Egyptian plover - Wikipedia
A classic example of this type of symbiotic relationship is the plover bird and the African crocodile. The tiny blackbird plover acts as a toothpick. This tiny bird is called the Egyptian Plover bird. She gets into the crocodile’s mouth and picks out the tiny bits of food stuck in his teeth. So, the Plover bird gets her food and the crocodile gets his mouth cleaned. It requires relationship between different components of the system such that every crocodile and the small blackbird plover have a symbiotic relationship.
biosystems: the fierce African crocodile and the small blackbird plover
What does she do with them? She eats them and often this completes her diet.
So, the Plover bird gets her food and the crocodile gets his mouth cleaned. In this way, both are able to help each other! Let us get to know a little bit more about these creatures: A crocodile is a carnivore which means it eats all kinds of animals that live in the water and even cattle.
They have strong jaws. They do not chew their food, just swallow the entire prey into their stomach where it is broken down. It is while swallowing that the bits of flesh get stuck in their teeth.
You will find them swimming just like this beneath the surface of water with their eyes and nostrils just above. Often you will find them lazing around in the sun with their mouth wide open. They have powerful jaw muscles and can keep their mouth open for a long time. Let us look at the Plover Bird closely.
She lives in pairs or in small groups near water bodies, just like our crocodile does. She flies in groups. When a pair lands after the flight, they greet each other by raising their wings in a way that shows the black and white marks on them. Some other examples of symbiotic relationships between two or more species are the bumble bee and the flowering plants, the lichen algae and fungushuman beings and the intestinal bacteria, the sea anemone and clownfish, etc.
These Symbiotic Relationships Examples Show the Marvel of Nature
This is a relationship between two species of organisms where one species takes advantage of the other without affecting it. In ecology, commensalism can be observed between cattle egrets and the livestock. The cattle egrets are mostly found in meadows and grasslands are always seen near cattle, horses and other livestock. These birds feed on the insects that come out of the field due to the movement of the animals. They even eat ticks, fleas, etc.
The relationship between tigers and golden jackals is also commensalism. The jackal alerts the tiger to a kill and feeds on the remains of the prey left by the tiger. A few other examples are orchids, mosses and trees, barnacles, army ants and birds.
Crocodile and the Plover Bird
Of the various symbiotic relationships, parasitism is a symbiotic relationship where the parasite gains benefit at the expense of the host organism.
There are two forms of parasites - endoparasites, living in the host's body and ectoparasites, existing on the surface. This type of relationship can be seen mostly between human beings and parasites like worms and insects like head lice and mosquitoes.
One classic example of parasitism is seen in the case of intestinal parasites and humans, where the parasites suck all the nutrients from the host's body but cause a series of ailments to the host. Parasites are also found in animals and plants. Competition occurs between organisms when there are limited resources. For example, large insects defend their feeding sites by shoving off smaller and weak insects.
This kind of relationship can be observed in animals as well as birds. In this type of relationship, neither of the species is benefited by the presence of the other. In this relationship both the species remain unaffected. The species may be living side by side but are unaware of each other and also cause no harm to each other.
This is commonly seen in various plant species that grow side by side in forests. These were some examples of symbiosis in nature.