Integumentary and skeletal relationship

System Connections

integumentary and skeletal relationship

Body System Interaction. The skeletal system makes up the framework of the body and allows us to move when our muscles contract. Integumentary System . Skeletal system is the body's framework that provides structure and protection in some organs while Integumentary system is the organ system. Everyday Connection The integumentary system helps regulate body temperature through its tight association with the Vitamin D is essential for normal absorption of calcium and phosphorous, which are required for healthy bones.

integumentary and skeletal relationship

The brain regulates the position of bones by controlling muscles. Cardiovascular System The cardiovascular system delivers oxygen, hormones, nutrients and white blood cells around the body by pumping blood, and it removes waste products.

Heart, blood vessels Endothelial cells maintain the blood-brain barrier. Baroreceptors send information to the brain about blood pressure. Cerebrospinal fluid drains into the venous blood supply. The brain regulates heart rate and blood pressure. Muscular System Different types of muscles enable motion, generate heat to maintain body temperature, move food through digestive tract and contract the heart. Muscles smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscles Receptors in muscles provide the brain with information about body position and movement.

The brain controls the contraction of skeletal muscle. The nervous system regulates the speed at which food moves through the digestive tract. Endocrine System The endocrine system secretes hormones into blood and other body fluids. These chemicals are important for metabolism, growth, water and mineral balance, and the response to stress.

Pineal body, pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thyroid, parathyroid, heart, adrenal gland, kidney, pancreas, stomach, intestines, ovary Hormones provide feedback to the brain to affect neural processing. The epidermis is a superficial covering of stratified epithelial tissue comprised of an external layer of dead cells sitting on a lower layer of living cells.

The dermis is a deeper layer of dense, irregular connective tissue. Goats, horses, cattle, and swine have hair; sheep have wool, and poultry have feathers.

Integumentary System

Hair, wool and feather are all comprised of protein and are essential for regulating body temperature. The arrector pili muscles are stimulated to contract involuntarily by the nervous system in times of stress or cold. Sweat glands release water to cool the body. Sebaceous glands secrete oil substances to lubricate the skin and hair.

Free nerve endings sense heat and cold as well as touch. The skeletal system is made up of bones and connective tissue and provides structural support for all of the other organ systems. The skull protects the brain, ribs protect the lungs, and vertebrae protect the spinal cord.

The skeleton also works in conjunction with the muscles to allow movement of the different body parts.

  • In detail, the relationship between skeletal system and integumentary system?

The axial skeleton consists of those bones on the midline of the body including: Skull Vertebrae Ribs Sternum 26 27 Skeletal System The appendicular skeleton is comprised of those bones coming off the midline of the body including: Forelegs arms Hindlegs legs Bones in the pelvic region 27 28 Bones Bones are divided into four classes.

Long bones Flat bones Short bones Irregular bones 28 29 Bones Long bones, found in the limbs, are the supporting columns and levers for the skeletal system and the body. Irregular bones are those found in the vertebral column.

The organic matter is mostly collagen and gives bone flexibility and resilience. The inorganic matter is mostly tricalcium phosphate and gives bone rigidity and hardness. Some of bone marrow consists of yellow fat, called yellow marrow. The red marrow is responsible for blood cell and platelet formation. Bone undergoes continuous deposition creation of new bone material and resorption removal of old bone material.

integumentary and skeletal relationship

This process is known as endochondral ossification or endochondral bone formation. Osteoblasts develop into osteocytes, or mature bone cells. Primary ossification occurs at the metaphyseal growth plate. Tiny glands in the skin secrete oils that enhance the barrier function of the skin. Immune cells live in the skin and provide the first line of defense against infections.

Neuroscience Resources for Kids - Body System Interaction

By helping to synthesize and absorb vitamin D, the integumentary system works with the digestive system to encourage the uptake of calcium from our diet.

This substance enters the bloodstream though the capillary networks in the skin. Healthy functioning of your skin also is related to the digestive system because the digestion and assimilation of dietary fats and oils are essential for the body to be able to make the protective oils for the skin and hair.

The integumentary system also works closely with the circulatory system and the surface capillaries through your body. Because certain substances can enter the bloodstream through the capillary networks in the skin, patches can be used to deliver medications in this manner for conditions ranging from heart problems nitroglycerin to smoking cessation nicotine patches. The skin also is important in helping to regulate your body temperature.