, the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, are important causes of frailty, disability, morbidity, and mortality .
Diminished skeletal muscle and expanded visceral fat may act synergistically, which may maximize their effects on physical impairments and metabolic disorders . Fat and muscle mass are known to be strongly interconnected from a pathogenic point of view .
Previous studies suggested that sarcopenia may aggravate obesity and vice versa. In addition, sarcopenia reduces the intensity and duration of physical activity, which results in decreased energy expenditure. These changes may increase the risk of obesity and obesity-related metabolic disorders, such as metabolic syndrome . On the other hand, increased adiposity induces chronic subclinical inflammation, which may contribute to the development and progression of sarcopenia.
Insulin is a pivotal anabolic signal and insulin resistance is regarded to be the main factor that connects obesity and sarcopenia . Although these reports support the hypothesis that sarcopenia and obesity may worsen each other, creating a vicious cycle, previous longitudinal human studies that explore the contribution of visceral fat accumulation to changes in skeletal muscle mass or vice versa are very limited.
Furthermore, to the best of author's knowledge, there was no previous study to compare which one among sarcopenia and visceral fat might be an initiating factor after adjusting potential confounding factors. Our aims in this prospective human study were therefore to examine changes in parameters of obesity and sarcopenia using accurate standard imaging methods, such as computed tomography CT and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry DXAand to evaluate if baseline visceral fat area VFA are negatively associated with changes in skeletal muscle mass and vice versa.
This prospective observational cohort study was designed to examine the prevalence of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity in Korean adults with diabetic KSOS cohort or without diabetes non-diabetic KSOS cohort and to evaluate effects of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity on metabolic disorders and health outcomes .
In this study, we analyzed baseline and follow-up data from the KSOS. Participants underwent body compositional analysis using precise techniques to measure muscle mass and visceral fat, namely DXA and CT, simultaneously. Medical histories and lifestyle information were collected by personal interview using a detailed questionnaire . Physical activity was classified into two categories: Regular exercise was defined as exercising 30 minutes or more at least three times a week. Complete body composition data were available for participants at baseline and after a mean follow-up of All participants provided written informed consent, and the Korea University Institutional Review Board, in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki of the World Medical Association approved this study protocol.
Anthropometric and body composition measurements Height, body weight, and waist circumference were measured following standardized procedures. Body mass index BMI was calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. Measurements of both arms, both legs, and the head were separated from trunk measurements using computer-generated default lines with manual adjustment in the anterior view planogram .
An experienced medical radiology technician handled the adjustment of all subjects using specific anatomical landmarks chin, center of the glenohumeral joint, and femoral neck axis. Series are likely to have one season, with 12—24 episodes. Historical series may be longer, with 50 to episodes, the broadcast time for dramas is 22,00 to 23,00, with episodes on two consecutive nights, Mondays and Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays, and weekends. The 19,00 to 20,00 evening time slot is usually for daily dramas that run from Monday through Friday, Dramas in these slots are in the telenovella format, rarely running over episodes.
Song Joong-ki - Wikipedia
Unlike the American soap operas, these dramas are not also scheduled during the day-time. Instead, the schedule often includes reruns of the flagship dramas.
The night-time dailies can achieve high ratings. For example, the evening series Temptation of Wife peaked at While technically the word literally translates to historical drama, the term is typically reserved for dramas taking place during Korean history. Popular subjects of sageuks have traditionally included famous battles, royalty, famous military leaders, since the mids sageuks have achieved major success outside of Korea.
They are often centered on a story, with family ties. Characters are mostly idealised, with Korean male protagonists described as handsome, intelligent, emotional and this has also been a contributing factor to the popularity of Korean dramas among women, as the image of Korean men became different from that of other Asian men.
Radio broadcasting, including the broadcasting of radio dramas in Korea, began in under Japanese rule, with most programming in Japanese, after the Korean War, radio dramas such as Cheongsilhongsil reflected the countrys mood 4. Forensic science — Forensic scientists collect, preserve, and analyze scientific evidence during the course of an investigation.
In addition to their role, forensic scientists testify as expert witnesses in both criminal and civil cases and can work for either the prosecution or the defense. While any field could technically be forensic, certain sections have developed over time to encompass the majority of forensically related cases, the word forensic comes from the Latin term forensis, meaning of or before the forum.
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The history of the term originates from Roman times, during which a charge meant presenting the case before a group of public individuals in the forum.
Both the person accused of the crime and the accuser would give speeches based on their sides of the story, the case would be decided in favor of the individual with the best argument and delivery. This origin is the source of the two usages of the word forensic — as a form of legal evidence and as a category of public presentation.
In modern use, the term forensics in the place of science can be considered correct. However, the term is now so closely associated with the field that many dictionaries include the meaning that equates the word forensics with forensic science. The ancient world lacked standardized forensic practices, which aided criminals in escaping punishment, Criminal investigations and trials heavily relied on forced confessions and witness testimony.
However, ancient sources do contain several accounts of techniques that foreshadow concepts in science that were developed centuries later. The first written account of using medicine and entomology to solve criminal cases is attributed to the book of Xi Yuan Lu, written in China by Song Ci induring the Song Dynasty. In one of the accounts, the case of a person murdered with a sickle was solved by an investigator who instructed everyone to bring his sickle to one location, flies, attracted by the smell of blood, eventually gathered on a single sickle.
In light of this, the murderer confessed, methods from around the world involved saliva and examination of the mouth and tongue to determine innocence or guilt, as a precursor to the Polygraph test. In ancient India, some suspects were made to fill their mouths with dried rice, similarly, in Ancient China, those accused of a crime would have rice powder placed in their mouths.
In ancient middle-eastern cultures, the accused were made to lick hot metal rods briefly, in 16th-century Europe, medical practitioners in army and university settings began to gather information on the cause and manner of death. In the late 18th century, writings on these began to appear.
Two examples of English forensic science in individual legal proceedings demonstrate the use of logic 5. Neurosurgery — In different countries, there are different requirements for an individual to legally practice neurosurgery, and there are varying methods through which they must be educated.
In most countries, neurosurgeon training requires a period of seven years after graduating from medical school. In the United States, a neurosurgeon must generally complete four years of education, four years of medical school. Most, but not all, residency programs have some component of science or clinical research.Park Ji Ho and Ryu Hye Ju
Neurosurgeons may pursue training in the form of a fellowship, after residency or in some cases. MBBS qualification takes four to six years depending on the students route, junior doctors then apply to enter the neurosurgical pathway.
Neurosurgery remains consistently amongst the most competitive specialties in which to obtain entry. The Incas appear to have practiced a procedure known as trepanation since the late Stone age, during the Middle Ages in Arabia from to AD, Al-Zahrawi performed surgical treatments of head injuries, skull fractures, spinal injuries, hydrocephalus, subdural effusions and headache.
There was not much advancement in neurosurgery until late 19th early 20th century, history of electrodes in the brain, In Richard Canton discovered that electrical signals transmitted through an animals brain. Jose Delgado invented the first electrode that was implanted in a brain, using it to make it run.
In the cochlear implant, a neurological prosthetic that allowed people to hear was marketed for commercial use. In researcher Philip Kennedy implanted the first Brain Computer Interface into a human subject, history of tumor removal, In after locating it via neurological signs alone, Scottish surgeon William Macewen performed the first successful brain tumor removal.
On March 16, Austrian surgeon Hermann Schloffer became the first to remove a pituitary tumor. The main advancements in neurosurgery came about as a result of highly crafted tools, modern neurosurgical tools, or instruments, include chisels, curettes, dissectors, distractors, elevators, forcepts, hooks, impactors, probes, suction tubes, power tools, and robots.
Most of these tools, like chisels, elevators, forcepts, hooks, impactors. The main difference of these tools, pre and post advancement in neurosurgery, were the precision in which they were crafted and these tools are crafted with edges that are within a millimeter of desired accuracy. Other tools such as hand held power saws and robots have only recently been used inside of a neurological operating room 6.
It was created during the Joseon Dynasty in by King Sejong the Great, in South Korea, Hangul is used primarily to write the Korean language as using Hanja in typical Korean writing had fallen out of common usage during the late s.
These blocks are arranged horizontally from left to right or vertically from top to bottom. Each Korean word consists of one or more syllables, hence one or more blocks, of the 11, possible Hangul syllables, the most frequent have a cumulative frequency of The modern name Hangul was coined by Ju Sigyeong inhan meant great in archaic Korean, and geul is the native Korean word for script. Taken together, then, the meaning is great script, as the word han had also become one way of indicating Korea as a whole the name could also potentially be interpreted as Korean script.
Am is a prefix that signifies a noun is feminine Ahaetgeul or Ahaegeul Hangul was promulgated by Sejong the Great, the Hall of Worthies, a group of scholars who worked with Sejong to develop and refine the new alphabet, is often credited for the work. Its North Korean equivalent, Chosongul Day, is on January 15, various speculations about the creation process were put to rest by the discovery in of the Hunmin Jeong-eum Haerye.
This document explains the design of the consonant letters according to articulatory phonetics, to assuage this problem, King Sejong created the unique alphabet known as Hangul to promote literacy among the common people. However, it entered popular culture as Sejong had intended, being used especially by women, the late 16th century, however, saw a revival of Hangul, with gasa literature and later sijo flourishing.
In the 17th century, Hangul novels became a major genre, by this point spelling had become quite irregular 7. Ryu Deok-hwan began his career as an actor on stage at age 6.
Among his early TV drama appearances was a role on the popular Lifetime in the Country which he played for 8 years, while he had played minor roles in several films, it was Ryus breakout lead performance in Like a Virgin that earned him critical praise and industry recognition.